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Zealand

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{{otheruses}} '''Zealand''' ([[Danish phrasebook|Danish]]: ''Danish: Sjælland'', [http://www.visiteastdenmark.com/]) is the largest island in [[Denmark]], located between the Island of [[Funen]] and the southern tip of Sweden. It is the seat of the capital [[Copenhagen]]. In addition to Zealand this region also encompasses the islands of [[Lolland]], [[Falster]] and [[Møn]], as well as numerous small islands.
==Regions==
 
{{Regionlist
| regionmap=Zealand_map.png
| region1description=The densely populated capital region
| region2name=[[NordsjællandNorth Zealand]]
| region2color=#d5dc76
| region2items=
| region2description=The Northern Zealand of Kings with lakes, farmland, lush forests and impressive castles
| region3name=[[Southwestern West Zealand]]
| region3color=#71b37b
| region3items=
| region3description=Southern & Western sections of Zealand, Farmland, Vacation homes by the beach and some historic cities.
| region4name=[[MønSouth Zealand]]| region4color=#ad7ead4ed084
| region4items=
| region4description=Known and loved by the Danes for it's scenic country side, Viking burial mounds and it's spectacular chalck cliffs. | region5name=[[Lolland]]| region5color=#69999f| region5items=| region5description=The "sugar island", supplies the sugar for almost all the tasty Danish pastry.  | region6name=[[Falster]]| region6color=#8a84a3| region6items=| region6description=Includes good beaches, and Denmark's southernmost point, [[Gedser]], where you can jump on a ferry to Germany.
}}
* [[Elsinore]] - Home of Shakespeare's hamlet and his Kronborg castle and a well preserved mediaeval city centre.
* [[Hillerød]] - A castle town set amidst majestic beech tree forests.
* [[Nykøbing FalsterKalundborg]] - See the many remaining parts and ruins of the old fortified medieval town.* [[Køge]] - A nice well preserved old city center. The central city beatifull Vallø manor and the 15 meter Stevns chalk cliffs within easy reach.* [[Ringsted]] - Commercial centre smack on the middle of the islands south of Zealand, with a nice abbey church to bootthe Danish Tramway Museum on its outskirts.
* [[Roskilde]] - World heritage site of Roskilde cathedral, containing the Royal Tombs for the past 1000 years. and the excellent Viking ship museum.
* [[Kalundborg]] - See the many remaining parts and ruins of the old fortified medieval town
* [[Køge]] - A nice well preserved old city center. The beatifull Vallø manor and the 15 meter Stevns chalk cliffs within easy reach.
* [[Ringsted]] - Commercial centre smack on the middle of the islands, with the Danish Tramway Museum on it's outskirts.
* [[Slagelse]] - Discover Denmark's Viking heritage, in the nearby Trelleborg ringcastle, one of only 4 discovered.
 
==Other destinations==
[[Image:SusaaenDK.jpg|thumb|250px|Canoeing on Suså river]]* [[Møn#see|Møns cliffKongernes Nordsjælland National Park]] - Bright chalk cliffs stretching some 6 km, some A brand new national park covering the old hunting grounds of the cliffs fall a sheer 120 m to the sea belowancient kings.* [[Stevns|Stevns CliffsCliff]] - Another set of dramatic chalk cliffs, and with a cold war fortress bored into the mountain.* [[Suseå|Suseå river]] - One of Denmarks Denmark's longest rivers, popular with Kayak and Canoe sailors. * [[Kongernes Nordsjælland Nationalpark]] - A brand new national park covering the old hunting grounds of ancient kings.
==Understand==
[[Image:Gefion.jpg|thumb|300px250px|''King Gylfi ruled the lands that are now called Sweden. It is told of him that he gave a ploughland in his kingdom, the size four oxen could plough in a day and a night, to a beggar-woman as a reward for the way she had entertained him. This woman, however, was of the family of the Æsir. Her name was Gefion. She took from the north, out of Jötunheim, four oxen which were the soils of a certain giant and, herself, and set them before the plow. And the plow cut so wide and so deep that it loosened up the land; and the oxen drew the land out into the sea and to the westward, and stopped in a certain sound. There Gefion set the land for good and gave it a name, calling it "Zealand." And from that time on, the spot whence the land had been torn up is water: it is now called the "Väneren" in Sweden; and bays lie in that lake even as the headlands in Zealand. Thus says Bragi, the ancient skald.'' Pictured: The Gefion Statue on [[Copenhagen/Østerbro|Østerbro]]
]]
Rumors Rumours has it that Zealand was carved out of Sweden (See the ancient legend on your right), and the area where Zealand was carved out from, is now a huge lake which bears some similarity to Zealand. Today a large statue commemorating Gefions feat of plowing ploughing Zealand out of Sweden with her oxcart ox cart stands near ''Kastellet'' in [[Copenhagen]].
And for many years to follow, Gefion's Zealand was the geographical centre of the Danish Kingdom, as Sweden's three southern most provinces was then an integral part of Denmark. But the Swedes had their vengeance for Gefion's dirty tricks, though they had to wait a thousand years to taste it. In 1658 they took the eastern part of the Kingdom, in one of the countless wars between the two countries, so that Denmark now ended on the shores of Zealand - hence the rather odd location of the Danish capital.  Much has happened since then, and today nearly half of the population of Denmark lives on the island, where also the capital and largest city [[Copenhagen]] is situated - the metropolitan area covers almost the entire north eastern part portion of the island, and many people on the rest the island commutes to the capital every day. === Geography ===Zealand is a quite large island, at just over 7000 km2 (2,715 sq mi), it's among the 100 largest islands in the world. It's flat, but dominated by low rolling hills from moraines left behind from the last ice age - the highest point, Gyldenløves Høj, is only 126 meters (413 ft) above the sea. It's heavily cultivated, but there are some (by local standards) large forested areas in [[Northern Zealand]] and on [[Western Zealand]] between [[Slagelse]] and [[Sorø]]''The sea south of Zealand is dominated by the three large islands [[Lolland]], [[Falster]] and [[Møn]],
==Get in==
:'''Tårs''' ([[Langeland]])
:'''[[Ebeltoft]]''' ([[East Jutland]]
:'''[[ÅrhusAarhus]]''' ([[East Jutland]]):'''[[ÅrhusAarhus]]''' ([[East Jutland]])
:'''Kolby Kås''' ([[Samsø]])
:'''[[Rønne]]''' ([[Bornholm]])
:'''[[Szczecin]]''' ([[Poland]])
|
: Scandlines[[http://www.scandlines.dk] 45 minutes: Scandlines[[http://www.scandlines.dk] 1h45 minutes: Scandlines[[http://www.scandlines.dk], Acelink[http://www.acelink.dk/] & HH Ferries[http://www.hhferries.dk/]: DFDS Seaways [[http://www.dfdsseaways.com/]] ? hours
: Polferries [http://www.polferries.pl/en/home] ? hours.
|}
=== By train===
There are numerous trains connecting Zealand with [[Funen]] and [[Jutland]], they all cross the Great Belt fixed link. The Main lines departs from Copenhagen twice every hour, usually divided in a Express and a Intercity train, and runs across the length of Zealand with stops in [[Roskilde]], [[Ringsted]], [[Slagelse]] and [[Korsør]] before crossing the Belt and [[Funen]], and finaly branching out when they reach Jutland. The most important branches being [[ÅrhusAarhus]]/[[Aalborg]] running North, [[Esbjerg]] running west and finaly [[Sønderborg]] running south. All cross belt trains are operated by DSB (Danish Railways[http://www.dsb.dk]. '''International''' trains depart [[Copenhagen]] Central station for [[Hamburg]] and [[Berlin]] serveral times per day, stopping in major Zealand cities; [[Næstved]], [[Vordingborg]] and [[Nykøbing Falster]] on the way. There is also connections between Copenhagen and [[Ystad]], [[Göteborg]] and [[Stockholm]] in [[Sweden]] across the Øresund bridge.
=== By bus ===
=== By train ===
The vast majority of regional transportation is done by train, the bulk of it on the 4 main DSB [http://www.dsb.dk] corridors, radiating out of Copenhagen. It is worth noting that that the ticketing system changes in Borup and Hvalsø, roughly half way between Roskilde and Holbæk & Ringsted respectively, if you cross these cities "All-Zone" tickets bought in Copenhagen are no longer valid, and you need to purchase train tickets with DSB instead,
 
* '''North''' ([[Copenhagen]]-[[Elsinore]])
* '''West''' ([[Copenhagen]]-[[Holbæk]]-[[Kalundborg]])
* '''South-West''' ([[Copenhagen]]-[[Ringsted]]-[[Korsør]])
* '''South''' ([[Copenhagen]]-[[Ringsted]]-[[Nykøbing Falster]])
 
=== By bus ===
The regional transportation agency for the whole region is Movia [http://www.movia.dk]. Though the lionsshare of long distance transportation in the region are done by train, there are a few important interregional routes namely:
* '''60''' [[Vordingborg]] - [[Maribo]] (Lolland)
* '''62''' [[Vordingborg]] - [[Møn|Stege]] (Møn)
* '''64''' [[Vordingborg]] - [[Bogø]] - [[Møn|Stege]] (Møn)
 
And two mainly summer express buses[http://www.hurtigbussen.dk] which non-stop between Høje Taastrup and the beaches and vacation homes in North-Eastern Zealand:
* Private railroads** '''Frederiksværksbanen555''' [[HillerødCopenhagen/Vestegnen|Høje Taastrup]] - [[HundestedHolbæk]] via Frederiksværk - ''One of the most important private railways in Denmark, runs from Odden (ferry to [[HillerødJutland]], terminus of Copenhagen's suburban line E to Hundested at the mouths of Roskilde and Holbæk fjords.'' ) ** '''Lille Nord666''' [[HillerødCopenhagen/Vestegnen|Høje Taastrup]] - [[Helsingør]] via [[FredensborgNykøbing Sjælland]] - ''Runs once or twice per hour between the 3 castle towns of Northern Zealand, and is a good option from making a circle daytrip of Northern Zealand from Copenhagen''** '''Gribskovbanen''' — [[HillerødRørvig]] - Tisvildeleje/Gilleleje - ''This beautiful small railway runs through Zealand's largest forest (ferry to reach the two main vacation towns on Zealands northern coast, where some excellent beaches can be found.''** '''Østbanen'''— [http://www.lokalbanen.dk/K%C3%B8replaner/%C3%98stbanen.aspx] [[KøgeHundested]] - Faxe Ladeplads/Rødvig. - ''Runs from Køge, the terminus of one of Copenhagen's suburban lines, across the Stevns district, for access to the remarkable 15 meter high, Stevns chalk cliffs.''** '''Odsherredsbanen''' — Holbæk - Nykøbing Sjælland -'' This line connects Holbæk on one of the Zealand mainlines, to the Odsherred penisula - vacation country where many people Copenhagen has vacation homes''** '''Høng-Tølløse jernbane''' — Tølløse - Slagelse** '''Lollandsbanen''' — Nykøbing Falster - Nakskov via Maribo)
=== By ferry ===
* The most important ferry route on Zealand is between [[Hundested - ]] and [[Rørvig* Kulhuse ]] [http://www.hundested- Sølagerroervig.dk/], crossing the big fjord in northern part of the island. Many of the smaller islands dotting the sea around Zealand and Lolland are also connected by ferries, check these in the relevant sub regions,
==See==
*'''Tour the 3 main '''castles of Zealand''': of Zealand; The world heritage sight of Hamlet's [[Elsinore#See|Kronborg]], [[Hillerød#See|Frederiksborg]] and [[Fredensborg#See|Fredensborg slot]] - all within easy reach of each other.*<see name="Økologisk Landsby Samfund" alt="Ecovillage Torup" address="Solen 15, Torup" directions="Private Hunsted railway from Hillerød, get See the tall '''white cliffs''' on [[Møn]] and [[Stevns]] with sudden 120 meter vertical drops into the sea.* Discover the world of at '''Vikings''' in the Viking ship museum in [[Roskilde]] and the Torup stopliving history museum of [[Roskilde#Do|Lejre]]." phone="+45 47 98 70 26" url="http://dyssekilde.dk/" hours="Tours: April 1st * [[Møn#see|Møns cliff]] - Oktober 1stBright chalk cliffs stretching some 6 km, every Saturday in even weeks 3AM" price="" lat="" long="">Is a small village with around some of the cliffs fall a 100 residents,in sheer 120 m to the Northern part sea below* [[Stevns|Stevns Cliffs]] - Another set of Zealanddramatic chalk cliffs, where you can see some exciting architecture based on energy neutrality and substainabiltywith a cold war fortress bored into the mountain. </see> 
==Do==
[[Image:Neastved.jpg||thumb|250px|Suseåen in early spring]]
  * <do name="Skjoldenæsholm tramway museum" alt="" address="" directions="near Ringsted" phone="" email="" fax="" url="http://www.sporvejsmuseet.dk/" hours="Open late april to late october, Sa-Su and public holidays, 10am-5pm. Also open Tu-Fr during shool holidays, late Jun to early Aug, every day in fall break (week 42)" price="DKK 80 for full day, unlimited use of the trams">Ride hundred year old '''trams''' through a picturesque forest, at the end of the line (Eilers Oak) there is a picnic area with sale of coffee, soft drinks, etc. Also a good starting point for walks</do>* <do name="Canoeing on Susåen" alt="" address="Skovridervej 11, 4171 Glumsø" directions="" phone="+45 5764 6144" url="http://www.kanoudlejning.dk" hours="" price="Canoe rental from 370 DKK for 1 day" lat="" long="" email="" fax="">During the summer it's is possible to do an almost 80 kilometers, 3 day canoe trip through beautiful scenery, on this stream that cuts through the middle part of Zealand. </do>* '''Become a Viking for a day''' in the spectacular hands on history museum '''Lejre Forsøgscenter''' near [[Roskilde]].</do>
==Eat==
While the rest of Denmark is aptly represented in terms of local specialties, the closest Zealand get's gets is probably the famous smørrebrød, meaning buttered-bread, which has it's its origins in [[Copenhagen]]. These open faced sandwiches of rye bread and butter, comes with as many as 250 different toppings, and are usually finished by some elaborate decorations. Smørrebrød is usually eaten at lunch.
Further south, on the island of [[Møn]] the local specialty is bidesild (''chewy herring'') and is herring that has been pickled in brine over several years, and is served with bread and fat.
 
* <eat name="Malerklemmen" alt="" address="Ved Kildepladsen 4, Borup" directions="Exit 34 on E20, third exit in roundabout (left), second exit in next roundabout" phone="''+45'' 57 52 60 33" email="[email protected]" fax="" url="http://www.malerklemmen.dk/" hours="Tu-Su in the summer for lunch til late afternoon" price="DKK 100, Buffet DKK 180">Cozy restaurant in the wood, popular with motor cyclists, especially the first sunday of the month</eat>
==Drink==
There are several breweries dotted around Zealand. Carlsberg & Tuborg, Denmarks Denmark's major brands used to be produced in Copenhagen but production has now moved to Jutland, but there are serveral other local brands to choose from
* <drink name="Faxe Bryggeri" alt="" address="Faxe Allé 1, 4640 Faxe" directions="" phone="+45 5677 1590" email="" fax="" url="http://www.royalunibrew.com/Default.aspx?ID=1310" hours="" price="">The largest brewery on the island, is famous for the Faxe Pilsner, which also sees exports to serveral countries.</drink>
==Stay safe==
==Get out==
 
The Swedish province of [[Scania]] is an easy trip by ferry or train from most parts of eastern Zealand. It shares a common history and heritage with the island.
{{related|Scania}}
[[WikiPediaWikipedia:Zealand]]
{{isPartOf|Denmark}}
{{related|Scaniaregionguide}}{{usableusableregion}} [[ru:Остров Зеландия]]
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