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Danish phrasebook

1,766 bytes added, 23:40, 26 October 2016
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'''Danish''' is a [[Scandinavia]]n language spoken in [[Denmark]] and some areas of Greenland. It is closely related to [[Norwegian phrasebook|Norwegian]] and [[Swedish phrasebook|Swedish]], and some speakers of the three languages can understand the others. In writing, the difference between the Danish and Norwegian languages are not bigger than the difference between English and American English, though it will often be harder in oral conversations. These Scandinavian languages are North Germanic, strongly influenced by Low Saxon (German).
'''æ''' as in '''e'''gg, only shorter<br>
'''ø''' as may'''o'''r, but also as in b'''i'''rd<br>
'''å''' as in '''o'''ld, but also c'''au'''ght; sometimes written '''aa'''<br>
===Consonants===
'''c''' as k, but '''s'''ing before e or i
'''d''' as in '''d'''ead, '''th'''e after vowels, silent before after l, n or r and before t or s<br>
'''f''' as in '''f'''erry<br>
'''g''' as in ­'''g'''one, but like y as in '''y'''et after a vowel<br>
===Basics===
; Hello. : Hallo (''halo'').; Hello. (''informal'') : Hej (''High'').; How are you? : Hvordan går det? (''Vor-dan gore d''); Fine, thank you. : Godt, tak (''Got, tag'').; That's enough: Godt Det er nok (got ''deh air knock''); What is your name? : Hvad hedder du? (''Vadh header doo''); My name is ______ . : Jeg hedder ______ (''Yay hedhuh'').; Nice to meet you. : Det var rart at møde dig (''D' vahr rarht add murdhe dah-ee''). Correct but normally people say: "Det var hyggeligt at møde dig".; Please. : Vær så venlig (''Ver saw venlee'').; Thank you. : Tak (''Tahg'').; You're welcome. : Selv tak (''seloo tahg'').; Yes. : Ja (''Ya'').; No. : Nej (''Nay'').; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Undskyld mig (''On'skil ma'ee'').; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Undskyld (''On'skil'').; I'm sorry. : Det må du undskylde (''Dee m'o doo on'skil'eh'').; Goodbye : Farvel (''favel'').; Goodbye (''informal'') : Hej hej (''High High'').; I can't speak Danish [well]. : Jeg taler ikke [godt] dansk (''Ya'ee tailor 'eek'eh got dahnsk'').; Do you speak English? : Taler du engelsk? (''Tailor doo eng'glsk''); Is there someone here who speaks English? : Er der nogen her, der taler engelsk? (''Air dah no'en heer, dah tailor eng'elsk''); Help! : Hjælp! (''Yelp''); Look out! : Pas på! (''Pass poh''); Good morning (before roughly 10-11am). : Godmorgen (''good' morgen'').; Good morning (after 10-11am, but before noon) : Godformiddag (''good'formidhae'').; Good evening. : Godaften (''good'hafden''). ; Good night. : Godnat (''good'hnad'').; Good night (''sleep well'') : Sov godt (''saw'oo got'').; I don't understand. : jeg forstår ikke (''Yaye for-store 'ee'eh'').; Where is the toilet? : Hvor er toilettet? (''War ayer toiledet'')
===Problems===
; Leave me alone. : Lad mig være i fred (''Ladh ma'ee ware i fredh'').; Don't touch me! : Rør mig ikke! (''Rawr ma'ee 'eek'e''); I'll call the police. : Jeg ringer efter politiet (''Ya'ee rang'ehr ef-tuh po'lee'teet'').; Police! : Politi (''Po'lee'tee'')! ; Stop! Thief! : Stop tyven (''Stop tee'ven'')! ; I need your(sg)/your(pl) help. : Jeg har brug for din/jeres hjælp (''Ya'ee har bro' for deen/Y'ayers yelp''). ; It's an emergency. : Det er et nødstilfælde (''Day air ed need'steel'fell'eh''). ; I'm lost. : Jeg er faret vild (''Ya'ee air far'red veel.''). ; I lost my bag. : Jeg har mistet min taske (''Ya'ee har mis'ted mean task'eh''). ; I lost my wallet. : Jeg har mistet min tegnebog pung (''Ya'ee har mis'ted meenn tai'nehpoeng/like sung, just 'bp'ohung). ; I'm sick. : Jeg er syg (''Ya'ee air sic-''). (''Sick without the K'') ; I've been injured. : Jeg er kommet til skade (''Ya'ee air comet tel' skadhe''). ; I need a doctor. : Jeg har brug for en læge (''Ya'ee har bro' for en lay'eh''). ; Can I use your phone? : Må jeg låne din telefon? (''Mo' ya'ee lone'eh deen telephon''')
===Numbers===
; 1 : en (''en'')/et (''ed''); 2 : to (''to''); 3 : tre (''trre''); 4 : fire (''fear''); 5 : fem (''fem''); 6 : seks (seks''sex''); 7 : syv (''sur'oo''); 8 : otte (''ude''); 9 : ni (''ni''); 10 : ti (''ti''); 11 : elleve (eleve''elve''); 12 : tolv (toloo''toll''); 13 : tretten (''tredn'') ; 14 : fjorten (''fyordn''); 15 : femten (''femden''); 16 : seksten (''seksden''); 17 : sytten (''surdn''); 18 : atten (''adn''); 19 : nitten (''needn''); 20 : tyve (''turve''); 21 : enogtyve (''enoyturve''); 22 : toogtyve (''to'oyturve''); 23 : treogtyve (''tre'oyturve''); 30 : tredieve (''tredhieve''); 40 : fyrre (''furre''); 50 : halvtreds, femti (''halvtres) (femdi''); 60 : tres (''tres''); 70 : halvfjerds (''hal-fjærsfjars''); 80 : firs(firs''fears'') ; 90 : halvfems (''halfems''); 100 : ethundrede , hundrede (''edhunredhe''), (''hunredhe''); 150 : ethundrede og halvtreds(''edhunredhe aw halvtres''); 200 : tohundrede (''tohunredhe''); 300 : trehundrede (''trehunredhe''); 1000 : tusind (''toosin''); 2000 : totusinde (''totoosine''); 1,000,000 : en million(''in milion''), abbr: en mio. ; 1,000,000,000 : en milliard (''en miliar''), abbr: en mia. ; 1,000,000,000,000 : en billion(''in beelion''); number _____ (''train, bus, etc.'') : nummer _____ (''numuh ...''); half : halv (haloo''hal''); a third : en tredjedel (''in trethiedel''); less : mindre (''minre''); more : mere (mere''mirrer'')
===Time===
; now : nu (''noo''); later : senere (''senere'') ; before : før (''furr''); morning : morgen (''morEN'')g ; late morning : formiddag (''formidhai''); afternoon: eftermiddag (''eftuhmidhai''); evening : aften (''afDEN''); night : nat (''nad'')
====Clock time====
; one o'clock AM : klokken 1 (''klogen et''); two o'clock AM : klokken 2 (''klogen to''); noon : middag (''midhai''); one o'clock PM : klokken 13 (''klogen tredn''); two o'clock PM : klokken 14 (''klogen fyordn''); midnight : midnat (''midhnad'')
====Duration====
; _____ minute(s) : _____ minut(ter) (''minood / minooduh''); _____ hour(s) : _____ time(r) (''teeme / teemuh'') ; _____ day(s) : _____ dag(e) (''die / dire''); _____ week(s) : _____ uge(r) (''oy-yeh''); _____ month(s) : _____ måned(er) (''muhnedh[uh]''); _____ year('s) : _____ år (''uhr'')
====Days====
; today : i dag (''ee dai''); yesterday : i går (''ee gur''); tomorrow : i morgen (''ee morgen''); this week : denne uge (''denne ooye''); last week : sidste uge (''siste'') ; next week : næste uge (''neste'')
; Monday : mandag (''manay''); Tuesday : tirsdag (''tirsdai''); Wednesday : onsdag (''onsdai''); Thursday : torsdag (''torsdai''); Friday : fredag (''fredhai''); Saturday : lørdag (''lure'ai''); Sunday : søndag (''surnai'')
====Months====
; January : januar (''janooar''); February : februar (''febrooar''); March : marts (''mards''); April : april (''abril''); May : maj (''mai''); June : juni (''yoonee''); July : juli (''yoolee''); August : august (''owyoosd''); September : september (''sebtember''); October : oktober (''ogtober''); November : november (''november''); December : december (''december'')
====Writing time and date====
; What's the time? : Hvad er klokken? (''vadh er klogen''); What date is it today? : Hvilken dato er det i dag? (''vilken dato uh ded i dai''); It's _____ o'clock. : Klokken er _____ . (''klogen er ...'')
''Please note that when saying what the clock is, one would normally only use one to twelve, unless having to make sure there's no doubt as to whether it's past or before noon, in which case the twenty-four hour system is used.''
===Colors===
; black : sort (''Sword''); white : hvid (''Vid''); gray : grå (''Gr'oh''); red : rød (''Roll''); blue : blå (''Blow''); yellow : gul (''Gool''); green : grøn (''Gron'''); orange : orange (''Oran'shay''); purple : lilla (''Leela''); brown : brun (''Broon'')
===Transportation===
====Bus and train====
; How much is a ticket to _____? : Hvad koster en billet til _____? (''Vad' custer een billet teal ...''); One ticket to _____, please. : En billet til _____, tak. (''Een billet teal ..., ta'k'') ; Where does this train/bus go? : Hvor kører dette tog/denne bus hen? (''War keerah deh'deh tow hen?/den'neh boos hen?''); Where is the train/bus to _____? : Hvor er toget/bussen til _____? (''War air tow'wet/boosen teal ...''); Does this train/bus stop in _____? : Stopper toget/bussen i _____? (''Stopper tow'wet/boosn 'ee ...''); When does the train/bus for _____ leave? : Hvornår afgår toget/bussen til _____ ? (''Vor'nahr ahf'gore tow'wet/boosn teal ...''); When will this train/bus arrive in _____? : Hvornår ankommer toget/bussen til _____? (''vorrnuhr ankomuh toyed/boosn teal ...'')
====Directions====
; Left : Venstre (''Venster''); Right : Højre (''Hoy'ehr''); Forwards : Fremad (''From'ad''); Backwards : Tilbage (''Tealbaeeye''); Above/over : Over (''Ouh'a''); Under(neath) : under (''Oo-nah''); Adjacent to _____ : Ved siden af _____ (''Vet seed-den ah' ...'')
====Taxi====
; Taxi! : Taxa/taxi! (''ta'ksa/ta'ksee''); Take me to _____, please. : Kør mig til _____, tak. (''Koor ma'ee teal ..., ta'k'') ; How much does it cost to get to _____? : Hvad koster det at komme til _____? (''Vad custer deh' add komme teal ...?''); Take me there, please. : Kør mig venligst derhen. (''Coo'ehr ma'ee ven'lease't d'air'hen'')
===Lodging===
; Do you have any rooms available? : Har i nogen ledige værelser? (''Har e noen lethie varelser?''); How much is a room for one person/two people? : Hvad koster et enkeltværelse/dobbeltværelse? (''Vad koster et enkaeltvarelse/doubeltvarelse?''); Does the room come with... : Har værelset... (''Har varelset...''):; ...bedsheets? : ...sengetøj? (''sengetoj?''):; ...a bathroom? : ...et badeværelse? (''et badevarelse?''):; ...a telephone? : ...en telefon? (en telefoen?''):; ...a TV? : ...et TV? (''et Te-VE?''); May I see the room first? : Kan jeg se værelset først? (''Can ya-y se varelset forst?''); Do you have anything quieter? : Har I et mere ''stille'' værelse? (''Ha e et m'ere stile verelse?''):; ...bigger? : ...større? (''større?''):; ...cleaner? : ...renere? (''renere?''):; ...cheaper? : ...billigere? (''biliere?''); OK, I'll take it. : OK, jeg tager det. (O-Kå, yaigh taer det.''); I will stay for _____ night(s). : Jeg bliver _____ nat(nætter). (''Yaigh bliver ... nat(nether)''); Can you suggest another hotel? : Kan du foreslå et andet hotel? (''Can du foreslå et anet hotel?''); Do you have a safe? : Har i ''et pengeskab''? (''Har et paengeskab?'') :; ...lockers? : ...aflåste skabe? (''afloste skabe?''); Is breakfast/supper dinner included? : Er det med morgenmad/aftensmad? ('er di med morenmad/aftensmad?''); What time is breakfast/supper? : Hvornår er der morgenmad/aftensmad? (''Vono er da mowenmad/aftensmad?''); Please clean my room. : Gør venligst værelset mit værelse rent. (''Ger venlist meet varelse rent''); Can you wake me at _____? : Kan i I vække mig klokken _____? (''Can e vakke may clocken ...?''); I want to check out. : Jeg vil gerne checke ud.(''Yaiy will garne checke ul.'')
===Money===
; Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? : Godtager I amerikanske/australske/canadiske dollars?
; Do you accept British pounds? : Godtager I britiske pund?
; Do you accept euro? : Godtager I euro?
; Do you accept credit cards? : Godtager I dankort?
; Can you change exchange money for me? : Kan I veksle penge for mig? ; Where can I get money changedexchanged? : Hvor kan jeg veksle penge?
; Can you change a traveler's check for me? : Kan jeg indløse en rejsecheck?
; Where can I get a traveler's check changed? : Hvor kan jeg indløse en rejsecheck?
; lunch : frokost
; tea (''meal'') : eftermiddagsmad
; supper /dinner : aftensmad
; I want _____. : Jeg vil gerne have _____.
; I want a dish containing _____. : Jeg vil gerne have en ret med _____.
===Shopping===
How much is this? : Hvor meget bliver det ?
; Do you have this in my size? : Har I den/det i min størrelse?
; I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. : Jeg er en amerikansk/australsk/britisk/canadisk statsborger.
; I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. : Jeg vil tale med den/det amerikanske/australske/britiske/canadiske ambassade/konsulat.
; I want to talk to a lawyer. : Jeg vil have tale med en advokat. ; Can I just pay a fine now? : Kan jeg betale en bøde med det samme? (Rarely, if ever possible.)
; I want to speak to your superior : Jeg vil tale med din overordnede.
[[fr:Guide linguistique danois]]
[[ja:デンマーク語会話集]]
[[nl:Taalgids Deens]]
[[sv:Dansk parlör]]
 
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