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Cruising the Baltic Sea

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{{vfd}}: ''This topic is about international cruise ships visiting the Baltic Sea. See [[Baltic Sea ferries]] for local cruiseferries on the Baltic Sea.''
{{traveltopic}} The Baltic Sea is one of the newer choices in Cruise travel destinations. Like the Alaska cruises this one is only available in the summer months But but it is a great way to visit the countries in [[Northern Europe]] as well as Germany and Poland. This is a popular [[Cruise ships|Cruise line]] destination and provides access to most of Northern Europe as the [[Ferries in the Mediterranean|Mediterranean Sea]] does for [[Southern Europe]].[[Image:Baltic Sea.gif|thumb|250px|The <font color="red">Baltic Sea(click for large map)</font>]]The Baltic Sea is a brackish inland sea bounded by the Scandinavian Peninsula, the mainland of Europe, and the Danish islands. While brackish this salt content is fairly low at the surface and swimming pools on board ships should be much more pleasant to swim in than those cruising the open ocean.
The idea of cruising is to visit places and this Sea provides connections to many interesting places. The following countries have outlets on the Baltic Sea (moving clockwise)
* [[Norway]] - Technically this country is on a inlet between the North Sea and Baltic Sea. It is included as [[Oslo]] is often listed as a destination city for Baltic Sea cruises as well as cruising the Oslofjord.
* [[Sweden]] - Typical ports include [[Stockholm]], [[Visby]] , [[Helsingborg]], and [[Goteborg]]. Cruising the Stockholm Archipelago is also popular.
* [[Finland]] - Ports include [[Helsinki]] and [[Vaasa]].
* [[Russia]] - Eastern most destination [[St. Petersburg]] (Visa A visa will be requiredto go ashore independent of ships' shore excursions)* [[Estonia]] - Ports include [[Tallinn]]. and the island of [[Saaremaa]]
* [[Latvia]] - Ports include [[Riga]].
* [[Lithuania]]
* [[Poland]] - Ports include [[Gdynia]] ([[Gdansk]]).
* [[Germany]] - Ports include [[Warnemünde]] (provides access to [[Berlin]]), [[Kiel]] (provides access to [[Hamburg]]), and [[Lubeck]] ([[Travemünde]]).
* [[Denmark]] - Ports include [[ArhusAarhus]], [[Copenhagen]], [[Skagen]], and [[Rønne]], [[Bornholm]].
===Other destinations===
* [[Kaliningrad Oblast]] - a small exclave of [[Russia]], between [[Lithuania]] and [[Poland]]. You need to get visa for Russia to enter Kaliningrad Oblast and proceed through customs.
Much of the Baltic sea ices over in the winter so cruises are limited to the summer season.
On Shipboard, the air temperature is dominated by the sea temperature which, in the late spring is dependent upon turn, depends on the melting of the Winter accumulation of iceeach spring. By However, by July air temperatures will reach 16 or 17 deg C (61-63 F) rising to 22 deg (72 F) near mainland coasts. Day  As soon as the ice melts the sea temperature rises rapidly in late Spring and early Summer. For example the Danish islands and in the Southern Baltic near [[Kaliningrad]] will only reach 10 or 11 deg C (50-52 F) in May but will rise to 17 to 18 (63-64 F) by August. To the south of [[Gotland]] the May temperatures of 5 or 6 (41-43) will become about 16 degrees (61 F) in August. Even in the Gulf of Finland were the May temperature averages of just 1 deg C (34 F) rises to 16 (61 F) or higher approaching [[St Petersburg]] in August. The day time temperatures over land can, on occasion, be as high as 30 deg C (86 F)on occasion but will normally be in the mid to lower 20's. Thunderstorms can strike the area at any time of the year but the late Spring and Summer months (from May to August) will typically have from 2 to 3 thunderstorms per month at [[Copenhagen]] and [[Stockholm]] rising to 4 or 5 towards the east near [[Riga]], [[St Petersburg]] and [[Helsinki]].
In ===Cruising the late Spring and Summer, following the ice melting, sea temperatures rise rapidly. Around the Danish islands and in the Southern Baltic near [[Kaliningrad]], 10 or 11 deg C (50-52 F) in May becomes 17 to 18 (63-64 F) by August. To the south of [[Gotland]] temperatures of 5 or 6 (41-43) in May becomes about 16 degrees (61 F) in August. In the Gulf of Finland a temperature average of just 1 deg C (34 F) in May rises to 16 (61 F) or higher approaching [[St Petersburg]] in August.itself===
Thunderstorms are likely during any time The Baltic Sea is a large body of water with several bays but is relatively isolated from the yearocean. Typical numbers Thus the tides are minimal and the surface fairly smooth in the absence of days per month during May to August with thunderstorms range from 2 or 3 at [[Copenhagen]] an actual storm. Cruising this overgrown lake should be a pleasant and [[Stockholm]] to 4 or 5 towards smooth experience most of the time. There is also a canal between the east near [[Riga]], [[St Petersburg]] sea and the ocean. Some cruises feature a trip through the [[HelsinkiKiel#See|Kiel Canal]]. This can be an interesting experience if you have never been through a canal before. This is a very busy place.
==Get around==
Cruise Ships frequent these waters with tours that last 10 to 14 days depending on what countries you want to visit. Often one ship will travel the Baltic Sea alternating between a clockwise and counterclockwise traversal of the sea. Somewhat longer cruises may venture out into the North Sea.
* Lots Major Cruise Ships frequent these waters with tours that last 10 to 14 days depending on what countries you want to visit. Typically no cruise will reach all of the countries so you have to be choosy. Often one ship will travel the Baltic Sea alternating between a clockwise and counterclockwise traversal of the sea. Some sea days (days without docking) are to be expected.  Somewhat longer cruises may venture out into the North Sea. And North Sea cruises may also sample a few spots in the Baltic. Most cruises will only stop at a few of the available ports so be sure and study the itinerary to determine which sites are featured. Some smaller lines offer short trips of 3 or 4 days and visit ports in only 1 or 2 countries. A 7 day cruise can leave from England and reach a few destinations in the Baltic Sea. ===Itineraries===Here are a sampling of some of the longer cruises available. This listing does not constitute an endorsement of any particular cruise line. These cruises are available in 2009 but no guarantee that they will be available in subsequent years. Cruise lines often change the itineraries every year. 12 day 2011 cruise on '''SeaDream Yacht Club''': {| border='1' cellpadding=3 cellspacing=0|-|1||[[Stockholm]], Sweden||same |-|2||[[Hanko]], Finland||same|-|3||[[Helsinki]], Finland||same|-|4||[[St. Petersburg]], Russia||same |-|5||[[St. Petersburg]], Russia||same|-|6||[[Tallinn]], Estonia||same|-|7||[[Tallinn]], Estonia||same |-|8||[[Visby]], Gotland, Sweden||same|- |9||[[Bornholm]], Denmark||same|- |10||[[Sassnitz]], Ruegen Island, Germany||same|-|11||[[Faaborg]], Denmark||same|-|12|| At sea||At sea|-|13||[[Amsterdam]], Netherlands||same|}          10 day cruise on '''Princess''' Cruise line: (two different cruises are shown depending on departure date){| border='1' cellpadding=3 cellspacing=0|-|1||[[Copenhagen]], Denmark||same |-|2|| At Sea||same|-|3||[[Stockholm]], Sweden||same|-|4||[[Helsinki]], Finland||same |-|5||[[St. Petersburg]], Russia||same|-|6||[[St. Petersburg]], Russia||same|-|7||[[Tallinn]], Estonia||same |-|8||[[Gdansk]] ([[Gdynia]]), Poland||same|- |9||[[Berlin]] ([[Warnemunde]]), Germany||At Sea|- |10||[[Helsingborg]], Sweden||[[Oslo]], Norway |-|10||[[Copenhagen]], Denmark (10 PM)|||-|11||[[Copenhagen]], Denmark||same|} 12 day cruise on '''Holland America''' Cruise line: (This cruise alternates between the itinerary shown and the exact reverse order depending on the departure date){| border='1' cellpadding=3 cellspacing=0|-|0||[[Copenhagen]], Denmark |-|1|| At Sea|-|2||[[Tallinn]], Estonia|-|3||[[St. Petersburg]], Russia|-|4||[[St. Petersburg]], Russia|-|5||[[Helsinki]], Finland|-|6||[[Stockholm]], Sweden|-|7||At Sea|-|8||[[Berlin]] ([[Warnemunde]]), Germany|- |9||[[Aarhus]], Denmark|- |10||[[Oslo]], Norway|-|11||At Sea|-|12||[[Rotterdam]], The Netherlands|} 12 day cruise on '''Celebrity''' Cruise line. Similar to the reversed Holland America cruise except for the start/ending location.{| border='1' cellpadding=3 cellspacing=0|-|0||[[Amsterdam]], Holland |-|1||At Sea|-|2||[[Berlin]] ([[Warnemunde]]), Germany|-|3||At Sea|-|4||[[Stockholm]], Sweden|-|5||[[Helsinki]], Finland|-|6||[[St. Petersburg]], Russia|-|7||[[St. Petersburg]], Russia|-|8||[[Tallinn]], Estonia|- |9||At Sea|- |10||[[Copenhagen]], Denmark|-|11||At Sea|-|12||[[Amsterdam]], Holland|} ===Featured Ports=== Most of the distinct Baltic Cruises feature an extended stay in [[St. Petersburg]], Russia. This means you can visit the historic city for a couple of full days while returning and sleeping on the ship at night. If you only go ashore using Shipboard excursions you will not need a separate Visa (as of 2009) Some cruises feature [[Berlin]], Germany in the brochures. As you can see from the map above Berlin is no where near the sea and a visit to the city is not included in the price of the cruise. A shore excursion to Berlin will typically cost more that $200 and will take 3 to add3 1/2 hours to reach the city. This Travel can be by bus or rail. The cruise ship accommodates this long travel time by arriving early and leaving late. Even with the 6 or 7 hours travel time you will could still have 7 or 8 hours in the city (depending on the cruise). Of course, a shore excursion is just optional and you can choose to enjoy the local fishing village or not even leave the ship if you prefer. Some cruises make a stop in [[Kiel]], Germany which features the Kiel canal, a very popular and busy canal in Europe. A few cruises may even traverse this canal as a way to get from the North Sea to the startBaltic sea or vice versa. Traversing the canal is an interesting experience. The terminal cities for these cruises are great destinations in themselves so you may wish to extend your trip by a day or two.
[[WikiPedia:Baltic Sea]]
{{related|Freighter travel}}
{{related|Ferries in the Mediterranean}}

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