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Greater Poland

3,870 bytes added, 23:04, 29 January 2012
Understand
:'''Greater Poland ''' (in Polish '''Wielkopolska''') is a lake district in west-central For the voivodship, see [[Greater Poland]] in the Voivodship (province) [[Wielkopolskie Voivodship]].''
'''Greater Poland ''' (in Polish '''Wielkopolska''') is a lake region in west-central [[Poland]].
==Regions==
 
* [[Greater Poland Voivodship]]
* [[Łódź Voivodship]]
* [[Lubusz]]
==Cities==
* [[Biskupin]]<!--These are not just cities from Greater Poland Voivodship, also from Lubusz Voivodship!--> * [[Gniezno]]{{-}} one of the capitals in 10th–11th century with the oldest archcathedral (from the year 1000), famous for its chapels and bronze Gniezno Door from 12th century, a modern and interactive Museum of the Beginnings of Poland, picturesquely situated between lakes* [[KaliszGołuchów]]{{-}} with a beautiful renessaince castle and the aurochs stockyard* [[KruszwicaGorzów Wielkopolski]]{{-}} the biggest town in and one of the capitals of the voivodship* [[MogilnoKalisz]]{{-}} the oldest city in Poland, classicist town mentioned in Roman cronicles already in 2nd cent* [[Ostrow Lednicki|Ostrów LednickiKłodawa]]{{-}} with the biggest operating salt mine in Poland* [[Poznań]]{{-}} with a history going back to the end of 9the century, full of monuments from all epoques, including the oldest polish church (and the oldest cathedral) from 960s, beautiful gothic and baroque Old Town and buildings from the turn 19/20th century erected by Prussians* [[StrzelnoWolsztyn]]{{-}} world-famous for its working steam trains depot, the only opened one in Europe; also offers wonderful lakes, an open-air museum and the Robert Koch Museum* [[Znin|ŻninZielona Góra]]{{-}} a big city in and one of the capitals of the voivodship, the Polish wine capital <!--These are not just cities from Greater Poland Voivodship, also from Lubusz Voivodship and Lodz Voivodship!--> ==Other destinations==
==Understand==
Originally, during the first decades of the Polish state teh region was called "Poland" ("Polska" in polish; the name comes drom the word "pole" - a field, which means, that the tribe (Polans - in polish "Polanie") forming the Polish state was an agicultural one. The name was transferred into "Wielkopolska" - "Greater Poland" later on, during the reign of Przemysl II at the end of XIIIth century. Nevertheless the region was the craddle of Poland - here the first cities were founded, the first capitals : [[Gniezno]], [[Poznan]], [[Ostrow Lednicki|Ostrów Lednicki]] are as well in Wielkopolska.
When in 1138 Originally, during the first decades of the Polish state the region was called "Poland was divided " ("Polska" in duchies united by Polish; the rule of name comes from the seniorword "pole" - a field, which means, that the tribe (Polans - in Polish "Polanie") forming the Polish state was an agricultural one. The name was changed to "Wielkopolska" ("Greater Poland became ") later on independent duchy, and vfew decades later there during the reign of Przemysl II at the end of XIIIth century. Nevertheless the region was the craddle of Poland - here the first cities were two small states with founded. The first capitals in , [[PoznanGniezno]] and , [[KaliszPoznan]] - for most of the time , [[GnieznoOstrow Lednicki|Ostrów Lednicki]] - the third biggest city in the region at that time belonged to the Kalisz duchy. Greater Poland was also a core of the restoring of the kingdom in 1295 and fro short time became again the capital of Poland, arein Wielkopolska as the king Przemysl II origined from the Greater Poland branch of the Piast dynastywell.
When in 1138 Poland was divided in duchies united by the rule of the senior, Greater Poland became an independent duchy, and few decades later there were two small states with capitals in [[Poznan]] and [[Kalisz]] - for most of the time [[Gniezno]] - the third biggest city in the region at that time belonged to the Kalisz duchy. Greater Poland was also a core of the restoring of the kingdom in 1295 and fro short time became again the capital of Poland, as the king Przemysl II origined from the Greater Poland branch of the Piast dynasty.  In the period between XVth and XVIIth centuries, when many war affected central and eastern Poland, the Greater Poland was an oasis of peace, that helped to grow and expand the cities and all the region. Most of Wielkopolska territories was incorporated into the Prussian state during the second Partition in 1793; the region was a part of Prussian state or German Empire till 1919, when a succesful Wielkopolska Uprising (27.12.1918 - June 1919) let join the reborn Poland. The region was occupied by Nazi German Germany from mid-September 1939 till spring 1945. Now most of the historical territories of Wielkopolska belong to Wielkopolska voivodship (province), but some : belong to [[Kujawsko-Pomorskie]] and [[West_Pomeranian_Voivodship|West Pomeranian Voivodship]]
Now the region is known for its high agicultural culture, for being (especially [[Poznan]] the business and fair heart of Poland and for many historical sights from both first co-capitals and other places.
 
===Climate===
Climate in the Greater Poland is much milder than average in Poland and much milder than expected by most of the visitors, who join Poland with Siberian frosts. In fact : severe frosts (minus 10-15C) last in the region no more than 10-12 days yearly, there hasn't been for a few years a seriously lasting snow cover - it's mostly snow incovnenient from slegde, not to mention skiing. Spring is usually short, quickly turning into pretty warm summer. In June, July and August expect quite high temperatures (reaching even 30-32C) and periods of drought. Autumn can be both rainy and foggy (so suitable for guests from the UK) and sunny and mild (16-18C).
==Get in==
* Katowice - up to 12 daily (a bit more than 5hrs)
* [[Wrocław]] (calling at [[Leszno]]) : more than 20 daily. A great choice of slow, accelerated, fast and express trains (from 2 to 3 hrs)
* mountain resorts in Sudety Mountains : [[Szklarska Poręba]] : up to 3 4 daily, [[Kudowa Zdrój]] - as well 3 4 daily (6 hrs)
* famous mountain resort in Tatra Mountains - [[Zakopane]] - 2 overnight trains in summer and winter season (10 hrs)
* Pila - Walcz (6)
* Pila - Zlotow - Chojnice (5 to 6)
* Poznan - [[Wągrowiec ]] - Gołańcz (7 to 9)
* Poznań - Grodzisk Wielkopolski - Wolsztyn (8 to 10)
* Gniezno - Września - Jarocin - Krotoszyn (and further Wrocław) (3 to 5)
The pearls of the region are firts co-capitals (plural!!) of Poland from Xth-XIth cent with many monument referring to the beginnings of the Polish State :
* Two most important centres of the first Poland : [[Gniezno]] and [[Poznań]]
* other, which used to be very important in early middle ages, nowadays - smal small villages : [[Giecz]] (40 kms eastwards from Poznań) and [[Ostrów Lednicki]]– on the way from Poznań to Gniezno.
Other bigger cities worth spending and least few hours in each are :
Smaller towns with interesting monuments, events and traditions :
* [[Kórnik ]] (18 kms south-east from Poznan) wit a neogothic castle with wonderful interions and furniture and a dendrological park and - last bu not least - with an extremely precious Library with manuscripts dating back to XIIIth centuy* [[Rogalin ]] (16 kms to the south from the city) with a baroque-klasicistic palace and its famous paiting collection of Raczynski family, horse cabs and very famous oaks (in total : more than 500), including three well-knows trees : Lech, Czech i Rus. * Puszczykowo (15 kms to the southm south very easily accessible by train) - a very interesting travel museum of a polish traveller Arkady Fedler, the seat of the management of Greater-Poland National Park with a nature museum.
* Swarzędz (just out of the city limits to the east, toward Warsaw) - a small city famous for the unique in Poland (and one of few in Europe) bee-keeping open-air museums.
* Nowy Tomysl with the biggest basket of the world and the Basketry Museum
* Kłodawa with the biggest working salt mine in Poland
* Tarnowo Pałuckie with the oldest wooden church in the country
* Wełna with a unique water mills museum situated on a popular canoe trail along Wełna river
Another thing interesting for history-lovers can be the Greater-Poland part of the Cistersian Route. In the region the main places on the route are : [[Wągrowiec]], Lekno (where the first cistersian monastery on polish territorries was erected), Owinska - all three north-east of Poznań and Przemet, Obra and Wielen in the south-west part of the region, nearby [[Wolsztyn]]. Another monastery was placed in Lad - 70 kms east of Poznan, just next to motorway A2.
Another thing interesting for history-lovers can be the Greater-Poland part of the Cistersian Route. In the region the main places on the route are : [[Wagrowiec]], Lekno (where the first cistersian monastery on polish territorries was erected), Owinska - all three north-east of Poznan and Przemet, Obra and Wielen in the south-west part of the region, nearby [[Wolsztyn]]. Another monastery was placed in Lad - 70 kms east of Poznan, just next to motorway A2.More info about Cistersian in Greater Poland (in English) : [http://szlakcysterski.org/?zmien_jezyk=en]
==Do==
Greater Poland has a lot to offer for all train-lovers. First : the regions owes the steam-engine depot in [[Wolsztyn]], which is the only one operating in Poland. More : daily there are several regular courses (so not tourist trains) from Wolsztyn to {{[[Poznań]] aln [[Leszno]]. More (in English) : [http://www.parowozowniawolsztyn.pl/home/lang/en]
The railways marked above are owned by SKPL company, which is the first private rail operator in Poland. More informations (Polish only) can be found :[http://www.skpl.kalisz.pl/main.shtml]. Both SKPL and other operators can organise (on request) special trains for groups.
 
Another thing to do is active tourism, which is very easy to do in the region. Greater Poland is known very well for its network of cycle trails :
* The One-Hundred-Lakes Trails leading from Poznań north west to the Miedzychod-Sierakow Lake District
* The Piast Trails from Poznań through [[Ostrów Lednicki]], [[Gniezno]] to Mogilno and to Kruszwica in the neighbouring Kujawy region.
* The trans-wielkopolska trail from the northernmost parts of the region nortf of Pila to Poznań
* The trans-wielkopolska trail from Poznań, through Jarocin, [[Gołuchów]], [[Kalisz]] to picturesque Ostrzeszow Hills in the south of Greater Poland
* The Nobility trail – linking many preserved palaces of nobility families in the central and southern parts of the region, starting in Mosina (18km south of Poznań) leadind south through [[Leszno]] to Rawicz
* The Amber trail – linking touristic places in the east of Wielkopolska from [[Kalisz]] to [[Konin]]
* The Warta trail – from Poznań more or less exactly along Warta river to the south and east, ending in [[Koło]]
 
==Eat==
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{{isInIsPartOf|Wielkopolskie_VoivodshipPoland}}
[[Wikipedia:Greater Poland]]
 
 
 
[[de:Großpolnische Seenplatte]]
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