Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba is the capital of the Santiago de Cuba province in south-eastern Cuba.
Santiago is the second city of Cuba, and the birthplace of the current government. Fidel Castro and others launched their revolutionary movement from here in 1953 with the attack to the garrison named "Cuartel Moncada".
Sierra Maestra  is the local periodical.
There are several flights per day to Santiago de Cuba from Havana on Cubana and Aerogaviota.
A taxi to/from the airport to the city centre should cost 10 CUC.
There is a daily overnight train to/from Havana with stops in Camagüey and Santa Clara. This service is the Tren Francés on alternate days, which is more reliable and comfortable than other Cuban trains. There is a daytime train to Camagüey and Santa Clara on Thursdays and Sundays, returning on Mondays and Fridays. Local train service to Holguin has been suspended due to poor track conditions.
Four daily Viazul  buses run to/from Havana, with some stopping in Sancti Spiritus, Camagüey, and Santa Clara. There are also daily buses to/from Baracoa, Trinidad and Varadero. Many of these buses also pass through Holguin and Bayamo. From the east there are two daily Viazul buses from Baracoa, stopping along the way in Guantanamo.
Thanks to Cuba's relatively low traffic, and the compactness of the the city centre, Santiago is easily walkable. Nevertheless, it can be searingly hot (which is why you won't see many people out on the streets in the middle of the day), and the city is very hilly so stay hydrated, and don't overestimate your own energy levels.
Taxis can be easily found around most of the major plazas in the city.
Parque Cespedes. One of the main plazas in the city. It is ringed by impressive buildings, spanning from the colonial Casa de Diego Velazquez to the Ayuntamiento (City Hall) from whose balcony Fidel Casto proclaimed the triumph of the Revolution in January 1959.
Museo del Ron (Rum Museum), Bartolomé Masó No 358. A small museum in an attractive old house with displays (in Spanish) on the history of rum and sugarcane production in Cuba and its importance to the country, a walk through the rum-making process and a shot of Santiago de Cuba rum. 2 CUC admission.
Plaza de Marte Another large plaza, with monuments and pergolas. It becomes quite animated on weekend nights, especially when there is live music or a festival going on.
Balcón de Velázquez, at the corner of Bartolomé Masó & Mariano Corona. A balcony with lovely views over the city and the bay (only slightly tainted by the smokestacks rising from the harbor). Entrance is free but there is a 1CUC charge if you want to take pictures.
Cementerio de Santa Ifigenia, a cemetery where you can visit tumbs of famous Cubans, such as the independentist leader José Martí, the guitarist Compay Segundo and, of course, Fidel Castro.
If you want to learn Spanish during your stay in Santiago de Cuba you can take an Intensive Spanish course from one week up to four weeks. The classes are held 4 hours per day and give you the opportunity to improve your Spanish quickly during a short time period.
Cubans often sell souvenirs at stands.Rum is sold at the airport as are cigars. Some people will sell souvenirs in the airport.
Paladar "Salon Tropical." One of the best place to eat in Santiago.
St. Pauli Although the restaurant is named after a German football club, and has several German words painted in the colourful corridor leading in from the front door, it's difficult to detect any German influence in the menu, which has a selection of Cuban staples such as Ropa Vieja, and lots of seafood options. A starter, main and cocktail can easily be had for 10 CUC.
Hotel Casagranda Drinks on the 6th floor roof top give you a spectacular view of the city at night.
The city is very safe with low crime due to the effectiveness of the police in Cuba. Don't flash your money around to avoid drawing attention to yourself.If driving watch out for goats and other livestock in the road as they often cross without hesitation.Some people may invite you to a restraunt and leave the bill charge you for a service you didn't ask for or just beg for money locally known as jineteros and jineteras will be the causes of most of your trouble however there is no need to fear them. Do not be critical of the revolution people in Santiago are especially defensive of the revolution so to avoid arguments do not say anything negative about the revolution or Fidel Castro.