San Juan is a province in the Cuyo region, the western part of Argentina. It borders with Chile to the west.
The city of San Juan de la Frontera was founded in 1562. It is nowadays San Juan, which is the capital of the province.
This is land of earthquakes and several destroying and fatal earthquakes occurred in 1944 and 1977.
It is possible from San Juan to take destination to the various Chilean directions awaiting on the other side of the Andes. The trip goes through the Agua Negra pass and it is one of the highest border crossings in the Andes (about 4,784 meters).
San Juan province is the Land of the Sun with the Andes in the West and valleys at the bottom, Pampas other side, what creates the unique landscape around. The soil itself is clay-rich red, crossed by the few rivers as Jachal, Blanco and San Juan. The province boasts by the Mount Mercedario, one of the highest peaks in America.
- San Juan Airport (Domingo Faustino Sarmiento Airport), RN20 Km 12, San Jose, San Juan, Argentina (14km from San Juan), ☎ +54 264 425 4133, . San Juan Airport IATA Code: UAQ. Airport is located 15 kilometers from the city in the Department 9 de Julio, more precisely in the village of Las Chacritas carried that name until recently. This airport serves the airlift from San Juan was the city of Buenos Aires. ("31°34'18.70"S","68°25'23.00"W") edit
The optimal bus search is on website.
- Provincial Ischigualasto Park, J5449 Villa San Agustín, San Juan, with various geological formations and dinosaurus relic. Ischigualasto name means “land without the life”.
- El Leoncito National Park protecting pampa biodiversity also paleontological sites including the Inca roads.
- San Guillermo National Park protects the biodiversity of barren desert, grasslands and several wetlands located in the high, arid Andes.
- Leoncito Astronomical Complex is located in El Leoncito National Park. It was established in 1983.
- Ruta 40. The province is crossed by mythical Ruta 40. The highway takes beginning from the far north to the southernmost tip of Argentina and goes through the desert plains and lush vineyards, passes by the crystal lakes, glaciers and the peaks of the Andes Mountains. The 5224 kilometer route connects La Quiaca in northern Argentina with the southern town of Rio Gallegos. The road trip goes through 11 provinces, 20 national parks, 18 major rivers, 27 passes on the Andes.
The main attractions in this area are hiking, trekking, climbing, horseback riding, mountain biking, skiing. Very popular are visiting tours to the bodegas, because of the wine producing activity of the region.
Festival of the Sun is the most important event there. The Feast pays tribute to the Sun, which associates with this wonderful land. The feast symbolizes the end and beginning of the annual cycle with the arrangements at the last decade of June.
Local cuisine is based on the growth of all kinds of cereals, grains, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables. Meat products have been prevalent in the country since the ancient times.
San Juan Province is a second province in the volume of wine production at the national level and South America.
The region is famous by varieties of red wine like as Bonarda, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Malbec, Syrah, which are intense in aroma, flavor and offer excellent structure. White wines also are of rich expression such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Torrontés or Viognier.
Also this region produces very high quality sweet wines of Moscatel de Alejandría, Torrontés, Chenin Blanc and Pedro Ximénez varieties.