Salzburg, (German: Salzburg or Salzburgerland, lit. Salt castle) is one of the smaller provinces of Austria. Composing of an area of about 7,100 km², there are only 500,000 people. Most of the area is covered by the Alps, only the northern part is flat. There you can find the largest city and capital of the state Salzburg. The most important forms of income are tourism and agriculture. The Arts are an important part of the Salzburger tradition: home to Mozart, the annual Salzburg Festival, and the mystery play Jedermann (Everyman). Salzburg province also shares much of its rural regional and provincial culture with neighboring Bavaria and Tyrol. This makes it a wonderful place to experience both the high culture of the Mozart era and the true alpine Austrian culture at its purest.
Salzburg is serviced by the OEBB or Austrian Federal Rail Service
Take the Cable car (or walk up!) up to the Festung Salzburg (Salzburg Castle) for a guided tour of the castle offering outstanding 360 degree views of the surrounding countryside as far the over the German border.
Numerous Sound of Music tours  are also available as are a variety of coach group tours of various regional sights.
The region is famous for its Alpine Lakes, so do be sure to check them out including the Mondsee near Salzburg City made famous by the "Sound of Music".
Probably the best address to eat original Austrian food at an adequate price is the restaurant "Goldener Stern" in the Getreidegasse, the former home of W. A. Mozart. It´s the only restaurant which is easy to find and where nobody will try to make you waste your money for junk food. The waiters and waitresses are nice and friendly. Here you can enjoy "Salzburger Nockerln" as well as "Topfenstrudel". If you like to eat for dinner or lunch you won´t be disappointed as well. The atmosphere of the restaurant is beautiful. In the middle of it´s garden full of trees and flowers there´s an old Austrian stagecoach where children can play.