Salem (West Virginia)
Salem is a rural Appalachian community in West Virginia.
The first habitation by white settlers was a hunter's camp established by Nicholas Carpenter in 1785, who used it for a hunting and trapping center. He also used it for a sort of crude hotel for himself and his men who drove cattle from Clarksburg to the Ohio River at Marietta, OH, which was the nearest market.
Samuel Fitz Randolph purchased the property on which the village was founded in 1790. He has started with a caravan of pioneer settlers from Salem, NJ, who crossed the mountains in 1789. The settlers came on to what is now Salem, after a year and one-half trek from the sea coast. They arrived in the spring of 1792. The community was originally known as New Salem. Two years later, in 1794, the community was incorporated. Salem was the first settlement of the Seventh Day Baptists west of the Alleghenies.
Today Fort New Salem is a frontier log settlement that provides visitors with a living history, outdoor museum that takes its visitors into an by gone era when work and leisure activities reflected the values and traditions of the community and the Appalachian culture of her people. The settlement is surrounded by tree-covered hills. Each Fall when the beauty of the mountains put on a spectacular display as the leaves paint the landscape folks flock to the Salem Apple Butter Festival, Many fraternal and non-profit groups vie for the best Apple Butter award. On-going entertainment, talent show, beauty pageant, arts & crafts and food.
By the 1870s, the town was more frequently being called "Salem" than "New Salem", as the separation of West Virginia from Virginia in 1863 had diminished the need to distinguish it from the town named Salem near Roanoke. The US Postal Service made the change official in 1884. Salem was incorporated by the state of West Virginia on 25 February 1905.
Salem International University Originally Salem College received its charter from the State of West Virginia in December 1888 and offered its first term of instruction beginning in April 1889. Individuals in the Salem, West Virginia community founded Salem College. While the institution was closely associated for many years with the Seventh Day Baptist Church, Salem College was never sectarian in its teaching or in its administration. In June 2005, Salem Education LLC assumed control of SIU and began strengthening the university’s programs and operations, developing new programs of study and improving the university’s facilities and infrastructure. Today SIU remains committed to its international mission with courses offered on campus and via distance education.
Salem has a history of large fires. The same full city block has burned down twice in the city's history. The north side of Main Street downtown burned once in 1901 and again on March 2, 2006. The more recent fire burned the old city bank building, several store fronts, and several residences; five structures in all were damaged. The fire was determined to have been started by a hot water tank in an apartment. The fire departments' ability to put out the blaze was hampered by a limited city water supply; they were forced to draw water from the nearby creek.
The Salem College Administration Building and Salem Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The closest airport serving nearby Clarksburg:
From nearby Clarksburg, West Virginia there is bus service into Salem and out of Salem with connections to many other major cities with the following Public Services.
The North Bend Rail-Trail is a multi-use recreational trail operated by the West Virginia State Park system. The 72 mile trail was formerly the main line of the B&O (later CSX) railway. The NBRT covers 72 miles from near I-77 outside Parkersburg WV in Wood County to Wolf Summit WV in Harrison County. It is part of the 5,500 mile coast-to-coast American Discovery Trail. The NBRT passes through 10 tunnels and crosses 38 bridges. Easily accessible from north/south interstates 77 and 79, the trail roughly parallels US Route 50 east and west.
Although there are many trails that are paved, the North Bend Rail Trail remains just as it was intended to be: a crushed-limestone trail. This gives users a unique hike, bicycle outing or horseback ride in the great outdoors. No motorized vehicles are allowed on the trail. Areas in some towns are blacktopped, but once you get out of town, you experience the country path much as it was when the steam engines roared through.
Barber Shop Beauty Salon