Saharan Mauritania is a region of Mauritania.
This region makes up the northern two-thirds of the country. Picture-perfect Saharan dunes are the main attraction.
Rain usually falls during the hivernage, which lasts from July to September. Often, isolated storms drop large amounts of water in short periods of time. A year, or even several years, may pass without any rain in some locations. Diurnal variations in temperature may be extreme, although annual variations are minimal. During December and January, temperatures range from an early morning low of 0°C to a mid-afternoon high of 38°C. During May, June, and July, temperatures range from 16°C in the morning to more than 49°C by afternoon. Throughout the year, the harmattan often causes blinding sandstorms.
Arabic is the main language of the region, and is almost universally understood. Tamasheq is also spoken, especially outside of the region's major locales, but it's speakers are usually also fluent in Arabic. French is not as common in Saharan Mauritania and generally speaking, the farther south or west one travels, the larger the chance of encountering a French speaker.