Saharan Libya is the southern and largely desert region of Libya.
As with most of North Africa, Arabic remains the most useful language. Arabic is less predominant in Saharan Libya, where Touareg and Tebou are the local languages, but many speak Arabic. It is also possible to find people who speak English, French and Italian, although this is rare outside of major cities and especially uncommon among the rural people. It is also possible to encounter the Berber language, but the majority of Berber speakers are concentrated in the Libya's northwest region.
Saharan Libya features some of the hottest temperatures on earth, so water is often the drink of choice in the region. Bottled water is preferable, but Libyan water is good by African standards, but falls short of Western regulations. Tea and coffee are common in the region. The coffee is usually Turkish, black and unsweetened. Coffee drinks like espresso and cappuccino which can be found in the north are less common in the Saharan region. Green and "red" tea is popular. It is often sweetened and sometimes served with mint. Alcohol is prohibited in Libya, but it is not difficult to find. In Saharan Libya, Western alcohol is more difficult to find than in the north, but it is not impossible. In the Saharan region much of the alcohol is homemade. Moonshine is common, as is date wine and to a lesser extent, palm wine. Penalties for alcohol sale and possession are harsh, but law enforcement can be sparse in the Saharan region. Still it is advisable to consume alcohol in private to avoid trouble.
The largest danger to travelers in Saharan Libya is on the road. Traffic accidents are unfortunately common in Libya and vehicles often lack safety features commonly found in Europe and North America. In the Saharan region emergency services are sparse and wait times for assistance are long. Roads are often poorly maintained, many are not paved as well. Sandstorms can often obscure visibility and cover roads; making travel impossible. Another road risk is camels. Camels often cross roads, especially at night and can do substantial damage to most vehicles and their occupants. An important part of road safety in Saharan Libya is to avoid driving at night, when visibility is low and many drivers do not use headlights or possess substandard ones. A final road safety point is to always carry extra fuel, water and food. This is to mitigate the effects of a breakdown in a remote area, which can be extremely dangerous.
Terrorism and armed conflict are also prevalent in the region, and many insurgents are based in rural regions, therefore it is strongly recommended to travel in a convoy outside of urban areas. This also deters road banditry and carjacking.
Travel to the border areas between Libya and Chad is hazardous due to conflict as is the border between Libya and Egypt.