The Sabine Hills is an area just north of Rome in Lazio in Italy. Perhaps most famous because its population fell victim to the “Rape of the Sabine women” by Rome, the hills have some interesting small towns. The area has an excellent web site in English. 
The Rape is supposed to have occurred in the early days of Rome. Seeking wives, the Romans negotiated unsuccessfully with the Sabines, who populated the area, but met with refusal. Romulus then organized a festival and invited many from the surrounding tribes, including the Sabines. At the festival Romulus gave a signal, at which the Romans grabbed the Sabine women and fought off the Sabine men.
By car from Rome take the A1 Autostrada to Fiano Romano. Just before the pay station leave the Autostrada and take the SS4 in the direction of Rieti. After around 15 km turn left at Passo Corese, following the signs to Fara in Sabina. Alternatively, continue along the A1 to Magliano Sabina and head from there in a general southeast direction.
There are trains from Rome Tiburtina and Rome Ostiense stations to the main towns.
A car is pretty much necessary to explore the area.