Plönlein a former marketplace, on the left side the Siebers Gate on the right the Kobolzeller Gate
Rothenburg ob der Tauber  (or Rothenburg odT or just Rothenburg) is a town on the Romantic Road in Bavaria, Germany, about halfway in between Frankfurt and Munich.
The name comes from the German words rot (red) and burg (burgh, medieval fortified settlement) and means 'red fortress above the Tauber river'.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber is known for its medieval center (Altstadt), seemingly untouched by the passage of time, encircled by the undamaged 14th century town wall. In the Middle Ages, Rothenburg was a free imperial city, reaching its apex of prosperity under Bürgermeister Heinrich Toppler in the 15th century with a large population of 6,000 - much larger than Frankfurt and Munich at that time. Now Rothenburg is a small town and a big tourist attraction.
The nearest airports:
- Nuremberg Airport (40.4 miles / 65.1 kilometers)
- Stuttgart Airport (64.7 miles / 104.1 kilometers)
If you are taking a train, make sure you are buying a right ticket to Rothenburg ob der Tauber. There are several other Rothenburg in Germany. The train station itself is east of the town wall, about a 15 min walk to the center Market Square (Marktplatz) of the historic center.
Travelling by bus around Germany.
If you are going by car and want to reach Rothenburg quickly, take autobahn A 7 and exit 108. From there on Rothenburg is well marked via Ansbacher Straße.
- Walking you will get from one end of town to the other in about 15 min.
- Driving is unnecessary and at times impossible; it is best to park the car outside the old city walls and walk.
- Rothenburg is popular with „big bus“ tour groups, especially in the summer. Therefore, it is advisable to see the town in the morning or the evening, when the bus crowds no there.
Town hall and Market square
Klingentor, one of the gates to the city
- Church of St. Jacob (St. Jakobskirche), Klostergasse 15, north of the Market Square, contains a 16th century masterpiece by the famous Würzburg sculptor Tilman Riemenschneider.
- Filming destination. The spectacular-looking town couldn’t be left unused for filming, so Rothenburg has appeared in several fantastic films.
- Gerlachschmiede, Wenggasse 50, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber. It is an old forge with a cute triangular gable on a porch held up by wooden beams. It was rebuilt after the war.
- German Christmas Museum, Herrngasse 1, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber. Tel. +49 986 140 9365 . Enjoy the permanent exhibition of Christmas subjects between 1870 and 1950.
- Market Square (Marktplatz) is the center of urban life in Rothenburg. The square is framed on the west by the Town Hall (Rathaus), on the north by the Councillors' Tavern (Ratstrinkstube) with its tourist information center, on the east by shops and cafés, and on the south by St. George's Fountain.
- Medieval Crime Museum (Kriminalmuseum), Burggasse 3-5, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber. Tel. +49 9861 5359 . It is just south of Market Square, is full of examples of torture equipment and is not for the faint-hearted.
- Plönlein. This historical landmark is a few blocks south of the Market Square, offers a charming medieval sight. Standing at the right point, you can see two towers: on the left, more or less straight ahead, is the Siebers Tower (Siebersturm) dating from 1385, and down on the right, from the Tauber valley, is the Kobolzell Gate (Kobolzeller Tor) dating from 1360. These two access roads form a small triangular square, which is Plönlein. The Plönlein is often referred to as one of the most photographed spots in Germany.
- Rothenburg Museum, Klosterhof 5, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, +49 986 193 9043  with the weapon and municipal collections.
- Town Hall Tower (Rathausturm) built in 13th century at the center of the Altstadt offers the best view from the 50m height. It takes 241 steps to get up. The tower does not have a foundation of its own: it rests on top of the gable of the Gothic building. The front part of the Town Hall, a Renaissance building, was built in the 16th century. It is free of charge to enter the Town Hall (Rathaus).
- Town Wall encircles the city, giving the Altstadt the shape of a head, with the nose - the Castle Garden - pointing west. The existing town wall was built in the 14th century, was partially damaged in World War II, and restored through gifts from donors from around the world (see plaques on the wall). The Wall is about 2.5 km (1.5 mi) long and covered, with several towers and entrances at the gates. One of the easiest points of access to get up to the sentry wall is just south of Siebers Tower (Siebersturm). The entry is free and offers a good vantage point to see the town.
- Biking, Rad und Tat, Bensenstraße 17, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, ☎ +49 986 187 984, . See the town cycling the streets of Rothenburg. edit
- Town Wall tour. The best stretch of the wall to walk is from the massive 16th century Spitaltor (go through the Siebersturm to the southern tip of the Spitalgasse) to the Klingentor, completed around 1400, at the northern tip of the wall. This takes about a half-hour if you don't stop. Offers excellent views and photographic opportunities. edit
- Walking tours. Both tours are in English and leave from Market Square. The tourist office tours are 90 min and run from April to October and December daily at 14:00. The 60 min Night Watchman's tour runs nightly mid-March to December at 20:00. edit
- Rothenburg ob der Tauber events, . It is the best organizer of your interests. edit
- Chronos-Nostalgiebilder, Milchmarkt 4 (just by the Markus Tower), ☎ +49 9861 918 9821. Funny Souvenirs. You can dress up in a Medieval or rococo costume and pick up the photo at once. edit
- Georg Schopf, Galgengasse 1-3. This shop sells both souvenirs from cuckoo clocks to drinking glasses and antiques such as paintings. edit
- Käthe Wohlfahrt - Weihnachtsdorf, Herrngasse 1, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, ☎ +49 800 409 0150, . A somewhat touristy shop in three floors underground where one can buy Christmas decorations during the whole year. edit
- The Friese Shop, Grüner Markt 7, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber. edit
If you plan to stay in Rothenburg for a few days, keep in mind that the restaurants cater to the daily bus tours. This means that you should try to get in to eat dinner by 20:00 - especially in the low season, because few places are open much later than 22:00.
- Baumeisterhaus Inh. Dieter Neupert, Obere Schmiedgasse 3, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber (just south of Marktplatz), ☎ +49 986 194 700, . It is housed in a Renaissance styled residence built in 1596 by the Master Builder. edit
- Louvre, Klingengasse 15, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Taube, ☎ +49 986 1875 5125. Snack bar edit
- Ratsstube, Marktpl. 6, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, ☎ +49 986 15511, . A true tavern atmosphere. edit
- Zur Höll, Burggasse 8, . Guesthaus in a 1100 year old building edit
- Einzigartig, Galgengasse 33, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, ☎ +49 986 1938 6291, . Cafe edit
- Gaststätte Unter den Linden, Kurze Steige 7B, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, ☎ +49 9861 5909, . A cafe-bar at the Tauber river. Located in A-1 on the map above. It is quite the hike down and up, but the beer is nice and cold. edit
- Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Heugasse 8, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, ☎ +49 986 186 160. Rockcafe edit
- Altfränkische Weinstube, Klosterhof 7, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, ☎ +49 9861 6404. On Wednesday nights at 20:00, the English Speakers' Club meets. All are welcome. edit
- Gasthof Goldener Greifen, Obere Schmiedgasse 5, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber (just south of Marktplatz), ☎ +49 9861 2281, . Former home of Bürgermeister Toppler. edit
- Gotisches Haus, Herrngasse 13, ☎ +49 9861 2020 (fax: +49 9861 1317), . Historik Hotel is situated right behind the Market Square and the Christmas shops. edit
- Gundel, Bockenfelder Str. 1, 91610 Insingen (7 km (4.5 mi) south of Rothenburg in the village of Lohr), ☎ +49 9861 2716. Pension edit
- Spitzweg, Paradeisgasse 2, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber (Right near the Roder Gate), ☎ +49 986 194 290. Hotel of 16th century with 10 rooms. A hearty German breakfast gets you going in the morning. Mr. Hocher is a great source of sight-seeing advice and he is always looking for a worthy chess opponent. edit
- Rothenburg Tourismus Service, Marktpl. 2, 91541 Rothenburg ob der Tauber, ☎ +49 986 140 4800, . edit
- Romantic Road. If you prefer a more scenic drive, take the Romantic Road (Romantische Straße) into the town. From Würzburg, head south on the Romantische Straße starting on federal road B 19 to Bad Mergentheim. Continue on to Creglingen and Detwang until you reach Rothenburg. If you are driving north, you will come up federal road B 25 from Dinkelsbuhl.
- Nuremberg - features a delightful castle, old town, and the nazi party rally grounds.
- Würzburg - a university town with an impressive palace.
- Nördlingen - a beautiful medieval town in a meteorite crater surrounded by a 14th century wall.