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Panoramic view of the Rhine Fall near Schaffhausen and environment.
The parts of the Rhine River

The Rhine River spans Central Europe and Western Europe. It flows through or along the borders of Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, France and The Netherlands. It is a major navigation way and played an important role in history and culture of Europe.


The Rhine is commonly divided into the following parts:

  1. Rhine Valley (Alpenrhein) – from Graubünden to Bodensee
    Ruinaulta (Rheinschlucht) – canyon created by the Vorderrhein.
  2. Lake Constance (Bodensee)
  3. High Rhine (Hochrhein) — from Bodensee to Basel in Switzerland
    Rhine Falls (Rheinfall) near Schaffhausen.
  4. Upper Rhine (Oberrhein) — between Basel and Bingen / Rüdesheim, Germany
  5. Middle Rhine Valley (Mittelrheintal) — the most famous and scenic part of the Rhine between Bingen and Bonn, with countless wineries and the famous Loreley rock
  6. Lower Rhine (Niederrhein) — from Bonn and Cologne into the Ruhr, then splitting into a vast delta that covers much of the Netherlands