Reserva de la Biósfera Calakmul
Mexico's Reserva de la Biósfera de Calakmul, located in the state of Campeche in Mexico's Yucatán Peninsula. With more than 720,000 hectares under protection, it is Mexico's largest intact tropical forest.
Indigienous peoples who live in and around the reserve are involved in agriculture, raising cattle, forestry, and the harvest of chiclet gum. Principal crops include maize, beans, calabaza, and chile peppers. Farmers also raise bees for honey, and the honey from this region is especially prized.
UnderstandMost of the biodiversity of Earth is in the tropics, and the purpose of the reserve is to conserve an entire ecosystem of jungle and tropical forest. Calakmul has a huge variety of species: around 250 species of trees, 500 species of butterflies, more than 30 species of amphibians, more than 100 species of reptiles, more than 280 species of birds, and more than 100 of mammals. Approximately half of these species are endangered or threatened to a degree that the require environmental protection.
Flora and fauna
Species in danger of extinction include the saraguato monkey, the spider monkey, viejo de monte, ocelot, tigrillo, jaguar, tapir, pato real, zopilote rey, and two species of eagle. Threatened species include a half dozen mammals, such as el puercoesp�n, gris�n, jaguarundi, oso hormiguero; two dozen birds such as the Tucan, the green Parrot, the Yucatan Parrot, the loro ramonero (loro means parrot, but I'm not sure what this one is?), hocofais�n y varias especies de aves rapaces; algunos reptiles, como la salamanquesa, boa, y varias especies de snakes; y algunas plantas como el chech�n blanco, guayac�n negro y el granadillo.
The reserve has a moist climate with rains in summer. Temperatures average 24–28°C (75–83°F). Annual precipitation is 1000–1500 mm (40–60 inches).
Nearby towns include Zoh Laguna and Xpujil. The southern Yucatan is traversed by a well-maintained, paved highway, Mexico's Federal Route 186, but most roads in the reserve itself are seasonal tracks, passable only in the dry season and with a proper vehicle.
One of the most impressive Maya sites in Yucatan, the second highest pyramid after El Mirador (Guatemala). Very nice ruins in the jungle. Monkeys, deers, and other animals can be seen. An under-rated site to be discovered. The only problem is the lack of accommodation. If you don't bring a tent, the closest accommodation is +/- 50km away. Bring tons of repellent, mosquitoes are very aggressive there.
RIO BEC DREAMS at Xpujil is a good place to stay, which is on highway 186. It is half a hour drive to the intersection of 186 and the road into the Biosfera, and from the intersection it is a 60~90 min drive on the jungle road (paved)to the ruins. Rustic BUNGALOW or cabin,don't expect 3 star hotel room. It was very comfortable and convenient. Owner Diane is very friendly and knowledgeable. They also have the best food around the area.
Yaax'Che is a campground in the jungle inside the National Park, 7km of the Road 186 and another 500 metres of the paved road to the archaeological zone of Calakmul. If you travel low-budget you better bring your own tent or hammock ($85/night) and food. You can also rent a hammock ($120/night). Tents with mattresses are available ($265/person). They also serve meals (breakfast: 85$, lunch or dinner: 95$). Conditions are rather basic without water, electricity, internet or cooking facilitities. Bring a torch to find the toilet at night. Nevertheless, you will sleep save and dry. There are two restaurants on the Road 186 in the nearest village 2km west of the entrance but they are not cheaper. There is a watch tower and a walking trail. You can get off the bus and walk from the mainroad to the campground, but you still need transport to the ruins, another 52km further south. (prices Nov'16)