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Rainbow Mountains

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Rainbow Mountains

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The Rainbow Mountains or Vinicunca is a mountain near Cusco in Peru, located near the Ausangate.


Vinicunca or Rainbow mountain is a place near the Ausangate. The mountains are are partly formed of colorful sediments, which give the site a unique and surreal look. The mountain itself can only be accessed by foot or horse. From the nearest road, there's a trail leading up, which takes about three hours to walk. Including the three hours drive from Cusco, it takes around six hours in total to reach the top. You can find the trail in Open Streetmap and it's well marked and easy to follow, even if you're not going with a guide. If in doubt, just follow the hordes of tourists.

view from the lookout

Although there are a few people living in small villages around the place, it was only discovered for tourism in 2015. The first guided tours were available in January 2016, but by now most of the agencies in Cusco offer one day trips and the place is on its way to a becoming a major tourist a attraction. On popular days (especially weekends) the site can get real crowded, with several hundred people climbing to the top at the same time. Be aware that the lookout itself, from where you get the best views of the actual Rainbow Mountain and it's surroundings, is just a small hill that fills pretty quickly. All guided tours reach the top at about the same time, so while there's not much people around most of the time, there's a lot around noon. If you want to make sure to get some time for yourself, the only way is going by yourself or spending the night around the area.

Since the region is getting more and more popular, it is especially important not to leave any rubbish (including human waste: there's toilets along the way, so use them). Try to stay on the path and don't walk on the Rainbow Mountain itself (there's some kind of fence around it) to preserve this site for future generations.

As with many of Peru's hiking routes the exact location and directions are difficult to find. Here are the coordinates for Rainbow Mountain:-13.869444, -71.303056

Get in[edit]

The trailhead is a three hours drive from Cusco, with the last third being a narrow dirt road. There are several ways to get this quite remote place:

  • By public transport: While people have made it there by using busses and collectivos, you will probably need to take a taxi for the last bit and there's always the chance of getting stuck somewhere along the way. It is possible, but probably quite tricky.
  • By rental car: If you got your own or rented vehicle, you can drive there by yourself. You can find the place in open streetmap, so an offline navigation app such as or OSMand might come in handy. Although the last hour is by dirt road, you don't need a 4WD and there's some spots for parking (although they might be crowded by the vans of the agencies).
sunset at vinicunca
  • Take a guided tour: Although this place is still fresh, you can already book day trips with most agencies in Cusco. They will pick you up early in the morning around 3 or 4 o'clock. It's a three hours ride with a breakfast stop somewhere along the way (usually eggs, bread, jam, butter and tea are served). Once there you can walk up at your own pace (you don't really need the guide, you can't get lost) and will spend, depending on your speed and the exact timetable of your tour, around 30-40 mins at the top to take some pictures. After descending you will leave at around 2 or 3 p.m. (again with a stop for lunch somewhere along the way) and be back in Cusco at around six in the evening. Although it's definitely the easiest way of getting in, some people are disappointed about not having too much time at the actual site. Be aware that there are several offers online, which are mostly overpriced. It is probably best and cheapest to book the trip directly in Cusco, since that gives you the chance to bargain and compare prices. The whole trip costs around S./70 - S./110. Some agencies include the entrance ticket (s/10 for foreigners) into the price, some don't. It is also possible to negotiate the price if book the tour without food. Do not pay extra s/10 for the guide to the Red Valley as you can easily reach it from the top independently, and it will take around 15-20 min one-way. Looking for a premium tour, some are offering small group experiences with english guides.
  • Go with an agency: If you're up for some adventure, some agencies will also agree just to take you there and pick you up again one or more days later. Just ask around the Av. de Sol in Cusco, I found several that agreed just to provide transport, without guide or food. This should cost you around S./50 - S./80, depending on the agency. This is probably the easiest and cheapest way to spend more time at the site without all the hassle of the public transport option, also making sure that you arrive early in the morning, thus giving you the whole day to explore the area. here you have one of them
  • Do a Trekking tour: It is also possible to do this trip as part of the Ausangate Trek. While the original trek will normally not cross this place, it is possible to do a detour. Ask a local guide or talk to an agency who are experts and can provide tourist information. There are option is from less than one hour to one over two and more days of hiking and camping in the mountains. Companies offering these treks can be found online.

Get around[edit]

The only way of getting up is walking, which takes about three hours. You can also rent a horse from the villagers, which is S./40 one way, S./70 for the return trip. Since the first part is rather flat, people will follow you with horses waiting for you to get tired along the way, so normally you can also rent one if you're already half way up. Be aware that when it gets crowded (especially on weekends), there might not be enough horses for all the people.

See[edit][add listing]

The breathtaking landscape, loads of alpacas and some wild vicunas (if you're lucky). There's some small villages, and the people there still live in their traditional way of life, including colorful dresses.

Most people return after taking a photo at the Rainbow Mountain, but if you walk further in for another 15 min, there is another valley worth checking out. The Red Valley, or Valle Rojo, has way fewer tourists but equally breathtaking. Your guide may ask for additional fee to bring you there. Note that a few locals ‘guard’ the access to the valley and charge an additional PEN $5 for the ‘entrance fee’.

Do[edit][add listing]

If you have time, there's a lot opportunities of walking around and exploring the area. There's not much vegetation, so you can't really get lost, although bringing a GPS device might be a good idea.

Eat[edit][add listing]

There's not much there, but some of the villagers will sell you some snacks. If you want to stay more than one day, you should definitely bring you own food.

Drink[edit][add listing]

There is a small stream you can use for water, but make sure to purify it before drinking, since there are many horses and alpacas around and they leave waste everywhere. Also be aware that you will find less water the higher you go, so don't rely on it and always carry a sufficient supply. In the village you can buy bottled water and some soft drinks from the villagers.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

There's no place to stay yet, but you can find plenty of space for a tent. Make sure to ask the people in the village first, although they might ask for some money (be aware that none of them has a job, so they live mainly from raising alpacas and even a few Soles can make a real difference to them). If you don't want to camp just wait a while, there's gonna be a hostel someday.

Stay safe[edit]

Be aware of the high altitude of more than 5000 meters. Make sure to acclimatize sufficiently before the trip. Also the weather can change rapidly (as everywhere in the mountains). While it can get hot at daytime, nights can be freezing cold, snow is not unusual. Also the place is really remote, with the only way of getting up being walking or taking a horse. Especially if you go independently, make sure to bring proper equipment, water and food.

Get out[edit]

Same as get in, easiest is booking the trip with an agency. FlashpackerConnect offers day and multi-day treks in the region.