Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.It features rugged rocky coastlines, dense forests, fun cities, mountains, deep canyons, and desert in the southeastern part of the state.
If driving in Oregon, be aware of a state law that does not allow self-service at gas stations. A gas station attendant must pump the gas. (Note: As of 2018, rural counties under 40,000 people allow you to pump your own gas, or at the very least offer it during overnight hours.)
Also, be aware that the name of the state is pronounced "Ore'-gun" or "OR-ih-gun"; Rather than 'or-eh-GONE' (it hasn't "gone" anywhere!")
The four largest commercial passenger airports in Oregon are:
Portland International is served non-stop by most major airlines and by several international carriers. It is the only international port of entry for Oregon, with daily non-stops from Tokyo, Amsterdam, and a few Canadian cities. Delta  now offers a regular non-stop service to Portland from London Heathrow.
The three smaller airports are served non-stop by feeder lines to Portland and other regional hubs such as San Francisco, Seattle, Las Vegas, and Salt Lake City. Salem Airport no longer has passenger service.
In addition to Greyhound there are other companies operating buses to/from places not served by Greyhound Lines:
Oregon has two Interstate Highways:
Federal and state highways effectively serve the remainder of the state, arranged in a grid-like lattice, but warped by mountain ranges:
Oregon is one of two states in the U.S. (the other state being New Jersey) a gas attendant must serve gas for you. You cannot serve gas yourself by law. The speed limit along the interstates is generally 65 miles per hour (mph) except in the urban areas of interstate 5 where it is 55 mph. On highways it is generally 55 mph. For more details see Oregon Revised Statutes Chapter 811.111  and 810.180 .
Amtrak offers several ways to enter and travel throughout Oregon by train:
For more information, see Amtrak's website, Wikitravel's article Rail travel in the United States, or the Wikipedia pages on each of this train services.
The Oregon Coast is a premier destination for cycling, although traffic, narrow shoulders, heavy winds and rains, and windy roads make it dangerous. Nevertheless, many people cycle the entire Oregon Coast each year. In the summer months take Highway 101 north to south starting in Astoria through Lincoln City and onto Brookings to get breathtaking views of the Pacific Ocean. The prevailing winds will be at your back all summer long. For the seasoned cyclist head north in winter months as the winds are out of the SW at that time of year.
The Pacific Crest National Scenic Trail (which runs from Canada to Mexico) passes through Oregon along the Cascade Mountains. With almost no civilization along its route and very few highway crossings (four in the northern 150 miles of the trail), it is exceptional for experiencing nature while avoiding civilization.
Hundreds of species of birds and wildlife in Malheur National Wildlife Refuge.
Unlike most US states, Oregon has no sales tax. There is no tax included in posted prices and no tax is added at the till. This is worth bearing in mind if you're planning on making any large purchases during an interstate trip.
As with almost everywhere else in the U.S., the legal drinking and purchasing age of alcoholic beverages is 21. And as with many states, Oregon uses loopholes in the federal law to allow underage drinking. Underage drinking is allowed on private non-alcohol selling premises with parental presence and consent, as long as the parent or legal guardian is 21 or older. Sacramental wine can only be allowed for underage drinking as part of religious rite. Oregon also allows under age drinking exception for government related work (Exception can also apply to work for a non-government employer “for the purpose of investigating possible violations by [other] employees… of laws prohibiting sales of alcoholic beverages to persons who are under the age of 21 years”).
From the coastal hamlets to the valley cities to the remote towns of the high desert, Oregonians drink, and proudly. Because of the growing wine and microbrewery industries in the state which produce drink of world-class quality, having a tipple and touring beverage facilities is a popular pastime for Oregon residents and tourists alike. It is occasionally joked that one cannot throw a cat in the city of Portland without hitting a bar (though one shouldn't: the PETA people there can be touchy and rather humorless, especially regarding the hurling of cute little kitties), while most other towns of any appreciable size have at least two places in which one can imbibe. Yes, the drinking culture here is strong, and if you like to pickle your giblets then you'll be in heaven.
Oregon is an "Alcoholic Beverage Control State" and as such requires all distilled spirits to be sold by state-approved outlets. Because the liquor stores purchase their wares from the state at an inflated and heavily-taxed cost, liquor by the bottle or by the shot can run your booze bill up pretty quickly. Fortunately, Oregon has no shot size regulation (such as, say, Utah has) and many bars - especially in the Portland area - pour their drinks quite liberally; in fact, a literal three fingers of whiskey is not uncommon if you know the barkeep. Bottoms-up, but don't bottom out!
There are no "blue laws" concerning time of alcohol sales other than a daily 2:30-7:00 AM restriction, so if you like "kegs and eggs" for your Sunday breakfast, Oregon's your kind of place. Also, Oregon's alcohol laws are unitary within the state and are wholly overseen by the Oregon Liquor Control Comission (OLCC), so there's no need to worry about dry towns or dry counties.
Finally, bartenders in Oregon seem to be a bit more strict about checking ID than those in many other states. This likely due to the aforementioned OLCC, which is known to be nothing short of draconian when it comes to the enforcement of laws regarding the furnishing of alcohol to minors by service workers and punishment under the same. If you look under 30 (or even 40!), just hand them your ID card / passport before you order because they will ask for it. There is also a total indoor smoking ban in all places but cigar and hookah bars.
Oregon has a large number of local microbrews, and several breweries whose beverages are distributed outside the state. Most are happy to host guests for tastings, and many are accompanied by restaurants and gift shops.
In recent years, Oregon has become renown as an outstanding wine producing region in its own right, with a range of temperate climates that allow the production of vintages significantly different from neighboring vineyards and wineries in California. Oregon is particularly well-known for its distinguished Pinot Noirs, and is well-suited to grow Burgundian and Alsacian verietals. A diverse arrangement of climates, though, fosters a range of other grapes throughout the state.
Some of the larger, more well-known wineries and vineyards are:
Liquor in Oregon is sold in specifically-licensed stores (though supermarkets may still sell wine and beer). There are several well-known distilleries:
Information regarding Portland's Distillery Row can be found at http://www.distilleryrowpdx.com/ .
Oregonians are fanatically proud of the natural beauty of their state; littering or otherwise causing harm to the scenic beauty - including wildlife - found here is bound to draw attention to you that you probably do not want, up to and including that special type which only an officer of the law can give.
The rainy weather is also a pillar of Oregonian pride, and complaining about it or using an umbrella is extremely taboo.
That being said, keep in mind that while Portland and the rest of the Willamette Valley is very cosmopolitan and culturally similar to San Francisco and Seattle, Eastern Oregon and Southern Oregon are more akin to Idaho and Nevada; that is to say, quite conservative. Contrary to popular belief, not all Oregonians are liberal, a fact which will become abundantly clear to you on a trip to a place such as Burns, La Grande, or Prineville.
State issues in general tend to be divided along Willamette / non-Willamette lines (that is, large cities within the valley such as Eugene and Portland / smaller cities along the coast, around the mountains, and in the high desert), and some resentment between these groups may be uncovered. The State of Jefferson, a region of southern Oregon and northern California marked by a period of attempted secession during the first half of the 20th century, retains a very independent mindset: Jefferson Public Radio and the State of Jefferson Chamber of Commerce are two indicators of a retained degree of autonomy from this period.
Oregonians are known for being exceptionally kind and welcoming people; accordingly, violent crime in Oregon is quite low and visitors are not likely to have any harm come to them during their stay. Be aware, however, that violence has been on the rise in the Portland and Salem areas due to increasing gang activity. Property crime is a problem in any metropolis. For hazards specific to certain cities, please see their respective WikiTravel pages.
If you are in need of emergency assistance, dial 911 on your phone.
The current laws regarding Marijuana in Oregon are similar to that of Washington, Alaska, and Colorado. Residents or visitors of Oregon can possess up to 1 ounce (28 grams) of marijuana. It is legal to posses up to 1 ounce of cannabis while traveling. And to give as a gift to someone who's of legal age. DO NOT bring marijuana out under any circumstances of the state, into any indian reservation that deemed it illegal, nor any federal enclave. Or you will be charged under both state and federal law. It is Legal for Medical Marijuana dispensaries to sell up to 7 grams of weed and/or up to 4 marijuana clones per day to persons 21 or older (although prices are ridiculous).
As for "hard drugs", you're better off avoiding them. However, due to a recently passed ballot measure, personal use and possetion of all drugs are decriminalized, leading to a small fine and/or referral to drug treatment if caught. Previously methamphetamine was such a problem that any medication containing pseudoephedrine (e.g. Sudafed) was classified as a Class III Controlled Substance of the Controlled Substance Act and thus requires a prescription. This also means that one must prove that they have a prescription to be in possession of such medications, so if one is coming from out-of-state it is a good idea to leave it at home.
Psychoactive mushrooms grow naturally here and abundantly, and as of 2020, personal use is decriminalized, and medical use in controlled settings is legal.
Natural hazards are also few, but include mountaineering fatalities (Mt. Hood in particular). Tsunamis on the coast are very rare, but have occurred; make note of the "Evacuation Route" signs. For information on the state's hazard assessment, visit the NOAA Center for Tsunami Research . Sudden snowstorms in the Cascade Mountains from October to May occur and could lead to increased avalanche danger. The usual perils of desert travel in the Southeastern part of the state could be eminent if you are unprepared, so always follow desert survival guidelines; and rattlesnakes, bears and other wildlife (particularly east of the Cascade range).
If you venture out of the Willamette Valley during your stay, be sure that your automobile is well fueled and in suitable condition: while Portland is modern and well-populated, Eastern Oregon includes some of the most sparsely populated areas in the United States. Harney County in the Southeast region of the state, for example, is slightly smaller than Massachusetts but is the home to only about 7,000 people. Breaking down out there will, in best case scenarios, make for a very long and annoying day; at worst, the consequences can be tragic. In rural areas, be aware that many seemingly passable roads are truly impassable for large portions of fall, winter and spring. Apparent routes or shortcuts across mountainous areas and deserts should be validated with locals before attempting - deep snow has captured the vehicle of many a tourist or day tripper who ventured into unknown territory and pushed when they should have exercised better judgment.
Law Enforcement is provided by the Oregon State Police.