Orange  is a small city in the Central West of the Australian state of New South Wales.
Deciduous trees in Byng Street
Orange is not named for the citrus fruit: the area around the town is nowhere near warm enough to grow oranges! (Somewhat amusingly, Orange is instead noted for its apple orchards.) Rather, it was named for Prince William of Orange, later William I of the Netherlands.
Orange has a population of approximately 40,000 people and is one of the older towns in inland New South Wales. The one square mile village of Orange was established in 1841, and grew quickly due to Australia's first payable gold discovery in 1851 in nearby Ophir and later due to agricultural output.
The City of Orange municipality is in the centre of the Cabonne Shire. The Cabonne Shire consists of farmland and orchards and calls itself Australia's Fruit Basket. Orange and the surrounding area are known for quiet getaways and excellent food and wine. Orange calls itself Australia's Colour City due to its large number of European trees and their autumn colours. Late March and April are the best times to visit to see the colours.
Orange has a mild climate, with very comfortable summers (25℃-35℃/80℉-95℉ during the day), cool autumn and spring weather (15℃-25℃/60℉-80℉ during the day, falling as low as -1℃/30℉ at night) and, for Australia, cold winters (0℃-10℃/35℉-50℉ during the day, falling to -5℃/20℉ overnight). Because of its elevation (862 meters/2,828 feet) it is one of the few areas of mainland Australia other than the Snowy Mountains that has relatively frequent snow during winter, and it is one of the very few population centres that gets any significant snowfalls.
Orange is the birthplace of poets Banjo Paterson and Kenneth Slessor, although Paterson lived in Orange for only a very short time as an infant. Walter W. Stone, book publisher (Wentworth Books) and passionate supporter of Australian literature, was also born in Orange.
Orange is four hours west of Sydney by car. Travellers would take the Great Western Highway to Bathurst and the Mitchell Highway to Orange.
Orange has several public transport links to Sydney operated by CountryLink  (tel 13 22 32). There is one direct train service in each direction daily and several bus services meeting Cityrail trains at Lithgow. Train or bus from Sydney usually takes five hours. There are also less frequent Countrylink services from Canberra.
Regional Express  (tel 13 17 13 within Australia or +61 2 6393 5550 outside Australia) operates flights from Sydney to Orange and return. Flight time is approximately 45 to 60 minutes.
Public transport in Orange is limited to the town itself, and to links to other towns in the district. Since most tourists will be interested in attractions around the town and in the Cabonne Shire, using a car is the best way to see the Orange area.
- Cook Park, Summer Street. Cook Park is a large park occupying a city block in Orange. It is full of established European trees and is spectacular in early autumn.
- Botanic Gardens, Kearney's Drive, northern outskirts of Orange. A 17 hectare garden, the Botanic Gardens have concerts and performances in summer.
- Mount Canobolas , the highest point in the Central Tablelands of New South Wales, at 1395 meters (4575 feet), is located 20km south-west of Orange. The view from the summit is excellent and there are many day walks on the slopes. Although Orange itself has only a few snowfalls a year, snow is common on Mount Canobolas and snow chains may be required in winter.
- Orange Regional Art Gallery, Civic Sq (off Peisley Street). ph 02 6393 8136.
- Banjo Paterson Memorial Park, Ophir Road. This park is located at the Narambla homestead, birthplace of AB "Banjo" Paterson, Australia's most famous poet and author of the lyrics of "Waltzing Matilda".
- Cook Park Guildry, Cook Park, Summer St. A unique handcrafts centre that sells hand spun wool garments, pottery, paintings, hand-knitted baby and childrens clothes and delicious homemade cakes, jams and pickles.
- Picnic at Lake Canobolas, the town's old water supply dam located approximately 15km west of Orange. Lake Canobolas is a recreational area with swimming, walking and a deer park.
- Pan for gold at the Ophir Reserve, 25km outside Orange, site of Australia's first payable gold discovery. The reserve also has picnic and barbeque areas.
- Let the kids play at the Orange Adventure Playground. Admission is free, the playground is huge, and the kids will love it. There is a small cafe there for coffee for the adults who don't want to play too. Right next to the Botanic Gardens, just out of town.
- The French Shoppe, Shop 3, 200 Anson Street (Next door to Slice of Orange), ☎ 02 63620940, . 9:30am-5:00pm. Enjoy a Touch of France in Orange, NSW. The French Shoppe specializes in products sourced directly from France incl. savon de marseille, perfume, umbrellas, ladies footwear, handbags,scented candles,gifts, country style homewares,scarves and both European and Australian made ladies clothing. edit
- LolliRedini, 48 Sale Street, ☎ +61 2 6361 7748, . Tues-Sat, dinner from 6PM. LolliRedini has attracted attention from Sydney food critics, regularly rating one hat in the Sydney Morning Herald Good Food Guide. From $60 for two courses up to a $140 degustation menu with matching wines. edit
- Highland Heritage Estate, Mitchell Highway (5 minutes east of Orange), ☎ +61 2 6361 3612. Highland Heritage Estate specialises in local produce. Mains around $40. edit
- Belgravia @ Union Bank, Corner of Sales and Byng Streets, ☎ +61 2 6361 4441 ([email protected], fax: +61 2 6365 0646), . Lunch from noon–2:30PM every day, dinner 6PM–9PM Mon–Sat. Belgravia @ Union Bank is a wine bar and cafe near the centre of town, and a cellar door for the Belgravia vineyard. Lunch from $12 for sandwiches to $25 mains, dinner $18–$25. edit
- The Mountain Tea House, 42 Mount Canobolas Road (Base of Mount Canobolas, 15 minutes out of town), ☎ +61 2 6365 3227, . Mon 10AM to 3PM, Tue to Fri 9AM to 4PM, Sat and Sun 8.30AM to 5PM. Excellent cakes, but really the attraction is the fresh air and the views. edit
- The Parkview Hotel, 281 Summer Street, ☎ +61 2 6361 7014. The Parkview's bistro (entrance at the side in McNamara Street) serves good quality lunches for $15-$20, table service. Steak, roast and cooked seafood are the main fare. The bistro is quite spacious and quiet. edit
- The School House Restaurant, Icely Road, ☎ +61 2 6365 9295 ([email protected]), . Dinner Thursday to Saturday from 6PM, Lunch Friday to Sunday from noon. The School House is in the Mayfield Vineyard to the east of Orange. The French inspired menu changes monthly based on seasonal produce availability. 2 courses $55, 3 courses $65. edit
- Scottys On Summer, 202a Summer Street, ☎ +61 2 6362 3838 (fax: +61 2 6361 4717), . Scottys is a nice little sandwich and cake shop, good bread and fresh fillings. It's a reliable place for a bite if you're in the centre of town. However, locals know this too; it can be hard to get a table.  edit
- Provista Wood Fire Pizza, 129 Summer Street, ☎ +61 2 6361 2129. Mains approx $20. edit
In autumn, drive out to one of the many apple orchards immediately to the west of the town and buy a bucket of freshly picked apples, keeping in mind that it may make it hard for you to eat the year-round supermarket variety in the future.
- Hotel Canobolas, 248 Summer Street. ph 02 6362 2444. fax 02 6362 9361.
- Royal Hotel, Summer Street - located across the road from Hotel Canobolas. Popular with 20 and 30 somethings. This hotel is converted into a club on a Friday and Saturday night.
Like most Australian towns, there is a big drinking culture within Orange, due to the social focus of the local pubs, as well as due to the local wineries.
Wineries in Orange and Cabonne open for tasting include:
- Ibis Wines, 239 Kearneys Drive. ph 02 6362 3257. fax 02 6362 5779. email [email protected] 
- Mortimers of Orange, 786 Burrendong Way. ph 02 6365 8689. email [email protected] 
- Orange Mountain, corner of Forbes Road and Radnedge Lane, Borenore (next to Hillside Orchard). ph 02 6365 2626. 
- Orange Accommodation Choices Browse the many choices available to you - B & Bs, Guesthouses, Motels, Apartments, Self Contained Accommodation - Plus information about our wonderful town. 
- Arancia Bed and Breakfast, Wrights Lane. ph 02 6365 3305. fax 02 6365 3751. email [email protected] Reviews describe this small bed and breakfast 17km out of town as aiming for the "Sydney market": that is travellers looking for a weekend away in comfortable surroundings. Rooms have standard amenities including a data port. Weekend rates: $185 per night (standard double), $225 per night (double with spa). Weekday rates: $155 per night (standard double), $175 per night (double with spa). 
- Best Western Central Caleula Motor Lodge, 60 Summer Street. ph 1800 024 845 (toll free, Australia only) or 02 6362 7699. This lodge is close to the centre of town and provides high quality standard motel rooms with queen or king sized beds and private bathrooms. $180 per night (king sized bed) or $144 per night (queen sized bed). 
- Down Town Motel, 243 Summer Street. ph 02 6362 2877. Doubles from $65.
- Turner's Vineyard, Mitchell Highway. ph 02 6369 1045. fax 02 6369 1046. email [email protected] This new hotel 5 minutes east of Orange is aimed at conference and business visitors. 
- Orange Health Service, 1503 Forest Road. tel 02 6369 3000. Public hospital with emergency room.
- Community Health Centre, 129 Sale Street. tel 02 6393 3300
- Community Health Centre, 96 Kite St. tel 02 6392 8600.
- Coles Supermarket, 227 - 237 Summer Street. tel 02 6361 2666. Open 6AM - midnight Monday - Sunday; closed some public holidays.
- Woolworths Supermarket, 197 - 203 Anson Street. tel 02 6362 4655. fax 02 6361 0906. Open 7AM - 10PM Monday to Sunday; closed some public holidays.
- Franklins Supermarket, Summer Centre, Summer Street. tel 02 6363 1277. Open 8AM - 8PM Monday - Sunday; closed some public holidays.
- Ascroft's Supa IGA & Liquor, 210 Peisley Street. tel 02 6362 7233. Open Monday - Sunday; closed some public holidays.
The Indian Pacific transcontinental train passes through Orange westward to Perth. Dubbo and Forbes further west are the next inland towns. Cowra's Japanese Garden and World War II war cemetery are a good day trip.
Major Australian mobile phone companies provide GSM reception inside the town and around Mount Canobolas (where the antennas are located) although reception may be patchy in parts of the area.
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