Oaxaca is a state of Mexico.
Oaxaca is one of the poorest states in Mexico. Therefore, there's a great lack of public services in the whole state. While visiting Oaxaca, you will find a lot of roads and places in poor conditions, but people tend to be friendly if you give them nice comments about their place of origin. Regardless of the lack of services, Oaxaca has much to be proud of. Its great biodiversity and cultural heritage is reflected in having almost every type of ecosystem and many monuments from different epochs, including pyramids, churches and some new buildings in the capital city. So for an open-minded visitor, there is much to learn and enjoy in Oaxaca.
Oaxaca is known for its linguistic diversity. Many indigenous languages are spoken in the state, with Zapotec and Mixtec being the most prevalent. Most speakers of these languages are bilingual in Spanish and their indigenous language, although some speakers (especially older generations) are monolingual in the indigenous language, and children are increasingly dominant speakers of Spanish. The government has pushed Spanish education in schools, which has led to an increase in Spanish fluency throughout the state, but has been accompanied by a decline in use of indigenous languages. Many communities are striving to preserve and promote their languages in the face of Spanish dominance. In Oaxaca de Juárez it's still very common to hear indigenous people who are selling some kind of merchandise talking to each other in their native language (Zapotec, Mixtec, Chontal, etc.) However, Spanish remains the lingua franca, so the English-speaking tourist should make an effort to learn at least the very basics of Spanish, as well as greetings in the indigenous languages used in the region that you travel.
Oaxaca, especially Oaxaca city, is well served by long-distance bus from major destinations in central and south Mexico. Most tourists catch an overnight bus from San Cristobal (10h) in Chiapas. Alternatively, you can visit Juchitán de Zaragoza and break the journey to Chiapas there.
Most people use long-distance bus services such as those provided by OCC or the slightly cheaper alternative, SUD.
Oaxaca has a very rich gastronomy that offers a wide range of dishes. Most commonly in Oaxaca de Juárez you will have the chance to eat the famous Tlayudas, a giant tortilla filled with beans and the oaxacan quesillo (wrapped cheese) and accompanied by tasajo (beef). Dauntless travelers should also try Chapulines (Grasshoppers), which are another popular dish that real tourists should not miss!
Oaxaca's local drinks are quite exotic and a must for those interested in trying new things. Mezcal is certainly the most famous alcoholic beverage. You will be offered this drink in any party or celebration where a big crowd comes together. Tejate is another typical drink of the region. Made of corn dough, it is a good option to quench your thirst.
Oaxaca is generally safe but there are some measures that should be taken into account to avoid any unfortunate events.While walking downtown in Oaxaca City, venturing in very dark streets will probably get you robbed by local thieves. Be sure to always look back while walking and never brag about an expensive phone. Carry your backpack in front of your chest if walking near the local market in Oaxaca City. Avoid visiting the following regions in the city and its surroundings: San Martín Mexicapam, Colonia Monte Albán, Santa Rosa. These places are known for robberies to happen and being a tourist and especially a white tourist will make you a target for robbers. While touring the state be sure not to drive at night near the Guerrero- Pinotepa highway. This road is known to be pontentially dangerous, and the risk of you being stopped by an armed group is high. Coastal towns in general should be approached carefully, except for Huatulco and Puerto Escondido, they are normally safe even though one should take the appropriate precautions to avoid any misfortune.