The Negev  is a large desert that covers the entire southern half of Israel. The least populated area in Israel, it is a home to (among others) the nomadic desert people known as the Bedouin. The Negev offers some truly breathtaking scenery and is home to some fascinating sites and places.
Lonely Planet put it in as number 2 on its Best in Travel 2013 - Top 10 regions list , being best for "Adventure, activities, off the beaten track".
- Beer Sheva (Beersheba) - the Biblical City of Abraham and de facto capital of the Negev
- Arad - lively modern town on the edge of the Negev
- Dimona - the third largest city in the Negev
- Eilat - the southern-most Israeli city, located on the Red Sea coast, a major centre for domestic and international tourism
- Lehavim - adjacent to the Lahav forest on a group of hills overlooking the Negev Desert
- Mitzpe Ramon - a small town overlooking the Machtesh Ramon crater
- Netivot - small city, home (and now gravesite) of the Baba Sali, a famous rabbi
- Ofakim - established as a regional center for the rural communities in the area
- Omer - small village near Beer Sheva
- Rahat - the largest Bedouin settlement in Israel, and the only one to have the status of city
- Sderot - small city, known for its contribution to the Israeli music scene
- Tel Sheva - founded in 1968 as part of a government project to settle Bedouins in permanent settlements
- Yerucham - small settlement located near the Large Crater
Nabataean city of Avdat, Negev.
- Incense Route - Negev incense route is a World Heritage-designated route in the Negev, southern Israel proclaimed of outstanding universal value by UNESCO in 2005.
Avdat (Ovdat) ruins
Four towns in the Negev Desert are linked directly to the Mediterranean terminus of both the Incense Road and Spice routes: Avdat, Haluza, Mamshit, and Shivta. As a group, these desert cities demonstrate the lucrative trade in frankincense and myrrh that took place from south Arabia to the Mediterranean. At its height, from the 3rd century BC to the 2nd century, the route included cities, Qanat irrigation systems, fortresses, and caravanserai. The vestiges of these works are still visible, and demonstrate the use of the desert for commerce and agriculture.
- Dead Sea - the lake and immediate surroundings forming the lowest point on Earth
- Ein Avdat - beautiful steep canyon and a popular hiking spot
- Masada - high on a plateau above the Dead Sea, the scene of the Zealots' last stand against the might of Rome, a powerful symbol for modern Israel. Masada is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Judean Desert - for a small part in Israel, also encompasses much of the West Bank
- Yotvata - a large open Natural Reserve north of Eilat and a Kibbutz with the same name
- Timna - a area of mines, some of them are associated with King Solomon, Timna valley also used to be ruled by the Egyptians who also used to work with mining and the remains of their Temple still exist, Timna also have a natural and geological importance like the the "Mushroom" rock and many natural big caves. Timna has Camel riding, biking, hiking, trails and lake.
- Eilat Mountains nature reserve - a free access Nature reserve for hiking and taking a view on Eilat's rare landscape the reserve is the most rocky nature reserve in Israel and it is another part of Sinai's mountain range. the Fauna there includes Striped Hyena, Golden Jackal, Fox, Dorcas Gazelle, Rock Hyrax and Nubian Ibex.
- Makhtesh Ramon - the biggest natural carter in the world, only 7 Makhteshim exist and 5 of them are in Israel, Makhtesh Ramon is special for its natural destinations like the Amonite Wall - were a fossils are swapped into the desert mountains, Table mountain, Minsara or the "Sawmill" a rocks that looking like a wood after getting out of the Sawmill, its Desert Colors in black, white, purple, orange, green and more and its Fauna (including rare Persian Onagers) and Flora. Makhtesh Ramon also have some remains from Nabataean, Roman and Byzantine periods
- Tel Arad - the ancient city of Arad including the remains of the ancient city, an ancient water system which could be found in many biblical tells around the Holy Land and a big Pagan temple from Biblical times.
- Tel Beersheba - the biblical city of Beersheba that Abraham used to settle there with his family, the Tel have a archaeological finds from Biblical times and also an water reservoir which can be found in another Biblical Tells in the Holy Land. Tel Beersheba is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Solomon Pillars, Southern Negev near Eilat
The Negev is the southern region of Israel, covering 55% of the state's territory and inhabited by some 379,000 Jews and 175,000 Bedouins (Bedouin is an ancient word reffering to the term Desert Man). Contrary to the usual view of a "desert," the Negev is not covered with sand. Rather, it is a melange of brown, rocky, dusty mountains interrupted by wadis (dry riverbeds that bloom briefly after rain), and deep craters. The area was once the floor of a primordial sea, and a sprinkling of marine snail shells still covers the earth here. Aside from the natural wonders, the Negev plays host to a great number of ancient sites, displaying the rich history of this crossroads of trade between Asia, Africa, and Europe.
Domestic flights to Eilat fly from Ben Gurion airport or Tel Aviv's Sde Dov airport. There are seasonal charter flights to Eilat from several European cities.
Tel Beersheba ancient Biblical site from Old Testament.
Frequent trains connect Tel Aviv, Haifa and Ben Gurion airport to Beer Sheva, with an extention to Dimona, but no further.
Be'er Sheva is served by bus from Tel Aviv or Jerusalem. Buses to Eilat travel from Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Haifa. Towns and villages throughout the Negev are connected by bus to Be'er Sheva, but service could be infrequent.
If you're flying into Ben Gurion Airport and want to head straight to Eilat, you would better get on a short train ride to Tel Aviv Hagana station and board a bus to Eilat from nearby Tel Aviv central bus station. Advance reservation is available on buses to and from Eilat, and there are also night buses.
There are no laws concerning the number of people allowed on buses, so drivers will often pack the bus as full as possible, and you may end up with a young soldier sitting on the floor next to you, with his large semi-automatic poking you in the leg. It is recommended that you call and book your seat in advance in order to avoid standing for your whole ride. Booking is also available by internet [www.egged.co.il].
You better avoid the busiest travel times, in particular Sunday mornings and Thursday afternoons (when soldiers travel to and from weekend vacation).
Three main highways cross the Negev from north to south:
- The eastern Jordan Valley route (Route <90>), from Jerusalem past the Dead Sea to Eilat.
- The central route (Route <40>), through Beer Sheva and Mitzpe Ramon, merging with the eastern route near Yotvata.
- The western route (Route <10>), running along the Egyptian border from Gaza Strip to Eilat, built primarily for military purposes and not accesible for private vehicles.
The two-lane highways are generally in good shape. The distance across the Negev from Tel Aviv to Eilat is around 360 kilometers, covered by Egged express bus in 5 hours.
- Ein Avdat - spectacular desert gorge, accessed by trails, and preserved as a National Park
- Mamshit Ruins - Nabatean ruin, more accessible and well ordained then Avdat, also a National Park
- Machtesh Ramon - largest erosional crater on earth, near the town of Mitzpe Ramon
- Sde Boker - large Kibbutz north of Mizpe Ramon on Route 40, has several attractions, and also the "Field School of the Negev" hostel and tourist information center, which advises on trails and tours in the area.
- Midreshet Ben Gurion (also known as Midreshet Sde Boker) - large midrasha (educational center) with Institute for Solar Energy Studies, a trail to Ein Avdat, The Ben Gurion Heritage Institute and the tomb of Ben Gurion, Insitute for Desert Research, High School for Environmental Education and a pre military Mechina (preparatory program) - Mechinat Hanegev.
- Geofun mountain biking, Midreshet Ben Gurion (in the main commercial centre of the village, next to the supermarket), ☎ +972-8-6553350, . Desert Cycling Center- Specializing in Negev Bike tours. Guided mountain biking and cross country cycling tours in the Negev region, plus cycle shop, repairs and advice. They arrange tours lasting up to a week which can include all food and accomodation, led by a certified mountain biking guide - Asaf Amichai - who has 10 years of experience. edit
- Casa De Brazil, Eilat. Many kinds of meat edit
- Yotvetah, Kibbutz Yotveta. Out-of-this-world ice cream edit
Bereshit Hotel in Mitzpe Ramon.
- Chan HaShayarot (Caravan Inn), Rte. 40, between Sde Boker and Mitspe Ramon, ☎ +972-8-653-5777 ([email protected], fax: +972-8-653-5888), . This traveler's khan (a traditional Middle Eastern inn) consists of a glorious, gigantic and very authentic Bedouin community tent for dinner parties and communal sleeping, plus a group of modern, very simple but bright and clean motel-like private units, for those who may not want to sleep in the tent. The Bedouin tent is an ecological wonder-warm in winter; cool, and catching every possible desert night's breeze in summer. The inn can be a quiet experience of semicamping in the desert, with a simple Bedouin breakfast, lunch, and dinner available; or it might consist of party groups and a Bedouin feast that you can join up with-barbecue, tons of Arabic specialties, plus music and dance. There are central restroom and shower facilities for those who overnight in sleeping bags provided by the Chan in the tent. The Chan also offers a range of activities, including tours with camels and off-road vehicles, mountain biking, and Bedouin entertainment and hospitality day or night. A possible favorite for kids who may be dazzled by the view of the galaxies and falling stars; and a favorite for everyone who will be charmed by the hospitable Bedouin. Call to see what booking conditions will be before making a reservation. 24 private units, all with bathroom. $95 double, private indoor unit; $55 double in tent. Rates include breakfast. MC, V. edit
- Levehad, Moshav Ein Habsor, ☎ +97289982146 or Cell Phone. +972-548014541 ([email protected], fax: +972-89982146), . edit
- The Desert Olive Farm, P.O.Box, Halutza 85515, ☎ +972-525583065 or Cell Phone. +972-525583521 ([email protected], fax: +972-86571533), . edit
- The Orlyya Farm, Medreshet Ben Gurion, POB 67, ☎ +972-509800069 ([email protected]), . edit
Most of the kibbutzim on Highway 90 have guest houses and offer inexpensive and charming rooms, and meals in their common dining rooms.
- Wilderness Guest House (Sde Boker), Midreshet Ben Gurion (Route 40 to Mizpe Ramon), ☎ 08 6535087, . Family guesthouse in Midreshet Ben Gurion, famous for its canyon and exquisite views. Spacious lounge incl. kitchen, bedroom, large bathroom. Close to Ein Avdat, Ein Ekev. 350 nis. edit
Eilat Mountains and the Red Sea.
Nearly all of the Negev is an extremely arid desert that sees rainfall at most a few times a year. While winters can be pleasant, with temperatures hovering around 20°C, summers can be fierce with temperatures commonly over 40°C, but in the afternoon and at night there is a comfortable temperature drop. The climate in the Negev is dry without hardly any humidity. Bring a large amount of water and register your plans at the nearest police station before going offroad for your own safety, as flash floods are likely to happen if rain does fall, and some parts of the Negev serve as the IDF's main training area (marked with a skull,accessible only on weekends. Be extremely aware of unexploded ordnance ).
When hiking in the Negev dehydration can be a problem, this is a hot arid area, Drink at least 1L of water per person per hour.
Car Thefts and Breaking into cars are very common in the Negev, from Mitzpe Ramon and north (although uncommon in the Arava, Route 90). Be sure not to keep valuables in the car while hiking.