Nakhchivan is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by Armenia, with which Azerbaijan is still at war. The region is not a major tourist destination.
Citizens of any country with Armenian ethnics and passports stating Armenian surnames will be forbidden entry to the enclave.
The best way to get to Nakhchivan is to fly from Baku to Nakhchivan Airport, just outside the exclave's capital (airport code: NAJ), Azal operates a shuttle service, heavily subsidized by the Azeri government. Flights depart from Baku's Terminal 2 (the old terminal), which is adjacent to the new international terminal. Flights take around 1 hour, and operate between 3-6 daily flights, depending on demand. Both Baku Terminal 2, and Nakhchivan Airport are small and uninteresting. Don't arrive too early, as you will get bored waiting. Check in closes 40 minutes before departure.
From Nakhchivan you can also fly to Moscow weekly on UT Air, and to Istanbul thrice weekly on Turkish Airlines.
There is sometimes a control check on arrival. If you are foreign you may be asked of the purpose of your visit. Keep in mind that this is a very controlled state, journalists and those representing NGOs are not welcome with open arms.
Airfare prices are different for foreigners than those for Azeris. Flights can't be purchased on Azerbaijan Airlines' site. They are purchased at travel agents only. (July 2018: flights can be purchases through azal air line website).
The main AZAL office in Baku is at SW Travel AZAL Office, 84 Nizami Street. They accept credit cards, and staff speak good English. Take a number when you go in, and you will be seen in order of arrival. Book as soon as you can, as on vacations tickets are sold fast. On mid July you might have to wait 1 week for a ticket. Flights leave from Terminal 2.
There are buses and taxis to the city, which is only 3km away. A taxi ride from the airport to Nakhchivan city centre is around AZN 5.
The nearest airport with connections to Ankara is at Erzurum (ERZ), 250 kilometres west of Nakhchivan.
If you are travelling by land, you can also cross to and from Iran at the Julfa border point, the city on the other side is Jolfa (The other Azeri-Iranian border crossing is between Astara and .... Astara!). There are trains to Tabriz.
Local cabs can be hired on arrival but will likely inflate prices. If you are headed to Nakchivan, having a local receive you will smooth over any unplanned border hassles. Taxi rates are linked to fuel costs. In Nakchivan its about .75 USD/liter.
The exclave has a short border with Turkey in Sədərək which allows an easy link to the city of Iğdır. There are buses per day starting from or passing through Iğdır bus station (120 min pure driving time). Border is opened 24 hours for crossing. However, border guards are very corrupt – and even corruption aside, the extensive security, customs and immigration checks on both sides are likely to last two hours or more.
The best way to get around is by cab. There is a fixed price system when you travel within the city. It costs 1-2 USD to travel between any two points withing the city. If you want to travel outside of the city, you have to bargain with the cab drivers. The highest price you will be charged (traveling from Sederek to Ordubad) is no more than $50.
Momune khatun (in the city), Qizlar Bulagi (near momune khatun), Asebi keif (sacrificial grounds, believed to be holy by locals),
The Armenian cemetery in Julfa, a medieval-era cemetery near the town of Julfa, housing around 10,000 funerary monument. The tombstones consisted mainly of thousands of khachkars, uniquely decorated cross-stones characteristic of medieval Christian Armenian art.The cemetery was still standing in the late 1990s, when the government of Azerbaijan began a systematic campaign to destroy the monuments.After studying and comparing satellite photos of Julfa taken in 2003 and 2009, in December 2010 the American Association for the Advancement of Science came to the conclusion that the cemetery was demolished and leveled. So there isn't much to see here...
Batabat. A scenic 1-way road that leads to the border with Armenia, takes you the an altitude of 2000m. The highlights are the local honey makers who sells their goods fresh, and the lakes on the way. The last one (Zorbulag) is the most impressive, where you can fill you bottle from the freezing spring water. Taxi from Naxcivan city shouldn't cost more than 50AZN for both ways.
Duzdag (means: Salt mountain). If it get's hot, you can chill your self in the neat salt cave that is paved in the mountain. Admission is free, and the air inside is said to be good for Asthma and bronchitis. Hack: a night over costs only 15AZN.
qutab,dolma,bozartma,xash and many more....
Vine growing in Nakhchivan is an ancient tradition, in the Araz valley and foothills. Very hot summers and long warm autumn make it possible to grow such highly saccharine grapes as bayan-shiraz, tebrizi, shirazi. Wines such as "Nakhchivan" "Shahbuz", "Abrakunis", "Aznaburk" are of reasonable quality and very popular.
Being an important trade center, with manifold connections to Iran and Turkey, Nakhichevan city is after Baku the most cosmopolitan city in Azerbaijan, and this is reflected also in the availability of accommodation.
Beware of officials when taking photographs. Rumor has it, even taking pictures in the direction of the Armenian border could get your camera confiscated. Bus station where you can sleep is also opened 24 hours