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Murmansk Oblast

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Earth : Europe : Russia : Northwestern Russia : Murmansk Oblast
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Murmansk Oblast
Murmansk in Russia.svg
Flag of Murmansk Oblast.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Murmansk(Administrative center)
Government Russian Oblast
Currency Russian Ruble (Pуб.)
Area 144,9002
Population 771,100(2013 est)
Language Official:Russian
Religion Russian Orthodox 41.7%, Non-Religious Spirituality 28%, Atheist 12%, Other 18.3%
Electricity 220V/60Hz (European plug)
Time Zone UTC +4
A view of Murmansk's harbor

Murmansk Oblast is the northernmost region of Northwestern Russia, on the Kola Peninsula, which borders Finland's Lapland to the west, Norway's Finnmark Region to the northwest, the Barents Sea to the north, the White Sea to the southeast, and Karelia to the south.



  • Murmansk — the capital and largest city is an important naval base and has a large sea port which remains ice free year round; the world's largest city north of the Arctic Circle
  • Kandalaksha
  • Kirovsk — a large town with the world's northernmost botanical gardens and a ski resort
  • Kola — the peninsula's oldest town boasts its original fort, the Cathedral of the Assumption (the first stone building in the region), and a museum of local culture
  • Polyarny — a closed town, one of the region's oldest, on the Murmansk Fjord; currently a site for decommissioning nuclear Soviet and Russian submarines
  • Severomorsk — a closed city, the region's second largest city, and the main administrative center of the Russian Northern Fleet
  • Zapolarny — Far North city, gate to Kola Super Deep Borehole, the deepest human-made point on the Earth

Other destinations[edit]

  • Kandalakshky Nature Reserve
  • Lapland Nature Reserve
  • Pasvik Nature Reserve


Murmansk Oblast is of interest to a tourist mostly for its novelty value—it is located in Russia's extreme north, above the Arctic Circle, and is relatively easy to get to from Saint Petersburg. The highlights of a Murmansk Oblast trip are certainly the capital itself and perhaps also an adventurous trip out to Kola. To heighten the novelty value of your trip, try to come around the summer Equinox, when the sun moves around the sky but never sets, or the winter Solstice, when the sun never rises and the city is plunged into blackness. The winter is cold, but it is also the best time to see the Northern Lights.


See Russian phrasebook.

Get in[edit]

The easiest way to get in is via Murmansk's airport, which serves flights to/from Moscow, Saint Petersburg, and Arkhangelsk.

There is also a long (about 28 hour) daily overnight train to Murmansk from Saint Petersburg, which leaves Piter around 18:00 and arrives the next day around 22:00. Trains also travel between Murmansk and Petrozavodsk.

People from Baltic and Scandinavian States, as well as Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Slovenia and Northern parts of Croatia or Serbia can travel by car. The journey should be carefully planned and can take about 2-4 days (depending on location) one way.

If you travel from Croatia, Bosnia or Serbia you can travel by bus to Stockholm and then travel by train to Kiruna and then to Kirkenes and the border. Such travel can be tiring and good for people with a good health. Oslo airport has a good connections with Croatian, Bosnian, Montenegrin, Albanian or Kosovo cities (operated by Norwegian Air Shuttle and SAS, mostly seasonal). Then you can fly to Kirkenes (operated by Norwegian Air Shuttle and SAS) and then go to the border. If you travel from Serbia, there're year round connections between Belgrade and Stockholm (operated by Air Serbia), then fly to Kiruna (operated by SAS) and then travel by train/bus to Kirkenes and then to the border.

If you want to see High Arctic part of Murmansk oblast (Zapolarny or Nikel), the good option is flight from Kirkenes (Norway).

Get around[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

  • Murals in Zapolarny
  • Kola Super Deep Borehole (Zapolarny)
  • Alyosha statue, Nuclear Icebreaker Lenin and Oceanarium in Murmansk
  • Tundra reserve
  • Kandalaksha and nearby lakes
  • Tundra reserve


Winter in Kirovsk[edit]

  • Day 1

Murmansk city highlights

  • Day 2-5

skiing in Kirovsk

High Arctic trip[edit]

  • Day 1

Zapolarny highlights

  • Day 2

Kola Super Deep Borehole sightseeing

  • Day 3

Visiting Nikel city.

  • Day 4

Trip to Kirkenes (Norway).

Murmansk oblast nature places[edit]

  • Day 1-2

Murmansk highlights

  • Day 3

Murmansk Tundra reserve

  • Day 4

Kaznozersky Nature Reserve

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Ski in Kirovsk
  • Watch Northern Lights
  • See the deepest human-made place in the Eaarth, Kola Super Deep Borehole (near Zapolarny)

Eat[edit][add listing]

Drink[edit][add listing]

Stay safe[edit]

Get out[edit]

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