Mithila is an ancient cultural region of South Nepal and North India lying between the lower ranges of the Himalayas and the Ganges River. The Nepal border cuts across the top fringe of this region. The Gandak and Kosi Rivers are rough western and eastern boundaries of Mithila. The Ramayana records a dynastic marriage between Prince Rama of Ayodhya and Sita, the daughter of Raja Janak of Mithila.
In India, that region consists of Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Darbhanga, East Champaran, Khagaria, Madhepura, Madhubani, Munger, Muzaffarpur, Saharsa, Samastipur, Sheohar, Sitamarhi, Supaul, Vaishali and West Champaran.
The name of the district has been derived from its head quarter and principal town, which is said to have been founded by Darbhangi Khan. It is also said that the name Darbhanga was derived from Dwar-Banga or Dar-e-Bang meaning "THE GATEWAY TO BENGAL".
Darbhanga is one of the important districts of North Bihar situated in the very heart of Mithilanchal - the fertile, alluvial plains of North India. Under the British rule, Darbhanga was a part of Sarkar Tirhut up to 1875, when it was constituted into a separate district. The sub-divisions of the then district Darbhanga were created as earlier as Darbhanga Sadar in 1845, Madhubani in 1846 and Samastipur in 1867. Darbhanga was part of Patna Division till 1908, when the separate Tirhut Division was carved out. Darbhanga became the Divisional headquarters in 1972 when all its three sub-divisions got the status of separate districts. Thus the present Darbhanga district took shape.
The district of Madhubani was carved out of the old Darbhanga district in the year 1972 as a result of reorganisation of the districts in the State. This was formerly the northern subdivision of Darbhanga district. It consists of 21 Development Blocks. Bounded on the north by a hill region of Nepal and extending to the border of its parent district Darbhanga in the south, Sitamarhi in the west and Supaul in the east, Madhubani fairly represents the centre of the territory once known as Mithila and the district has maintained a distinct individuality of its own.
It is located at a Longitude of 25º-59' to 26º-39' East and the Latitude is 85º-43' to 86º-42' North.
The name of Sitamarhi is on the name of Sita. She is the loving wife of Maryada Purushottam Rama. He is the king of Ayodhya. It is lovely religious place. It is the place of the temple. The most famous temple are Janki temple, Ram-Lakshman-Sita temple, Nageshwar temple etc.
Sitamadhi is 60 kms from Darbhanga and 130 Kms. from Patna. Sitamadhi has a past that pre-dates history. When Sita was going to Ayodhya, She stay and rest here.The place Bodhayan Sar is in Sitamadhi, where lots of MahaKavya is written by Bodhayan.
Maithili is most commonly language spoken in mithilanchal. Mostly people talk in maithli language. It is also official language in India. Besides this hindi is also common among maithli peoples.
Nawani also is the Psternal Village of Shri Prakash Kumar Das alias Lallan...
Govind Mishra, Nageshwar Mahadev Mandir, ☎ 9620206885. Presently serving in IBM as engineer Pupri Village, Sitamadhi edit
maachh ,makhan and paan these are the identity of mithila .fish is the most popular food habit in mithila .people like fish as a main dish in any occasion .chuda ,dahi and chini is also most important cuisine of mithila.people like paan ,in every occasion paan is an important refresment itom .
Chay (Tea) is necessary drink in all region of Mithila.