Matsumoto (松本) is in Nagano prefecture at the eastern end of the Japan Alps.
Matsumoto has a small local airport, with commercial flights only from Osaka, Sapporo, and Fukuoka. Travel time to downtown is roughly 20 minutes.
From the closest major airport, Chubu Centrair International Airport near Nagoya, Matsumoto can be reached by rail in roughly three hours by the Meitetsu line and JR limited express train (change in Nagoya). Buses connect Centrair with Matsumoto in around 3.5-4 hours for ¥3500.
From Narita Airport, Matsumoto can be reached in 4.5-5 hours by limited express rail service (change in Shinjuku).
Matsumoto is located on the JR Shinonoi Line. It's four stops away from Shiojiri, the "mid-point" of the Chuo Main Line between Tokyo and Nagoya. There is a tourist information center inside the train station.
Limited express trains run to Matsumoto from Tokyo's Shinjuku station. The Super Azusa (スーパーあずさ) makes the run in about 2.5 hours; the Azusa (あずさ) makes the journey in about three hours (¥6710 for both).
Taking several local JR trains will cost roughly ¥4000, getting you from Shinjuku to Matsumoto in around 5-6 hours... in which case, you're better off using a bus (see below).
There's also the option of taking the Nagano Shinkansen Asama (あさま) from Tokyo to Nagano station, then taking the Wide View Shinano (ワイドビューしなの) limited express to Matsumoto (2.5 hours, ¥8470).
The Wide View Shinano also runs from Nagoya station, where there are connections with the Shinkansen line (towards Kyoto and Osaka). The run from Nagoya to Matsumoto takes 2 hours on the limited express and costs ¥6070; local trains cost ¥3260 and take between 4 and 5 hours, depending on the available trains and connections.
All of the above mentioned rail trips are free when using the Japan Rail Pass.
Highway buses from JR Matsumoto station connect to Shinjuku in Tokyo (3 hours, ¥3400), Nagoya (3h 15min, ¥3460), and various destinations in the Japan Alps, notably the Oku-Hida Onsen Villages (90min, ¥2300-2800).
There are also city buses. The heart of the city bus route runs four "town shoes", line 100 110 120 130, is good. Each journey costs ¥200, so you might want to buy a day pass for ¥500. 
- You can walk to Matsumoto Castle, about a mile northeast of the station, in about 20 minutes.
- Alternatively, the Town Sneaker Bus departs from in front of Matsumoto Station every 30 minutes and makes a circular trip to all city sights; it costs ¥190 each time you get off.
- To visit the Japan Ukiyo-e Museum, however, you'll have to go by train or taxi.
- Alternatively, free bicycles are available daily 8:30am to 5pm at various locations throughout town, including the Matsumoto City Museum next to Matsumoto Castle and the Kaichi Gakko Primary School. They're convenient for visiting sights not accessible by Sneaker Bus; ask the Matsumoto Tourist Information staff for details. Otherwise, you can rent a bike from JR Eki Rent-A-Car beside the station for ¥1,500 per day.
- Matsumoto Castle (松本城 Matsumoto-jō). Completed in 1614, this stately landmark is considered one of Japan's Top 3 Castles. Visitors can climb up precarious stairways all the way to the top, and the castle also houses a comprehensive exhibit on the history of firearms in Japan. Located 15min north of Matsumoto station on foot, admission ¥600, open 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM daily. Tickets include admission to the Matsumoto City Museum on the castle grounds, with artifacts documenting the history of the city.
- The Matsumoto Folkcraft Museum. This is a very small museum filled with a variety of arts and crafts that the museum's own pamphlet describes as not being of much value either artistically or monetarily. The museum is basically the collection of a private individual, Taro Maruyama, who ran a folkcraft shop in Matsumoto in the 1950 and 1960s. He presented the museum to the city of Matsumoto in 1983. While some of the crafts and artwork are interesting, the museum is probably not worth visiting unless you are spending a considerable amount of time in the vicinity or are particularly interested in Japanese Folkcrafts. (On an interesting side note, a home near the museum, owned by a school principal, has a beautiful garden and is quite pretty, employing some traditional Japanese architecture. Our tour guide said many people found the home of more interest than the museum.) Admission is ¥300 for adults. School children can get in for free and the museum offers group rates for groups over 20. Hours: 9:00 am to 5:00 pm Tuesday through Sunday. The museum is also closed from December 29 through January 3. You can take the bus on the Utsukushigahara line for 15 minutes and get off that the Folkcraft Museum bus stop.
- Featuring over 10,000 pieces of ukiyo-e (traditional woodblock prints), the Japan Ukiyo-e Museum is the largest private museum of its kind in the world. Though the building housing the museum is imposing, a rather small selection of the pieces is shown at any time (2 rooms, about 40 prints). Also reprints of famous Ukiyo-e are on display. The collection was begun over 200 years ago by Yoshiaki Sakai and was subsequently added to by succeeding generations of the Sakai family, including the current owner and CEO of the museum, Nobuo Sakai. The collection includes many pieces from the most famous ukiyo-e artists in history as well as works that are believed to be the last remaining examples of their kind. English signage at the museum is limited, but an English-language pamphlet is available. In addition to Matsumoto Castle mentioned above; a must-see for those looking for something truly 'Japanese.'
- Matsumoto is surrounded by numerous campsites and onsen. A hiking map in English can be picked up from the information center, a 5-minute walk south of the castle.
- Hotaka, 30 minutes east on the local train, is the center of Japanese wasabi production. Bike rentals are right next to the station, and it is a short ride to a number of wasabi fields including the Daio wasabi farm which offers a tour of its fields, wasabi for sale for as little as ¥300 a root, wasabi icecream, and several tourist-oriented restaurants.
- Hike from (or to) Misuzuko (美鈴湖). To go down: take the bus from Matsumoto bus station (beside the Epsa supermarket) to Utsukushigahara-kogen (美ヶ原), 51 minutes, ￥930 (May 2009) to Lake Misuzu; walk around the east side of the lake to the Toy Box (りの国) campsite (start along the main road, take a footpath to the right; when you come to another road, turn left along it until a path goes up to the left; follow this up to and through the campsite). Exit the campsite by its main gate, turn left, at the first guardrail leave the road to the right and follow the path down along a ridge. (Pause in the first section to admire the eagles.) There are no signposts, but the path is clear, with some trail markers; after about an hour you will find yourself among houses uphill from Asama-onsen (浅間); Matsumoto station is another hour and a half, of which part can be along the Metoba River (女鳥羽川).
- Nawate-dōri (なわて通り) is an old-fashioned shopping street running along the north bank of the river, full of small shops selling antiques, foods, used books, etc. The old movie theater shut its doors after its run of "The Last Samurai", but the posters are still up as well as the nostalgic building itself. The street's ubiquitous mascot is a frog, originating from frogs in the river as well as a pun on the Japanese word for "return" 'kaeru' (the mountains could be treacherous, frogs were given as a charm so that loved ones would return safely. It was also hoped that money and goods would also return.
Matsumoto is famous for its soba noodles, usually served with a dab of product from the world's largest wasabi farm nearby. Stores in Matsumoto also offer pickled wasabi leaves, laquerware, and traditional crafts.
Matsumoto is also famous for its raw horse meat (basashi).
- Restaurant Kura: Great basashi teishoku (set meal) for ¥1500.
- Marumo Ryokan, ☎ +81 263 320 115, . A beautiful Japanese style hotel, situated in an old house that was re-built after the big Matsumoto 1889 fire. The hotel is situated along the south bank of the river, opposite the east end of the Nawate-dōri shopping street. The Hotel also has a very nice tea house attached to it. Very good english spoken. ¥6300 with breakfast, cash only. edit
- Ryokan Matsukaze (旅館松風), (10 min walk south from the station, on the southern bank of the river), ☎ +81 263 257 318. A spacious and new ryokan, which is still somewhat under renovation. Despite the construction, the place is comfortable and the owners are cheerful. Ask the station's tourist info to reserve a room for you and the owner can pick you up from the station. ¥3500 per person without breakfast. edit
- Ryokan Seifu-so, 634-5, Minami-asama (Take #2 bus from train station, get off at minami asama (its around the corner)), ☎ 0263-46-0639, . Very nice, traditional Ryokan with very helpful staff and plenty of amenities. Free bicycle rental (10 min to train station). Free pickup from train station during certain hours (just call when you get there). Both japanese and western style rooms. ¥4800. edit
- Matsumoto BackPackers, Shiraita 1-1-6 (Five minutes from Matsumoto Station's Alps Guchi exit), ☎ +81 263 31 5848, . checkin: 16:00; checkout: 10:00. Matsumoto BackPackers is a centrally-located accommodations in Matsumoto City. Less than five minutes walk from Matsumoto station on the Metoba river. The building was a large Japanese-style family home till it was made it into the friendliest place to stay in Matsumoto! Guests are nearly all young or young at heart so come and join them for a few nights! 3000. edit
- Candela Guest House (カンデラゲストハウス), Kitafukashi 1-4-5 (5 min walk from Matsumoto Castle,), ☎ +81 70 6993 8900, . Candela Guest House is located old-town of Samurai. Mix or Female dormitory ¥2,750/person. edit
- Hotel Iidaya (ホテル飯田屋), 1-2-3 Chuo Matsumoto, Nagano Prefecture 390-0811 Japan (Across the rail station), ☎ +81 263 32 0027, . checkin: 15:00; checkout: 11:00. ¥3,300/person. (36.231952,137.964832) edit
- Hakuba - a popular ski resort
- Oku-Hida Onsen Villages - some of Japan's best hot springs, 90 minutes away by bus
- Kamikochi - one of the best hiking points in the Japanese Alps, en route to Takayama.
- Chikuma - take the Shinonoi railway northeast to Obasute or Inariyama stations and visit the onsens, mountains and temples of this small city on the Chikuma River
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