The Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve in the Brazilian state of Amazonas, near the city of Tefé, is a 22,000-square-mile (57,000 km2) reserve near the village of Boca do Mamirauá. It includes mostly Amazonian flooded forest and wetlands.
History and Protection
The Mamirauá ecotourism programme offers a series of activities, including excursions with local guides in channels, lakes and trails inside the forest; visits to local villages at the rivers margins, in order to interact and get to know the Amazonian population and their way of life, and also the unique opportunity to contribute to a pioneer conservation project.
Mamirauá is recognised by the international [[Ramsar Convention[[, as a wetland of global importance, as well as part of a World Heritage Convention's natural site. It has been proposed that the Reserve should form part of a future UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in the Brazilian Amazon. At present, it is included in one of the Ecological Corridors to be implemented by the PPG-7 Program for the Protection of Brazilian Tropical Forests.
The reserve is the legacy and life work of Brazilian scientist José Márcio Corrêa Ayres.
Flora and fauna
Mamirauá hosts a large diversity of birds, with more than 400 species recorded, including toucans, harpy eagle, hoatzin, 15 species of parrots and, specially, aquatic birds. Two species of monkeys, the white uakari and the black squirrel monkey are endemic of this region, which is also home of other kinds of arboreal mammals such as howler monkeys, sloths, coati and collared anteaters. Land mammals are not that common as most of the territory is flooded during the wet season. During this season the pink dolphin is distributed in the flooded forest.
Hot and wet tropical climate
A rich aquatic flora and fauna. a paradise for fishing sport