Lugo is a city in Galicia, in the north-west of Spain. It has a population of around 100,000 people, and is home to a considerable student population with a campus of the nearby University of Santiago de Compostela to the south of the city centre. The city is well known for it's historic roman walls which circle the old town, reaching a height of almost 15 metres - they are still in excellent condition, and remain completely intact. Their historic status is recognised internationally, and form a UNESCO world heritage site.
The city was founded by Celts, who named it Lugos after the Celtic god of light, oaths, and the arts. It remained a small town of little repute until the Middle Ages when it became a seat of pilgrimage. This was because the cathedral would show the Blessed Sacrament to the public 24 hours a day.
The roman walls which give the city its famewere built between 263 and 276 AD to defend the then Roman town of Lucus Augusti against local tribes and Germanic invasion. However, their success in the defence of the town was limited, and over the next 700 years the town was invaded and sacked by Suevi, the Visigoths, the Moors, the Christians and the Normans.
In 1833 Spain was split into provinces, and Lugo became the capital of Lugo province, which gave it more status, which was further helped by the railway arriving here in 1875. The city kept on growing as an administrative centre, and when the Civil War broke out it was quickly under the control of Franco’s nationalists.
By air, the closest airport is Lavacolla  (ICAO: LEST, IATA: SCQ), about two hours by bus away. Empresa Freire  operates a regular bus service to and from Santiago de Compostela, with a stop at the airport.
The following companies operate currently at this airport:
RENFE has a train station in the city, which connects Lugo by rail to the rest of Spain.
Lugo is just off the A-6 national highway, which reaches from A Coruña in Galicia to Ponferrada and Madrid. It is also on the N-640 Galician route from Ourense to the northern coast at Ourense. Driving around town is relatively easy, however there are a number of one way streets which can be confusing. Much of the old town is pedestrianised, and as such off-limits to most drivers.
Lugo Bus Station (Praza Constitución) is just outside the old city walls, and serves a number of destinations.
The city is small, and the tourist centre is easily navigable by foot. Maps are available from tourist information offices and most hotels. Bus services operate to the outskirts.
The University of Santiago de Compostela has a campus in the town , to the south of the centre, which offers a number of programmes, including exchange opportunities for private students and those looking to study through existing exchange programmes such as Erasmus. They offer courses in:
Additionally, the Centro de Lenguas Modernas attached to the University provides a number of language courses in Spanish, Portuguese, French, and English. These courses are generally only available to registered students.
There are a large number of supermarkets and bakeries throughout the city which sell everything the self-caterer needs.
The vast majority of bars will provide you with a small portion of food (tapa) with a drink order (even a soft drink), and with enough drinks often a sizeable amount of food can be had! The local beer is Estrella Galicia, and other common brands include Cruzcampo, Steinburg and San Miguel.
Lugo is a really safe place to visit like Galicia in general, however some caution never hurts (especially on the weekends at night).
For all emergencies dial 112.
The town is covered by multiple law enforcement agencies. The Policia Nacional (national police) responds to emergency calls and patrols the city centre. They are also able to provide written reports in the event of a minor crime. The Guardia Civil (paramilitary civil guard) and Policia de Galicia (regional police) also have bases in the city. The Policia Local (local police) also patrols residential areas, and deals with misdemeanours and less serious incidents.