Longmen National Park
Among Longmen's wealth of world-famous treasures are flying Apsaras as well as fine works of Chinese calligraphy, represented by the 20 Longmen Calligraphic Samples. These are 20 pieces of calligraphy deemed perfect and correct representatives of the time they were created.
Enshrined in a total of 2,100 cave-temples are 3,600 stone inscriptions and over 100,000 large and small Buddhist statues. The 17-m high statue of Vairocana in Fengxian Temple is the most representative of the trove.
Construction of Longmen（龙门石窟） Shiku (Dragon Gate Grottoes), one of three major grottoes in China, began in 494, but it was not until the Sui and Tang dynasties that it acquired the scale as we see it today.
Longmenis also one of the Four Great Caves SiDaShiKu 四大石窟 that are famous in China as well as the YunGang ShiKu 云冈石窟 at Datong, Shanxi, MoGao 莫高窟 in Dunhuang, Gansu, and the Mt. Maiji Caves 麦积山石窟 at Tianshui, Gansu.
Flora and fauna
Longmen Caves are located about 13 km (7 mi) southeast from the city of Luoyang.
Mar-Oct 07:30-19:50, Nov-Feb 07:30-18:50
Bus route 81 (¥1.50) from east side of Luoyang train station. Journey lasts 50 min.
Last bus back to Luoyang is at 20:50.
Alternatively, one can take a taxi.
High speed trains arrive at Luoyang Longmen Station. It is a 1 1/2 to 2-hour journey from Xi'an (¥175 for G-class train), and can easily be achieved as a day trip. The station is between Beijing and Xian so could probably achieve Beijing to Xi;an with a stop at Longmen in a day.
The station is still ~6 kilometres from the park, 2 buses service this route as part of a loop (in opposite directions). Take the 71 from the station to the park, and the 67 to return (¥1). If you get on the bus in the wrong direction, you will still make it, just a lot later. The buses are not very frequent (had 45 minute wait each time). Entrance tickets may be bought at the station, and during peak times this may allow you to take a free shuttle to the park. There are also plenty of taxis available at the station.
Admission is ¥120.
Takes 2—4 hours depending on how much time you spend admiring the sites, rests, etc to see everything
Battery cars (Glorified golf cart) offer a mini "bus" service to provide transport between bigger distances for a fare if you are feeling lazy.
A number of stands are dotted around that sell drinks & some snacks.