- For other places with the same name, see Westminster (disambiguation).
Westminster is a district of central London.
The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster
Big Ben as seen through the Revolving Torsion kinetic Sculpture
Westminster is a city in its own right, the twin to the ancient City of London further east and historically they jointly formed the focus of what is today regarded as London. The Palace of Westminster came to be the principal royal residence after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, and later housed the developing Parliament and law courts of England. The neighbouring Westminster Abbey became the traditional venue of the coronation of England regents. Westminster has therefore been the seat of royal, and later parliamentary, government and power for 900 years.
As a result, many of its attractions are of an historical and cultural variety. Even so Westminster very much retains a bustling, modern feel as the centre of British government and is often used as shorthand for Parliament and the political community (including the elected Government) of the United Kingdom generally.
For the traveller and for the scope of this article, it is important to understand though that the district of Westminster is bounded to the north by Trafalgar Square and Mayfair, to the east by Covent Garden and to the west by Knightsbridge and Chelsea.
St. James's is the region of Westminster that encompasses Buckingham Palace, the Palace of Westminster and the eponymously named park and church. This is a very affluent area of the city and has a great deal to offer visitors. Belgravia to the west of Buckingham Palace is probably the grandest residential area in the whole of the United Kingdom. Victoria and Pimlico in the south-west are the least grand regions of the district but still have much to offer including The Tate Britain, some wonderful Regency architecture and a number of good value accommodation options.
The district is serviced by the following tube stations:
- Westminster (Circle, District and Jubilee lines)
- Embankment (Bakerloo, Circle, District and Northern lines)
- Green Park (Jubilee. Piccadilly and Victoria lines)
- St James's Park (Circle and District lines).
- Hyde Park Corner (Piccadilly line)
- Pimlico (Victoria line)
- Victoria (Circle, District and Victoria lines).
The nearest mainline train stations are London Waterloo (approximately 15 minutes walk) and London Victoria (20 min walk). It is worth taking the tube from these two stations to arrive at Westminster.
- Westminster Millennium Pier . You can take a circular cruise.
- Banqueting House, Whitehall SW1A 2ER (tube: Westminster), ☎ +44 870 751 5178, . M-Sa 10:00-17:00, closed Su, Bank Holidays and 24 Dec-1 Jan (inclusive); The Banqueting House is liable to close at short notice for government functions, telephone to check before you travel. Designed and built in 1619-1622 by the Neo-Classical architect Inigo Jones, The Banqueting House is now all that remains of Whitehall Palace, the sovereign's principal residence from 1530-1698 when most of it was destroyed by fire. Renowned for its architecture and paintings (by Rubens, amongst others), the building is also famous for being the scene of Charles I's execution in 1649 at the end of the English Civil War. £4, students (with ID) and seniors (60+) £3.00, children 5-16 £2.60, under 5 free. edit
- Cabinet War Rooms and Churchill Museum, Clive Steps, King Charles St SW1A 2AQ (tube: Westminster), . 09:30-18:00 daily (last admission 17:00), closed 24-26 Dec. A branch of the Imperial War Museum, the Cabinet War Rooms preserves the underground corridors and rooms from which Churchill and the cabinet directed the war against Hitler and the Nazis, maintained almost exactly as they were left in 1945. Newly-opened in 2004, the attached Churchill Museum is the world's first permanent museum dedicated to the life and wartime achievements of Sir Winston Churchill, recently voted the Greatest Briton. £17, children under 16 free, seniors £13.60, students £13.60, unwaged £5, group concessions available. edit
- Downing Street, (tube: Westminster). Site of the London residences for the Prime Minister (No. 10) and the Chancellor (No. 11). edit
- Cleopatra's Needle, Victoria Embankment, along the Thames (tube: Embankment). Cleopatra's Needle originated in the ancient Egyptian city of Heliopolis, in the Temple of Atum, but the Romans moved it to Alexandria in 12 BC. In 1819, viceroy Mehemet Ali presented Cleopatra's Needle to the British, commemorating military victories in Egypt, but it remained in Alexandria until 1877 when transportation was arranged to bring it to London. On the voyage, the ship capsized in a storm, killing six crewmembers. Cleopatra's Needle was thought to be lost, but Spanish trawlers found it afloat a few days later, and after some repairs, it arrived in London on 21 Jan 1878. The obelisk is flanked by two faux-sphinxes, which show the effects of bombings of London during World War II. Today, Cleopatra's Needle shows some wear from exposure to London's damp weather and acid rain. edit
- Henry VII's Ladys Chapel, . Described as the wonder of the entire world, this chapel at the eastern end of Westminster Abbey is a breathtakingly beautiful masterpiece of medieval architecture. edit
- St. James's Church, Piccadilly, 197 Piccadilly, W1J 9LL (tube: Piccadilly Circus. Off Piccadilly), ☎ +44 20 7734 4511, . The only Wren church outside the City of London. It has attractive furnishings by Grinling Gibbons, and often hosts concerts. edit
- St. Margaret's Church, Parliament Sq (tube: Westminster. Next to Westminster Abbey within Parliament Sq), . M-F 09:30-15:45, Sa 09:30-13:45, Su 14:00-17:00. St. Margaret's is the church of the British Parliament, more specifically, the parish church of the House of Commons. edit
- Westminster Abbey, (tube: Westminster), ☎ +44 20 7654 4900 ([email protected], fax: +44 20 7654 4894), . Abbey admission: M Tu, Th F 09:30-15:45, W 09:30-19:00, Sa 09:30-13:45 (extended in summer to 15:45), Su open for worship only, the Abbey closes 1 hr after last admission; Chapter House admission: 10:30-16:00 daily; Westminster Abbey Museum: 10:30-16:00 daily; Pyx Chamber: 10:30-16:00 daily; Cloisters: 08:00-18:00 daily. Note that the Abbey itself charges tourists for entry, but not for worshippers. Attend a church service for free and enjoy some of the finest choral music in London from the choir. Evensong at 4PM or 5PM, depending on time of year, is an especially good bet. The Abbey is the traditional scene for the Coronation of British monarchs and the burial place of many past kings and queens. £12, concessions £6 (seniors 60+, children 11-16, students with full-time student card), family ticket £18 (two adults and two children under 18), children under 11 free (maximum of two children per paying adult). edit
- Whitehall, (tube: Westminster, Charing Cross). This street runs between Parliament Square and Trafalgar Square, and is the site of several British government buildings. Horseguards Parade, and the heavily guarded entrance to Downing Street (see below) are on the west side. Banqueting House is on the east side. In the centre of the street sits the Cenotaph, a war memorial erected following the World War I, which is the centre of the annual Remembrance Day ceremony on 11 November. edit
- The Jewel Tower (Opposite the Houses of Parliament). This small tower across the road from the Houses of Parliament is the only part of the original Palace of Westminster still standing. While it is overshadowed in splendour by the surrounding buildings, it's well worth a visit, and has good displays about the early history of Westminster. edit
- The London Library, 14 St James's Square, London SW1Y 4LG (near St. James Square), ☎ +44 20 7930 7705, . MT 9:30-9; WTFS 9:30-5:30 Sun Closed. Easily overlooked, The London Library is one of those gems you are so glad you discovered. There are over 15 miles of open book shelves to peruse and well as a special collections section that dates from the 16th century. You can see an actual manuscript by Shakespeare, the Magna Carta, maps from the time America was a British colony and more. Free. edit
Palace of Westminster
Westminster Bridge, Big Ben and The Palace of Westminster
Parliament Square (tube: Westminster), .
On the UNESCO World Heritage List, the Palace of Westminster (more widely known as the Houses of Parliament) is the seat of Parliament in the United Kingdom. It's often termed the "Mother of All Parliaments" - an exaggeration, but perhaps only a slight one. The present building largely dates from the 19th century when it was rebuilt following a fire in a splendid example of Victorian neo-Gothic architecture. The House of Commons (elected Members of Parliament or MPs) is located to the north of the building and is decorated with green leather upholstery, and the House of Lords (unelected Lords) is located to the south and decorated with red leather upholstery.
- Visiting while the Houses are in session. While the house is sitting (most of the year), visitors can sit in the Strangers' Gallery of the Commons and Lords. There is no charge to do this. You should queue at St. Stephen's Entrance (opposite Westminster Abbey). Depending on the popularity of debates happening in the Houses, queueing for admission can take 30min or more. Avoid Wednesday lunchtime when the Prime Minister takes questions, and you are unlikely to find space at all unless you have a ticket from a Member of Parliament. If you do not wish to visit the Commons, then tell one of the police officers standing guard outside that you only wish to see the House of Lords, and you should be able to enter immediately. Upon entry, you pass through a metal detector, and are very thoroughly searched. You then proceed into St. Stephen's Hall, where you are seated to wait for admission. A representative of the Sergeant-at-Arms gives you a slip of paper to write your name and address on.
- House of Commons Strangers' Gallery. When called, you proceed from St. Stephen's Hall to the Central Hall, and then upstairs. You must leave all items (bags, cameras, mobile phones, writing and written material) outside and then proceed through to the Strangers' Gallery. Upon entry, you can pick up a copy of the proceedings being discussed in the House that day. You should be quiet, anything above a whisper may lead to you being asked to leave. After leaving the Commons, you head back down to the Central Hall.
- House of Lords Strangers' Gallery. If you head away from the Commons, you pass along a corridor towards the Lords. If you ask to visit the Strangers' Gallery, a representative of Black Rod asks you to complete another slip of paper with your name and address. You then proceed up a staircase to the Lords Strangers' Gallery. Again, all items need to be left outside. Of the two chambers, the Lords is by far the most impressive, featuring the stunning throne (opposite the Strangers' Gallery) upon which the Queen delivers a speech outlining the Government's plans for the year ahead at the State Opening each year. Also, the queue for the Lords is always very short.
- Westminster Hall. After visiting the two Houses, visitors pass back through St. Stephen's Hall, and through Westminster Hall. Westminster Hall is one of the few areas of Parliament in which photography is permitted, and it is a very impressive place, dating back to the 9th century. Plaques on the floor mark where the bodies of deceased members of the royal family lay in state (most recently the Queen Mother in 2002), and significant events which took place in the hall (such as the trial of King Charles I).
- Summer and Saturday Opening, ☎ +44 844 847 1672, . August-Early October M-Sa and every Saturday throughout the year. While the Houses are in recess, the Palace of Westminster is generally open for tours. These run during the long Summer recess and every Saturday throughout the year, last 75 minutes and are led by Blue Badge guides. An adult ticket costs £15. Popularity of these tours means you're best advised to book in advance - or visit the ticket office located next to the Jewel Tower. £15 for adults. edit
- Elizabeth Tower (Big Ben), . Strictly limited numbers of tickets are available to climb the newly renamed Elizabeth Tower (containing the Great Bell, commonly known as "Big Ben"). Big Ben is the most popular tourist attraction in London . British visitors should write to their Member of Parliament to request tickets. Unfortunately there are no tours for overseas visitors. Free. edit
The main residence of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (reigned since 1952, coronated 1953). Other residences are Sandringham House and Balmoral Castle.
- Changing of the Guard. May-Jul 11:30AM daily, other times see website. Each morning between May and July at 11:30 the guard changes outside Buckingham Palace. The rest of the year, the guard changes on alternate days, weather permitting. A board is placed outside the palace in the morning to say whether the Changing of the Guard ceremony will take place or not. There is no charge to view the Changing of the Guard - simply turn up and stand at the fence in front of the Palace, but it is worth getting there early to ensure a good view, particularly when the weather is fine. Free. edit
- Summer Opening. 27 Jul-29 Sep 09:45-15:45. 19 State Rooms open to the public, while the Queen is staying at her Scottish palace at Balmoral. Places are strictly limited, and it might not be possible to just turn up and get a ticket for a specific entry time, visitors should really book in advance to ensure admission at www.royalcollection.org.uk £21.00 adults, £19.25 student or over 60, £11.25 under 17. edit
- Tate Britain, Millbank (Nearest tube: Pimlico), . M-Su 10:00-17:50. This gallery houses the Tate collection of British art from 1500 through to contemporary art. A side wing collects together the gallery's collection of paintings by Turner, including some stunning seascapes. Temporary exhibitions are exceedingly varied - recent examples include exhibitions of Turner's paintings of Venice and the work of photographer Wolfgang Tillmans. The best known exhibition is the Turner Prize, consists of works by four artists shortlisted for the annual contemporary art prize, which runs from late October to January each year. Free (though there is a charge for temporary exhibitions). edit
- See the guardsmen standing outside Horseguards Parade. Also, watch the daily changing of the guard.
- Free Walking Tours, Duke of Wellingon Arch (tube: Hyde Park Corner exit 2), . 11:00 and 13:00 daily. There are a number of regular free walking tours in London but the most well known leaves from The Duke of Wellingon Arch twice daily and covers many of the important sights in Westminster. Duration about 2 and half hours. Free/donation. edit
- The London Dungeon, County Hall, Westminster Bridge Road, ☎ 0871 423 2240, . Westminster Bridge Road's London Dungeon is historical and humorous attraction based in the South Bank in Central London which plays out stories from 1000 years of London’s history, featuring 18 interactive shows, 20 live actors, 2 underground rides and state-of-the-art special effects. edit
Outside of London/Leicester Square and London/Covent Garden, there are several important theatres in Westminster, most notably near Victoria Station. For current programmes please check the relevant theatre website or the official London theatreland listings here . Budget travellers should look for last minute bookings and off-peak performances.
Most of the booking office numbers given will only work from within the United Kingdom. If you want to make a booking from overseas, use the relevant website.
- Apollo Victoria Theatre, 17 Wilton Rd, SW1V 1LG, ☎ +44 844 826 8000, . edit
- Victoria Palace Theatre, Victoria St, SW1E 5EA, ☎ +44 844 871 7618, . edit
Perhaps the world's most famous shirts are made in Jermyn St SW1 and resident shirtmakers include:
- New & Lingwood (No. 53)
- Turnbull & Asser (No. 71) 
- Hilditch & Key (Nos. 37 and 73)
- Harvie & Hudson (No. 77)
- Charles Tyrwhitt (No. 92) 
- Emma Willis (No. 66) 
Victoria Street has high-street shops.
- Cardinal Place, Victoria St (tube: Victoria, St. James's Pk), . High-street shops for example Marks & Spencer and a selection of chain restaurants. edit
- National Map Centre, 22-24 Caxton St (tube: Westminster), ☎ +44 20 7222246