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Levant is an imprecisely defined region in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east.


The Levant

The term Levant is employed to refer to peoples, states, or parts of states in the region, namely:


  • Beirut — a coastal city with a French influence formerly known as the "Paris of the Middle East"
  • Damascus — considered by some to be the oldest continually inhabited city in the world, Damascus contains several world-famous Arab souqs
  • Jerusalem — quarreled over by Jews and Arabs alike, this famous city is the site of many holy sites of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
  • Tel Aviv — a coastal city that is known for its vacation and resort possibilities
  • Amman — this modern city is a great launching pad for many of Jordan's attractions
  • Aqaba — a popular vacation city located on the Red Sea, well known for it wonderful scuba diving and marine life

Other destinations[edit]


The media would have you believe that the Levant is a volatile and unfriendly region; the opposite is generally true. While there is occasional confrontations throughout the region, tourism is big business and tourists are generally welcome with open arms. The dominant Arab culture is welcoming and hospitable attitude is a nice change from the sometimes indifferent cultures of European or Western countries. The region also includes many wonderful and distinct cultural and ethnic groups, including the Arabs, Jews, Circassians, Armenians, Iranians, Assyrians, Bedouins, Kurds, Druze and Turks.

The Levant is a fantastic destination to lovers of both ancient and modern history. Known by some as the Cradle of Civilization, the Levant contains a multitude of attractions and sites, many of which have been made noteworthy from biblical accounts.


While Arabic is the official language of most Levantine countries (except Israel, which utilizes both the Arabic and Hebrew languages), the spoken dialects vary from place to place. To address these varying dialects, some individual phrasebooks have been created.

Get in[edit]

There are a number of international airports that facilitate entry into the region.

  • Rafic Hariri International Airport - Beirut, Lebanon
  • Damascus International Airport - Damascus, Syria
  • Ben Gurion International Airport - Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Queen Alia International Airport - Amman, Jordan

Get around[edit]

The Levant region is comprised of a handful of small countries, making transportation from place to place fairly accessible. Taxis, services (pronounced "ser-veeses"), and busses are the main forms of inter-regional transportation. The cost and destination of such services will vary from country to country.

See[edit][add listing]


Do[edit][add listing]

Visit historical places such as old churches and mosques.

Experience smoking hubbly-bubbly in a coffee shop or restaurant, this practice became imbedded in the culture.

Wear the traditional dress in order in immerse yourself in a cultural experience.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Regional cuisine will vary depending on the country. Lebanon, for example, will provide a blend of Arabian, French, and Western styles, while Jordan and Syria will showcase traditional Arabian fare consisting heavily of lamb, chicken, rice, and vegetable dishes. Beef dishes are available but are more rare (no pun intended) than in European or Western countries. Pork products, being non-kosher, not halal or forbidden for religious purposes, are practically nonexistent except in some areas of Lebanon and Jordan.

Every visitor is encouraged to experience Levantine Arabic cuisine. For the few who never develop the taste for it, however, there are plenty of Western-style restaurants to choose from.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Wherever you are in the Levant, be prepared to be offered plenty of cups of tea. Hot tea is a staple beverage in the Levant and is offered as a symbol of hospitality to guests.

For those who like to visit a bar or two on vacation, be prepared to select from a wide variety of bars and pubs, and if you like night life there is a lot of clubs and good yearly events and raves.

Liquor stores can be found almost everywhere in the major cities while home made wine is found in some villiages of christian majority like fasuta in israel taybe in palestibe and Fuhais in Jordan, just ten minutes drive from Amman. Local wine can be bought from any liquor store or bar, and is of high quality grapes and competes with the best Italian wines. Amman and Beirut and damascus and ramallah have a lot of Western music influence in clubs and events present all year long along with damascus and palestine& Israel. To help you get around in the Levantine countries, you can find weekly and monthly magazines with event listings and restaurants. To be able to move in Amman and Jordan,you can check out or Jordan Today. To have an idea of the night life style in Amman and Beirut, Layalena magazine has a lot to say.

Stay safe[edit]

The Levant region has been tainted by past violence and the occasional present-day confrontation. While safety and security is generally not a problem for tourists, the subject should be addressed.

  • Lebanon: Despite being plagued by civil war over the last several decades, Lebanon is currently a safe, tourist-friendly city in a state of reconstruction. While signs of the war are still evident in certain places, the aggressive rebuilding project, especially in Beirut, has pulled Lebanon from the ashes and placed it on a pedestal as a jewel of the Levant.
  • Syria: Stay out of Syria.No part of it should be considered safe.
  • Israel&palestine: Tourism is big business in Israel, so both Jews and

palestinian Arab are accommodating to visitors. Both cultures, however, occasionally clash as they vie for the land. Like in Syria, visitors sticking to well-known and reputable locations and accommodations should not have any trouble.

  • Jordan: Jordan is well known for being the safest country in the Middle East. The Jordanian government does not promote domestic violence of any sort and maintains a constant vigil on the look out for trouble. Visitors can travel anywhere throughout the country with ease and in safety.

Get out[edit]

Exiting the Levant is generally as easy as entering. International airports are generally the common form of transportation out, one may choose to travel affordably by bus, car, or ferry from Aqaba to Egypt.

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