Kythira island is located between Peloponnese and Crete, and belongs to the Ionian islands.
The island's capital is called 'Chora' located at the southern edge of the island. The village of Potamos is located to the north and has the largest population. Other important villages are Livadi, Agia Pelagia, Mylopotamos, Kapsali and Karavas.
From Kythira you can easily travel to the Peloponnese. It is about 1.30 hours by boat to either Neapoli or Gythion, and to Crete it is about 4 hours by boat.
The first reference to the history about the island, is made by at Orphics where identified as, the goddess of love Kytheriea nurse, is thus revealed the first link of the island with goddess Aphrodite, which is why since ancient times the island was dedicated in celestial Venus.
Kythira has a population of 3,354 inhabitants and an area of 279,6 km ². The climate is mild Mediterranean, has lush vegetation by a large biodiversity in wild flowers and herbs. Have sufficient production of agricultural and forage products and fisheries. The last decades has well developed tourism, and therefore have been created many of decisive units of hospitality with all modern standards.
The official language is Greek, but people working in the tourism trade (hotels, restaurants), and many residents also speak good English.
By Sea, take the boat 'Vitsentzos Kornaros' from the port of Piraeus, Githeio in Laconia, Kastelli in Crete, Kalamata and Monemvasia. . The ship Porfyrousa also runs daily from Neapolis in Laconia.
By Road, drive through the Peloponnese with your car, or by bus with Drakakis Express coach company, to either Neapolis or Githeio.
By Plane, fly with Olympic Air from Eleftherios Venizelos in Athens, or Sky Express from Heraklion, Zakynthos, Kefalonia, Actium or Corfu. This route is only available in the summer season. Transavia Airlines also run flights from The Netherlands during the summer.
Kythira has some amazing beaches. From Fyri Ammos, with its clear waters, Kapsali with dual bays overlooking the large castle of the Chora, and Paleopolis beach - which is the largest on the island, to the small but picturesque beach Chalkos.
There are also many historical monuments such as the marvelous Byzantine castle city of Paleochora, the Venetian castles of the Chora and Mylopotamos and Katouni in Livadi, the largest stone bridge in Greece.
You will find natural beauties such as the regional mills in Mylopotamos with traditional watermills and waterfalls with ponds, and the islet Chytra opposite Kapsali where you can find a beautiful cave with blue luminescent waters.
Much of Kythira is mountainous, so it's not a good idea to rely on walking as a method of transport. What looks like a small distance on a map, may well be an arduous half-day trek up a steep hill under a blazing summer sun.
The island does not have a regular bus service or a lot of taxis, so the easiest way to get around is by car. You can bring your own over on the ferry, or rent one on arrival from either the port or the airport. In the summer bus services are offered but they are not frequent. ,
There are many attractions to see on the island. There's the lighthouse of Moudariou at the northernmost tip, the mills or watermills, the cave of Agia Sophia in Mylopotamos, with frescoes of the 13th century and the islet Chitra opposite Kapsali.
Kythera is considered a safe place. You don't have to worry too much about safety, other than the usual precaution measures, such as keep an eye on your personal belongings.