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Kurdish phrasebook

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Kurdish (Kurdî) is the language of the Kurdish people who live in the region known as Kurdistan that is divided between four countries – Turkey, Iraq, Iran and Syria. Kurdish is an Indo-European language. This phrase book is for the Kurmanji dialect which covers most of Bhadinan area of Iraqi Kurdistan and Kurdistan of southern Turkey.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

a , e , ê , i , î , o , u , û , w , y

Consonants[edit]

b , c , ç , d , f , g , h , j , k , l , m , n , p , q , r , s , ş , t , v , x , z

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list (Northern Kurdish)[edit]

Basics[edit]

Hello! 
Merheba! / Silav!
Hello! (formal) 
Rojbaş!
How are you? 
Tu çawa yî? / Tu çawan î? (singular)
How are you? 
Hûn çawa ne? / Hûn çawan in? (plural/singular formal)
Fine, thank you. 
Ez baş im, sipas.
What is your name? 
Navê te çi ye?
My name is Robert. 
Navê min Robert e.
Nice to meet you. 
Serçavan. / Bi nasîna te kêfxweş im. (singular) / Bi nasîna we kêfxweş im. (plural)
Please. 
Bê zehmet / Zehmet ne bê / Bi xêra te bê
Thank you! 
Sipas! / Spas!
Thank you very much 
Gelek sipas! / Zor sipas!
You're welcome. 
Fermo. / Serçavan.
Yes. 
Belê. / Erê.
No. 
Na.
Excuse me (getting attention
Af bike
Excuse me (begging pardon
Bê zehmet
I'm sorry 
Bibûre / Bi'm bexşe
Goodbye 
Be xêr çî / Bi xatirê te / Oxir be
Do you speak Kurdish? 
Tu Kurdî dizanî? (informal) / Kurdî dizanin? (plural/formal)
Who speaks English here? 
Kî bi Îngilîzî dizane li vir?
Help! 
Hawar! / Firyam kewin! / Yarmetî!
Look out! 
Agahdar be!
Good morning! 
Beyanîbaş! / Rojbaş!
Good evening! 
Êvarbaş!
Good night! 
Şevxweş! / Şev şad / Şevbaş!
I don't understand you. 
Ez te fehm nakim.
Did you understand? 
Te fehm kir? / Tu têgihiştî?
I didn't understand. 
Min fehm nekir. / Ez tênegihiştim.
Where is the toilet? 
Hemam li ku ye? / Hemam le kiwê ye?
Right now. 
Êsta. / Nuha. / Niha.
I Love you. 
Ez te hez dikim.
Do you have ... ? 
... te heye? (singular, one) / ... te hene? (singular, more) / ... we heye? (plural, one) / ... we hene? (plural, more)
I am hungry. 
Ez birçî me.
I am a foreigner. 
Ez xerîb im.

Please notice: In kurdish language, pronouncation of "x" is not like in english. It sounds like "r" in german. Simply a thick "h" which comes from deep throat.

Problems[edit]

Numbers[edit]

-1 - di bin sifirin de yek

0 - sifir

½ - nîv

1 - yek

2 - du (formal) / didu (informal)

2½ - du û nîv (formal) / didu û nîv (informal)

3 - sê (formal) / sisê (informal)

4 - çar

5 - pênc

6 - şeş

7 - heft

8 - heşt / heyşt

9 - neh / noh

10 - deh

11 - yanzdeh (formal) / deh û yek (informal)

12 - dûwanzdeh (formal) / deh û du (informal) / deh û didu (informal)

13 - sêzdeh (formal) / deh û sê (informal) / deh û sisê (informal)

14 - çardeh (formal) / deh û çar (informal)

15 - panzdeh (formal) / deh û pênc (informal)

16 - şanzdeh (formal) / deh û şeş (informal)

17 - hevdeh (formal) / deh û heft (informal)

18 - hejdeh (formal) / heyjdeh (formal) / deh û heşt (informal) / deh û heyşt (informal)

19 - nozdeh (formal) / deh û neh (informal)

20 - bîst

21 - bîst û yek

30 - sîh / sih / sihi

40 - çel / çil

50 - pêncî

60 - şêst

70 - heftê

80 - heştê / heyştê

90 - nod

100 - sed

126 - sed û bîst û şeş

200 - du sed (formal) / du sud (informal)

274 - du sed û heftê û çar (formal) / du sud û heftê û çar (informal)

300 - sê sed

395 - sê sed û nod û pênc

400 - çar sed

500 - pênc sed

600 - şeş sed

700 - heft sed

748 - heft sed û çil û heşt (çel, heyşt)

800 - heşt sed / heyşt sed

900 - neh sed

999 - neh sed û nod û neh

1000 - hezar

1500 - hezar û pênc sed

2000 - du hezar

20000 - bîst hezar

500000 - pênc sed hezar

1000000 - yek mîlyon

1923842 (just for fun) - yek mîlyon û neh sed û bîst û sê hezar û heyşt sed û çel û du

Time[edit]

Clock time[edit]

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
_____ deqe/Xulek
_____ hour(s) 
_____ sahat/dem(jimer)
_____ day(s) 
_____ roj
_____ week(s) 
_____ hefte
_____ month(s) 
_____ mang/meh
_____ year(s) 
_____ sal

Days[edit]

Monday - Duşembi

Tuesday - Sêşembi

Wednesday - Çarşembi

Thursday - Pêncşembi

Friday - Eyînî

Saturday - Şembi

Sunday - Yekşembi

Months[edit]

January - Rêbendan

February - Reşemî

March - Adar

April - Avrêl

May - Gulan

June - Pûşper

July - Tîrmeh

August - Gelawêj

September - Rezber

October - Kewçêr

Novembre - Sermawez

December - Berfanbar

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

Red : Sor

Yellow : Zer

Green : Kesk

Black : Reş

White : Spî

Blue : Şîn

Orange : Narencî

Brown : Qehweyî

Grey : Gewr

Transportation[edit]

Neql/guhaştin

Bus and train[edit]

Bus : Otobus Train : Trên / Shamenafer

Directions[edit]

Right: Rast Left: çep Turn: veger Go Straight: Rast biçe Street: Şahrê Lane: Kuçe / Kolan Neighborhood: Mehele / Tax City : Şahr / Bajar Market : Bazar

Taxi[edit]

Taxi ; Taksî

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

Para / Dinar / Diraf

Eating[edit]

Food : Xwarin Beverage: Vexwarin

Bars[edit]

What do you want to drink? 
Tu çi dixwazî vexwî?
I want to drink a cup of tea 
Ez dixwazim qedehik çay vexwîm.

Shopping[edit]

Bazar kirîn Danûstandin

Driving[edit]

ajotin/le xurin

Authority[edit]

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Phrase list (Central Kurdish)[edit]

Basics[edit]

Hello 
Sław
Hello (formal) 
How are you? 
Çon'î? / Baş'î? / Xas'î? (singular)
How are you? 
Çon'in? / Baş'in? / Xas'in? (plural)
Fine, thank you. 
Baş'im, sipas
What is your name? 
Naw-î to çî'ye?
My name is Robert 
Naw-î min Robert'e
Nice to meet you. 
Xoş hał'im be nasîn'it
Please. 
Bê zehmet / Zehmet nebê
Thank you. 
Sipas / Spas
Thank you very much 
Zor sipas
You're welcome. 
Fermû
Don't mention it. 
Şayenî nî'ye
Yes 
Erê
Yes (formal)
Bełê
No 
Na / Ne
Excuse me (getting attention
Excuse me (begging pardon
Bê zehmet
I'm sorry 
Bibûre / Bimbexşe / Boxşî
Goodbye 
Xwa hafîz / Xwa't legeł
Do you speak Kurdish? 
To Kurdî dezanî? (informal)
Who speaks English here? 
Kê Îngilîzî dezanêt le êra?
Help! 
Hawar! / Firyam kewin! / Yarmetî!
Look out! 
Agadar be!
Good morning 
Roj baş / Beyanî't baş
Good evening 
Evare baş
Good night 
Şew xoş / Şew şad
I don't understand you 
Min le to tê nageyem
Did you understand? 
Tê geyişt'î? (informal)
I didn't understand 
Tê negeyam
Where is the toilet? 
Hemam le kwê'ye?
Right now. 
Êsta
I Love you 
Min tom xoş dewêt
Do you have .... ? 
....'it heye?
I am hungry. 
Min birsî'me.
I am a foreigner. 
Min ğerîbe'm.

Please notice: In kurdish language, pronouncation of "x" is not like in english. It sounds like "r" in german. Simply a thick "h" which comes from deep throat.

Problems[edit]

Numbers[edit]

-1 -

0 - sifir

½ - nim

1 - yek

2 - du

2½ - du'w nîm

3 - sê

4 - çwar

5 - penc

6 - şeş

7 - hewt / heft

8 - heşt

9 - no

10 - de

11 - yanze

12 - diwanze

13 - siyanze

14 - çwarde

15 - panze

16 - şanze

17 - hevde

18 - hejde

19 - nozde

20 - bist

50 - penca

60 - şast

90 - newed

100 - sed

200 - dused

300 - sêsed

400 - çwarsed

500 - pencsed

600 - şeşsed

700 - hewtsed / heftsed

800 - heştsed

900 - nosed

1000 - hezar

2000 - du hezar

Time[edit]

Clock time[edit]

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
_____ deqe
_____ hour(s) 
_____ seat
_____ day(s) 
_____ roj
_____ week(s) 
_____ hefte
_____ month(s) 
_____ mang
_____ year(s) 
_____ sał

Days[edit]

Monday - Duşeme

Tuesday - Sêşeme

Wednesday - Çwarşeme

Thursday - Pêncşeme

Friday - Heynî

Saturday - Şeme

Sunday - Yekşeme

Months[edit]

January - Rêbendan

February - Reşemî

March - Adar

April - Avrêl

May - Gulan

June - Pûşper

July - Tîrmeh

August - Gelawêj

September - Rezber

October - Kewçêr

Novembre - Sermawez

December - Berfanbar

Writing time and date[edit]

Colors[edit]

Red 
Sûr
Yellow 
Zerd
Green 
Sewz
Black 
Reş / Siya
White 
Spî / Çermû
Blue 
Şîn / Kewe

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

Bus : Pas Train : Qetar / Şemendefer

Directions[edit]

Right: Rast Left: Çep Turn: Pêç bide / La bide Go Straight: Rasa birro Street: Şeqam Lane: Kolan Neighborhood: Gerek City : Şar Market : Bazar

Taxi[edit]

Taksî

Lodging[edit]

Money[edit]

Pare / Dinar

Eating[edit]

Xwardin

Bars[edit]

What do you want to drink? 
I want to drink a cup of tea 

Shopping[edit]

Driving[edit]

Lêxurrîn

Authority[edit]

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!