Kharga Oasis

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Kharga Oasis is an oasis in the Western Desert of Egypt.



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Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) 24 26 28 31 37 40 41 41 38 32 29 24
Nightly lows (°C) 6 8 11 15 21 24 24 25 22 19 11 9

Kharga Oasis has a typical desert climate. It is extremely hot in the summer and quite cold in the winter months.

The Kharga Oasis (Egyptian Arabic: الخارجة‎‎ El Kharga pronounced [elˈxæɾɡæ]), (meaning "the outer") is the southernmost of Egypt's five western oases. It is located in the Western Desert, about 200 km to the west of the Nile valley. "Kharga" or "El Kharga" is also the name of a major town located in the oasis, the capital of New Valley Governorate.[1] The oasis, which was known as the 'Southern Oasis' to the Ancient Egyptians, is the largest of the oases in the Libyan desert of Egypt. It is in a depression about 160 km long and from 20 km to 80 km wide.[2] Its population is 67,700 (2012)

Kharga is the most modernized of Egypt's western oases. The main town is highly functional with all modern facilities, and virtually nothing left of old architecture. Although framed by the oasis, there is no oasis feeling[specify] to it; unlike all other oases in this part of Egypt. There is extensive thorn palm, acacia, buffalo thorn and jujube growth in the oasis surrounding the modern town of Kharga. Many remnant wildlife species inhabit this region

Transportation to Kharga Oasis[edit]

<big By bus</big>

The West Delta Bus Station is the city's main transportation hub and is located near town's main square which located in ramsis region .There are direct night buses from Cairo Gateway Bus Station to kharga , leaving daily from 8 pm to 10:30 pm ~ Period about buses leaving from cairo ~ (as of Aug 11,2017 ) and costing from 110 LE To 130 LE. Direct buses also run from kharga to Cairo daily, leaving at 8pm and costing the same . .

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Things to visit[edit]

1- Temple of Hibis (Persian - c. 6th century BC )

The Temple of Hibis is the largest and best preserved ancient Egyptian temple in the Kharga Oasis, as well as the only structure in Egypt dating to the Saite-Persian period (664-404 BCE) which has come down to modern times in relatively good condition. Located about 2 km north of Kharga,[1] it was devoted to a syncretism of two local forms of the god Amun: "Amun of Hibis" and "Amun-Ra of Karnak who dwells in Hibis".[2]

History of Hibis The Temple of Hibis was once surrounded by the city of Hibis (Egyptian: Hebet, meaning "the plough"[1]), which nowadays lies under the crops.[2] Construction of the temple started during the 26th Dynasty, most likely under Pharaoh Psamtik II,[2] or possibly even earlier, during the 25th Dynasty.[1] Archaeological evidences suggest that an older temple, dating back to the New Kingdom, was already present in the same place.[2] Several decades after Psamtik II, during the 27th Dynasty, the Achaemenid pharaoh Darius I took a particularly active part in its building, being credited of the decoration of the walls.[1][3] Later, several other rulers made additions or decorations here, such as Hakor of the 29th Dynasty, notably Nectanebo I and Nectanebo II of the 30th Dynasty, possibly Ptolemy IV (Ptolemaic Dynasty), and at least one Roman emperor.[2]

A first excavation campaign, organized by the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, took place in 1909–11. A more recent one, led by Eugene Cruz-Uribe, began in 1985.[2]

Reference :

2- Gabbanat El Bagawat (Coptic cemetery)

Gabbanat El Bagawat is near to Temple of Hibis . There are numbers of tombs related to Coptic's period in Egypt

Others Sites Need information

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3-Ain El Beleida (Roman) 4-Ain El Labakha (Roman) 5-Ain Manawir (Persian, Roman) 6-Ain Shams El Din (Coptic church) 7-Ain El Tarakwa (Roman) 8-Ain Tauleib (Roman) 9-Deir Mustafa Kashef (Coptic monastery) 10-Deir El Munira (Roman) 11-Gebel El Teir (Prehistoric times) 12-El Nadura (Roman) 13-Qasr El Dabashiya (Roman) 14-Qasr Dush (Greco-Roman) 15-Qasr El Ghuweita (Late Period) 16-Qasr El Gibb (Roman) 17-Qasr El Zayyan (Greco-Roman) 18-Sumeira (Roman) 19-Umm El Dabadib (Roman) 20-Umm Mawagir (Middle Kingdom, 2nd Intermediate Period)

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