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Kayan phrasebook

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Kayan phrasebook

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The Kayan language is one of the major languages of Borneo. It is spoken not only in Sarawak, Malaysia, but over a much larger area in Indonesian Kalimantan. Unlike some other Bornean languages, Kayan retains a large measure of uniformity over all this area.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Kayan is an easy language to learn. Kayan language contains many Malay and English loanwords. There are no tones or gender observed in daily conversation with Kayan speakers. Note that in Malaysia, the Kayan Baram and Kayan Rejang dialect is nearly unintelligible with each other. Generally, Kayan would be referred to as Kayan Baram. This phrasebook is dedicated solely to Kayan Baram dialect.

Vowels[edit]

like 'a' in "father"
ê 
like 'e' in "vowel" (schwa)
e, é 
like 'e' in "bed"
like 'ee' in "beet"
like 'ow' in "low",without the "w" sound
like 'oo' in "hoop", in open positions,such as in final "uh" and "uk" combinations.

Consonants[edit]

like 'b' in "bed"
like 'ch' in "China"
ch 
old spelling of c
like 'd' in "dog"
like 'ph' in "phone"
like 'g' in "go"
like 'h' in "help"
like 'j' in "jug"
like 'c' in "cat"; at ends of words, a glottal stop like the stop some people use to pronounce "something" as "sump'n."
kh 
like 'ch' in "loch" or 'c' in "cat."
like 'l' in "love"
like 'm' in "mother"
like 'n' in "nice"
like 'p' in "pig"
like 'q' in "quest" (most commonly with "u", and only in Arabic borrowings)
like 'rh' in "rheumatism"
like 'ss' in "hiss"
sy 
like 'sh' in "sheep"
like 't' in "top"
like 'ph' in "phone" (rarely used)
like 'w' in "weight"
like 'cks' in "kicks"
like 'y' in "yes"
like 's' in "hiss", like 'z' in "haze", like 'dg' in "edge"

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Basics[edit]

Hello / How are you? 
Kenun dengah(?)
Are you doing well? 
Sayu kah ika' yah?
Yes, I am fine. 
Ie, sayu kah akui.
What is your name? 
Kenun aran ka' do?
My name is ______. 
______ aran kui.
Nice to meet you. 
Sayu kenep deng pesuk ika'.
Please. 
Tulung.
Thank you. 
Sayu kenep men ika' / ikam lim / kelo'.
You're welcome. 
Sayu kenep men ika' lahuh.
Yes. 
Ie.
No. 
Nusi' / Usi'.
Excuse me / I'm sorry
Kahi asi.
Goodbye 
Pesuk la'an.
I can't speak ______ [name of language]. 
Nusi' kui jam na dahun ______.
Do you speak English? 
Jam ka' na dahun English do?
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Te' kelunan hinih aleng jam na dahun English do?
Help! 
Tulung!
Look out! 
Ineng!
Good morning. 
Sayu jehima.
Good afternoon. 
Sayu ngedau.
Good evening. 
Sayu levi.
Good night. 
Sayu malem.
I don't know. 
Nusi' kui jam.
Where is the toilet? 
Hino' jaben do?


Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
Meng ngasau akui.
Get lost! 
Lap im
Don't touch me! 
Meng gem akui!
I'll call the police. 
Seng bara pulis kui anih.
Police! 
Pulis!
Help! 
Tulung!
Stop! Rapist! 
Meng lap! Kelunan buling ketama'!
Stop! Thief! 
Meng lap! Kelunan nakau!
I need your help. 
Kahi tulung kui tei ika'.
It's an emergency. 
Hen dek aya' anih. Salet!
I'm lost. 
Lingo' kui.
I lost my bag. 
Pade' beg kui.
I lost my wallet. 
Padek telep kui.
I'm sick. 
Larem kui.
I'm in pain. 
Perah kui.
I feel dizzy. 
Perah kahung kui.
I've been hit. 
Ga' kui.
I'm bleeding. 
Ngedaha kui.
I need to see a doctor. 
Ngenep pesuk duktun kui.
Can I use your phone? 
Deng akui kahi telifon ika' yah?


Numbers[edit]

Kusung
Ji
Duwa'
Telo'
Pat
Lima'
Nem
Tusu
Saya'
Pitan
10 
Pulu
11 
Pulu-ji
12 
Pulu-duwa'
13 
Pulu-telo'
20 
Duwa'-pulu
30 
Telo'-pulu
100 
Ji atuh
110 
Ji atuh pulu
111 
Ji atuh pulu-ji
1,000 
Ji libu'
10,000 
Pulu libu'
11,000 
Pulu-ji libu'
100,000 
Ji atuh libu'
1,000,000 
Ji juta
10,000,000 
Pulu juta
100,000,000 
Ji atuh juta
1,000,000,000 
Ji libu' juta
Number ______ (car, bus, house
(kelita', bas, uma) lubun ______ (...)
Half 
Ji unang
Less 
Kurang
More 
Lebih
Roughly (more or less) 
lebih kurang

Time[edit]

Time of day[edit]

Morning 
jehima
Noon 
Belua dau
Afternoon 
Bgedau
Evening 
Levi
Night 
Malem
Midnight 
Belua malem
Now 
Kerei
Later 
Na'a
Before 
Em payan
After 
Men'uh

Duration[edit]

______ second(s) 
______ siken
______ minute(s) 
______ minit
______ hour(s) 
______ jam
______ day(s) 
______ dau
______ week(s) 
______ migu'
______ month(s) 
______ bulan
______ year(s) 
______ duman
______ hour(s) and ______ minute(s) 
If the minute is in numbers, ______ jam ______ minit. If the minute is expressed as a fraction of the hour (e.g. two and a half hour: dua jam ji unang).

Days[edit]

Sunday 
Dau migu / Dau tusu
Monday 
Dau ji
Tuesday 
Dau duwa'
Wednesday 
Dau telo'
Thursday 
Dau pat
Friday 
Dau lima'
Saturday 
Dau nem
The day before yesterday 
Dahlem dahlem / Dau men em payan dahlem
Yesterday 
Dahlem
Today 
Danih
Tomorrow 
Jima
The day after tomorrow 
Jima jima / Jima atih
Last week 
Migu' areh
This week 
Migu' anih
Next week 
Migu' maring

Months[edit]

January 
Bulan ji
February 
Bulan duwa'
March 
Bulan telo'
April 
Bulan pat
May 
Bulan lima'
June 
Bulan nem
July 
Bulan tusu
August 
Bulan saya'
September 
Bulan pitan
October 
Bulan pulu
November 
Bulan pulu-ji
December 
Bulan pulu-duwa'

Writing time and date[edit]

Writing time[edit]

1.00 
Pukun ji
1.01 
Pukun ji, ji minit
1.15 
Pukun ji, pulu-lima minit
1.20 
Pukun ji, duwa'-pulu minit
1.30 
Pukun ji, ji-unang / Pukun ji, telo' pulu minit
1.40 
Pukun ji, pat-pulu minit
1.45 
Pukun ji, pat-pulu lima' minit / Pulu-lima' minit jileng pukun duwa'

The hours are written from zero to 12. So, 06.00 PM is written as 6.00 PM.

Writing Date[edit]

Following the standard international date format, one should write the day first, followed by the month, and then the year. For example:

September 3rd, 1986 
3 September 1986; 03/09/1986; 3/9/1986
November 12th, 1997 
12 November 1997; 12/11/1997; 12/11/1997

Colors[edit]

Kayan have limited names for color. For instance, the word "nyemit" can mean blue, yellow, or green.

Black 
Pitem
White 
Puti
Red 
Bela
Blue/Yellow/Green 
Nyemit
Orange 
Oren
Brown 
Lah tana


Transportation[edit]

Phrases[edit]

How much is a ticket to ______? 
Kuri legah tiket tei ha' ______?
I want to buy one ticket to ______. 
Akui ngenep bele' tiket tei ha' ______.
Where does this car / bus go? 
Hino' kelita' / bas anih tei do?
Where is the car / bus to ______? 
Hino' kui deng ala kelita' / bas tei ha' ______ do?
Does this car / bus stop in ______? 
Ngeta' tren/bas anih ha' ______ do?
What time does the car / bus leave for ______? 
Pukun kuri kelita' / bas anih leka' tei ha' ______ do?
When will this car / bus arrive in ______? 
Hiran kelita' / bas anih tei ateng ha' ______ do?

Directions[edit]

How do I get to ______? 
Nuno kui deng tei ha' ______?
...the bus station? 
...padang bas?
...the airport? 
...padang bilun?
...downtown? 
...pasen?
...______ house
... uma ______?
Where are there a lot of... 
Hino' te' kahum...
...hotels? 
...hotel / ngavan melo'?
...restaurants? 
...kedei kuman?
...sites to see? 
...ngavan aleng sayu deng lawat / nyineng / tei?
Please show me on the map. 
Nujo' men akui halem kelatet anih.
Street 
Alan
Left 
Ta'o
Right 
Hulei
Turn left. 
Tei pedah ta'o.
Turn right. 
Tei pedah hulei.
Straight ahead 
Tutau
Towards the ______. 
Jileng ______.
Past the ______. 
Men'uh ______.
Before the ______. 
Em payan ______.
Watch for the ______. 
Nyineng ______.
Intersection/Junction 
Sipang

Food[edit]

Eat 
Kuman/Kani
Drink 
Du'i
Rice 
Kanen
Water 
Ata'
Dish 
Kan/Dapi
Chicken 
Hiyap
Pig 
Uting
Boar 
Bavui
Fish 
Masik
Duck 
Patu'
Vegetables 
Uro'

Bars[edit]

Shopping[edit]

Driving[edit]

Authority[edit]

Learning more[edit]

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!
akui paget ngenep ika alem kenep kui.. [偷笑][偷笑][色]