Kashan is a city in the Isfahan province of Iran. Kashan is the first of the large oases along the Qom-Kerman road which runs along the edge of the central deserts of Iran. Its charm is thus mainly due to the contrast between the parched immensities of the deserts and the greenery of the well-tended oasis. Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 2.5 miles (4 km) west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence Kashan dates back to the Elamite period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7000 years. After world known Iranian historical cities such as Isfahan and Shiraz, Kashan is a common destination for foreign tourists due to numerous historical places.
Kashan eyecatching scene.
Tabatabaei House, early 1800s, Kashan. A fine example of traditional Persian architecture.
A highway connects Kashan to Tehran via Qom. Kashan it is just 2.5 hours from Tehran. Also it's accessible through Na’in and Esfahan. There are many buses from Tehran to Kashan, but make sure you get a direct one (not an Esfahan bus) or else you will be dumped beside the highway many kms from Kashan! In December 2016 the VIP bus cost 660,000 rial for two people, but mahmooly bus will be cheaper. The bus may stop in Qom and rest stations, making the trip closer to 4 hours.
Both the first class and the second class train connecting Bandar Abbas and Tehran stop in Kashan. The first class train coming from Bandar Abbas arrives at about 5 or 6 o'clock in the morning and as of September 2014 the ticket cost was 706000 Rial including a small snack, a cup of tea, orange juice and water. There is a restaurant wagon that serves Rice and tchelokebap (not included in the ticket). A set of tea for two people with a tea bag lasting for three cups is 20000 Rial. The first class train compartments seating a maximum of four people are spacious and comfy but the air conditioning randomly switches from off to too cold, so better wear a sweater while sleeping. Pillows and blankets included. Also, there is one power outlet per compartment with European and American plug compatibility.
From Yazd there are two trains a day that stop at Kashan. One departing at 15:39, the other at 21:40 A ticket costs IRR 280,000. Scheduled duration of the travel 4 hours.
Kashan is a small enough town to walk to most of the main sites, and you can get pleasantly lost walking through beautiful laneways (and if you're lucky, onto Kashan's famous rooftops). Avoid taxis which are quite overpriced compared to Tehran and other cities. Local buses are cheap, a few thousand rial at most, but you need a bus pass.
soltan Ahmad Hammam top roop
In general finding the sites in Kashan is rather easy due to many dual language signs across the city.
Sialk Hill, is the remains of an ancient city, with the world's oldest zigurat, dating to the 3rd millennium BC. The oldest settlement in Sialk dates back to more than 7000 years ago. The site is still under excavation. The remains of people who used to live there can be seen.
Agha Bozorg Mosque is a historical mosque in Kāshān, Iran. The mosque was built in the late 18th century by master-mimar Ustad Haj Sa'ban-ali, the mosque and theological school (madrasah) is located in the center of Kāshān. It was here where Ustad Ali Maryam as a pupil started his career as a brilliant architect.
Boroujerdi ha Residence. The house of Boroujerdi, belonging to a trading family who migrated to Kashan, was built over a hundred years ago. The construction date can still be seen on the covered inscription of the building, completion of which took 18 years of work by tens of laborers, architects and master painters. Since exceptional attention has been paid to all minute architectural details demanded by the geographical and climatic conditions of the area, the house has attracted considerable attention of architects and recognition from Iranian and foreign scientific and technical teams.
Tabatabaie Residence A large house with several courtyards, which once belonged to a wealthy merchant. Experience how well the wind towers work.
It consists of delightful wall paintings with elegant stained glass windows and includes other classic signatures of Traditional Persian residential architecture such as biruni and andaruni.
Ameri-Ha (Amerian) House is a traditional house in Kashan built in the mid 19th century during the Qajar era, the house is one of several large spectacular old houses in the central district of Kashan.
Like the other houses around it, it was re-built after Kashan was ravaged by a series of massive earthquakes in the 18th century. The house is now a public museum.
Abbasian House is a large traditional historical house built during the late 18th century, the house is a beautiful example of Kashani residential architecture. It is said to have been the property of a famous cleric. It has six courtyards that would fit the needs of different families. One of the chambers has a ceiling designed with mirror pieces so as to give the impression of a starry sky under the nocturnal glitter of candlelight. The house is now a public museum.
Tabatabaie Residence A large house with several courtyards, which once belonged to a wealthy merchant. Experience how well the wind towers work.
Sultan Amir Shrine
Sultan Amir Bath The turkish bath is in disuse now, inspect it and afterwards the attendant will insist taking you to the roof, against a tip of course.
40 Dokhtaran Fortress
Abu-Lu'lu'ah Shrine (the assassin of Islam's second Caliph)constructed in an eleventh century distinctive Persian-Khwarezmian dynastic architectural style, consisted of a courtyard, porch and conical dome decorated with turquoise coloured tiles, and painted ceilings.
Fin Garden is one of the most beautiful historical gardens of the middle-east and the world.
It contains Kashan's Fin Bath, where Amir-Kabir a famous vizier of Qajarid was murdered by the King Nasereddin Shah. The garden covers 2.3 hectares with a main yard surrounded by ramparts with four circular towers. In keeping with many of the Persian gardens of this era, the Fin Garden employs a great many water features.
Puppets and Toys Museum of Iran presents a collection of different traditional puppets from all over Iran and the world. For kids there are workshops where they can build their own little finger puppets and toys in the yard of the old house. The museum also has a cafe and a little gift and traditional toys shop. In general the atmosphere is lovely. The museum is located close to the Khane-ie-Tabatabaii (House of Tabatabaii) and the Khaneha-ie-Tarikhi (Historic Houses).
Kashan Bazaar the bazaar with fantastic its mudbrick architecture is one of the jewels of the city. Pay a small amount to one of the touts hanging around the bazaar and you will be led to the roof of the bazaar, where you can get an idea of the technical marvel of building such large structures from mudbricks and have a wonderful view over the old city.
a ruin of old refrigerator
- Go shopping in traditional bazaar.
- Visit beautiful rose gardens in the suburbs of the city and see how traditional methods for rose water production works during spring season.
Carpet and rose water are the two world known products of the city.
koolooche ye Kashan (khoshk/dry)
- Rose House, Amiralmomenin Ave, ☎ +983615345100, . A modern and well designed restaurant with traditional Iranian and International dishes (also has a coffee shop) . edit
- Abbasian Teahouse, (Next to historical Abbasian House). Delicious food in a friendly, traditional Iranian atmosphere. Seated on Persian rugs gazing into the high ceilings is very relaxing. Reasonably priced for large servings. edit
- Ameriha Traditional Restaurant. Exclusive Restaurant with affordable prices. Decide to sit either on the balcony with beautiful view on one of the inner courtyards or inside the extravagant mirror hall and feel like a king. main dish around 5 Euro. edit
- Manouchehri Traditional Restaurant. Nice restaurant with delicious dishes. Don't forget to taste its "Shami Havidj"! main dish around 5 Euro. edit
dugh (salt lassy )
- Nimkat Cafe, Amirkabir Ave. (Near Al-Hussain Mosque). Drink coffee in a traditional designed place edit
- Hamman-e-Khan, (Copper Line, in the Main Bazaar - follow the bazaar for several hundred metres, look for stairs down to your right and a yellow sign.). Traditional bathhouse converted into teahouse, don't believe Lonely Planet when they say young Kashanis hang out here: all you will find is tourists paying too much for tea and walnut biscuits. edit
- Green House, Gozar-e Agha Alley, Behind Al-e Yasin (Melal) Historic House, Emam Khomeini St, Emam Khomeini Sq, ☎ 0098 936 340 4332 ([email protected]), . There are dormitories and private rooms at this hostel which is managed by a young Kashani couple. Ali, the husband, who is also a musician and pleases his guests' ears by playing his traditional musical instrument called santur, makes your visit of Iran a memorable one. Staying here gives you an authentic taste of the lifestyle of the young generation in Iran of which the hostel's great homemade Iranian dishes are just a small part. (Mar 2017) 15-60$. edit
- Ehsan House  -The most atmospheric place to stay is Ehsan House across the road from one of the mosques, off Fazele Naraji street (walking on the right side of the street from Kamal-ol-Mol square, you cannot miss the "Eshan" sign). It is a really nice traditional house converted into a hotel, with a beautiful courtyard and free Wifi and breakfast. Standard price is 300,000 rials for a room which can sleep three people, but it is very possible to bargain. (Dec 2010: Dutch traveller paid 150,000 for 1 person). (December 2016: EU40 for twin room). They have both traditional rooms where you sleep on the floor and rooms with bed. It is highly recommended to get a traditional room. Also ask one of the friendly staff to order traditional Iranian food.
- Sayyah Hotel  -Single room quoted 350,000/250,000 rials with/without shower in the room, both including breakfast (April 2011). Double room with aircon and breakfast 1100000 rial (October 2015). On Abazar street.
- Manouchehri House, No. 49, 7th Emarat Alley, Sabet Alley, Mohtasham St, ☎ 00983614242617, . checkin: 2:00 PM; checkout: 12:00 AM. A boutique hotel in Kashan’s historic residential neighborhood, a gold mine of traditional Persian architecture and craftsmanship. (33 58 52,51 27 08) edit
- Irani House (Kane Irani), No 8, Fifth Bastan Alley (Kooshk-e-safi), Alavi St., Fazel Naraqi Ave., Kamal-ul-molk Sq., ☎ +98 31 55240963, . checkin: 2:00 PM; checkout: 12:00 AM. The Iranian House aging more than 250 years.After seven successive years of strengthening, restoring and remodeling, this house has emerged as one of the rare traditional residences which have been restored according to scientific and technical principles. This heritage house hotel is filled with the scent of captivating unforgettable memories, Jasmine and geranium, fish and poll, the breeze on starry nights, peaceful and safe, and to name but a handful. edit
- Mahinestan Raheb Traditional Hotel. Also known as Shah Yalani's house, is located in Darb-e Bagh district on Fazel Naraghi Street with an adjacent historic water reservoir. It is one hundred and a half years old and one of the most valuable structures of Qajar era, which leads to "Fazel Naraghi" street and also to “Baba Afzal" street through "Pa Nakhl" Bazaar. This house is registered with No.12970 in 2005, and it is the first traditional hotel in Kashan equipped with its own water reservoir.The former owner of this house was “late Haj Mohammad Shah Yalani", one of Kashan’s influential traders. After his death, his granddaughter, Mrs. Mahin Dokht Madani, (Mr. Raheb's wife) bought this house and restored it .As she had a high enthusiasm to maintain this valuable monument and loved to revive her nice childhood memories, she started to rebuild this valuable building under the support of her husband (Mr. Haj Majid Raheb) known as the king of scent and rose water in Iran (Rabi Rosewater), and it is now called “Mahinestan Raheb Historic House. This glorious house has two interior and one outer courtyard, covering the yard, basement, and stairs." phone="00983155452417" 31st Lane, Fazel Naraghi St. url="http://www.msrhotel.ir"
- Sana Historical Hostel, Fazel Naraqi Street - Aqa bozorg mosque on the right hand side is shahid hoseine emami por Alley, ☎ +983155246395, . checkin: 14pm; checkout: 12pm. In the center of kashan's old town. the beautifully restored historical building has a classic central couryard garden with a basin cooling the atomospher in kashan hot climate. it is used as a community area. like most historical houses. most of kashan's major sights are within walking distance of the hostel , including the beautiful aqa bozorg mosque , historical houses and big bazar, the manager offers tour to desert and salt lake and abyaneh village whit a good car 11 euro for dormitory and 30 euro for double room. edit
- Memary Youth Hostel, Alavi street,koshke safi,Memary Traditional Hoste (city center), ☎ 00989363403606 ... [email protected], . checkin: 14.00; checkout: 12.00. If you have ever travelled to Iran, Kashan and its historical old houses are the main attractions that you must have seen, historical houses, Sultan Amir Ahmad bathhouse, Tabatabaei House, Bazzar, Saljooghi old wall, etc are the main sites in the city which you must see. If you’re feeling like staying in super friendly atmosphere and spend amiable nights gathering together we suggest you Memary youth hostel which is situated in the central touristy part of the city and just 2 minutes walking distance to the historical houses and 10 minute walking to Bazaar with the architecture of 150 old years. You can really feel old history and culture of Kashan in the big yard and a traditional pool inside the hostel The house covers 7 rooms. Get different experience with live traditional music presented by Ali and visiting work shop and conventional handicraft. Newly this house has been rehabilitated and decorated as hostel to share the relaxing and comfort feeling of the house managed by Ali and Hadi. 15 US. (33.976504,51.442844) edit
- Town of Varzaneh is undoubtedly the best desert town of Isfahan province. Having the most accessible desert of Iran ,which is 12 km southeast of town. Being close to salt lake and Gavkhooni wetland, makes Varzaneh a must-stop spot for travelers between Isfahan and Yazd. You may visit Varzaneh page for more information about desert, accommodation, and other historical attractions. The town itself has many ancient structures, including Pigeon house, Jameh Mosque, Kohneh (old) bridge, caravansary, camel-mill and a lot more. In addition, most of housewives are weaving carpets. 1000-yeaer-old Ghoortan citadel are also in Varzaneh district. Varzaneh is famous as town of white pigeons, as women are wearing white chadors since many centuries ago, keeping the traditional of pre-islamic religion Zoroastrianism, though all the people are currently Muslim. To reach Varzaneh from Kashan, the best way is to go Isfahan, and then there are many daily buses to reach there, taking 1h30 minutes. Varzaneh is reachable by regular buses (once an hour) from Jey Terminal in Isfahan. You would pay US$1 and it takes 1:30 min to reach there. Taxis are also available in front of Jey Terminal.
- Abyaneh, a famous, historic Iranian village is near Kashan. With a unique reddish hue, the village is one of the oldest in Iran, attracting numerous native and foreign tourists year-round, especially during traditional feasts and ceremonies. The village has been called an entrance to Iranian history. The local clothing, for example, is in a style of great antiquity. An Abyunaki woman typically wears a white long scarf (covering the shoulders and upper trunk) which has a colourful pattern and an under-knee skirt. Even the most immediate villages' women have different dress style so that one could tell if she is from Abyaneh or not.
- Na’in is the another Desert city toward south. it's a small and quiet town at the edge of desert. A perfect pattern of a desert town but different than Kashan. you can cycling around and Visit inside the Qanat or the under ground man made caves. to get there, ask for the bus to Yazd or Kerman or Zahedan and ask the driver to get you off Na'in.
- Town of Qamsar near Kashan is the biggest center in the Middle East for producing rose water.
- Town of Niasar is notable for an incredible man made cave and a historical fire place.
- Mashhad Ardehal is a small town less than an hour outside Kashan. This town has a shrine inside which Sohrab Sepehri, one of the most famous contemporary Iranian poets lies. Also the remains of a mysterious, old and abandoned adobe citadel sits there. There is no information about it at the site.