Karnataka is a state in Southern India and has Bangalore as its capital. It stretches from the north, from Belgaum to the south, of Mangalore. It has various land features, that is in coastal region you will find numerous coconut trees and beautiful beaches and in the interior with mountains, valleys and farmlands. Karnataka is the sixth largest state in India. Karnataka doesn't have a very long coastline, but has some of the most beautiful beaches in India. Some of the popular beaches are Karwar, Gokarna, Murudeshwar, Malpe, Ullal and Mangalore.
The climate of Karnataka varies because of the different land features. It will be hot and humid and cold also in the coastal regions, whereas in the interior it will be a little extreme.
There are many cities in Karnataka. These are some of the more notable:
Below is a selective list of sites of interest in Karnataka. It is far from exhaustive. For other sites, check regional articles.
They are the highest plunge waterfall in India. Other names include Gerusoppe falls, Gersoppa Falls and Jogada Gundi.
Karnataka is also known as Karunadu.Kannada is the principal language used to communicate by the people of Karnataka which is also mother tongue of the most.Citizen of Karnataka or who speaks Kannada is known as Kannadiga.The present Karnataka state consists of three different geographical regions namely Karavali or coastal, Malenadu or Western ghats and Bayalu seemae or plains( plateau). Arabian sea is on western side of Karnataka. The Karavali region lies between Arabian sea on the west and Malenadu(western ghats ) on the east. The region which is east of Malenadu is Bayalu seemae. The human population of Karnataka as per 2011 C.E census is around 6.25 crores or 62.5 millions.The Karnatka has rich and diversified culture. Many ancient art forms are practiced like Yakshagana, Dollu Kunita etc.
Kannada is the official language of the state and the mother tongue of around 70% of the population. Other linguistic minorities include Urdu (9.72%), Telugu (8.34%), Marathi (.5%), Tamil (3.82%), Malayalam (1.69%), Tulu (3.38%), Konkani (1.78%), and Hindi (1.87%). English and Hindi are spoken by most educated people.
Travel to Karnataka by Air: Karnataka has seven airports in Bangalore, Mysore, Hampi, Mangalore, Hubli, Belgaum, and Bijapur. The Bengaluru International Airport in Bangalore and the Mangalore International Airport are the two airports that offer international flights to and from Karnataka.
Travel to Karnataka by Rail: All major cities of Karnataka are well linked to other parts of the country by a wide rail network. Bangalore railway station is the most important railway terminal. Besides, Karnataka also has an intrastate rail network, which connects cities with in the state.Konkan Railway connects Mumbai ( Bombay ), Kochi ( Cochin ) and Goa to coastal region of Karnataka.
Travel to Karnataka by Road: An excellent network of roads connects cities internally. Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) connects the state to other major cities and states. A number of national highways link Karnataka state with other states of India ( Bharat )Goa, Maharashtra, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.
Transportation is made easy by the numerous services available from the KSRTC (Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation). They ply not only intra-state buses, but also inter-state buses to neighboring states. KSRTC reservation counters are aplenty all over the state, and tickets can also be booked online.
Also available are private bus services for interstate areas, as well as to neighboring states.
There are private cars or vans available called as taxi available which can be hired. The fare might be on kilometer basis. Also extra money is charged by these taxis or private operators for travel in night or night stay. The rates must be negotiated before commencement of journey or travel with the operators. As of now they are expensive than travel by public transport buses.
Auto-rickshaw or simply called as Auto a three wheel passenger vehicle which is popular mode of transport for short distances say within a town or city. Even though fare are fixed by government for every kilometer of distance, It is hardly followed in many places of Karnataka. It is better to confirm fare for destinations to avoid haggling.
Cycle rickshaw's can be seen in few parts of northern Karnataka.
By Railway or Train
Even though Hubbali ( Hubli ) is headquarters of South Western Zone of Indian Railway, The train or railway connectivity within Karnataka state is poor. The state capital Bengaluru is connected only to few district headquarters by railroad. The district towns which are connected to Bengalooru are Dharwad, Belagavi, Tumakuru, Mandya, Mysuru, Chitradurga, Mangalooru (Kudla), Udupi (Odipu), Karwara, Kalburgi(Gulbarga), Chamarajanagara, Shivamogga, Davanagere, Chikballapura, Ramnagara, Chikmagalore and Raichur. Konkan railway which connects Mangaluru to Mumbai has railway stations at tourist places like Surathkal,Udupi,Murdeshwar, Kumta, Gokarna Road, Karwar. Konkan railway runs along west coast of India.
There are a few airports (Aerodromes) in Karnataka, but only handful of them are operational at Bengalooru, Mangaluru, Hubli and Belagaum (Balagavi). There are daily flights operating between Mangaluru (Mangalore) and Bengaluru (Bengalore) and also between Mumbai and Mangaluru.
Karnataka has many rivers and sea shore line, Yet transportation by water is negligible as compared to other mode of transport in the state. One can find handful of boats sailing but mostly used for personal purposes or fishing.There are several factors which have hindered the water transportation in Karnataka.
Historical Places of Karnataka state
The state of Karnataka in Bharat has many historical places. Many dynasty of kings ruled here. Main among them are Rashtrakuta, Kadamba, Chalukya, Ganga, Vijayanagara,Bahamani, Hoysala, Wodeyar's. These places represent the history of Karnataka through the mankind evolution. Some of these places are Hampi , Badami , Aihole, Pattadakallu, Dambal, Banavasi, Belur, Halebeedu, Mysuru, Vijayapura ( previously Bijapur ), Kaluburgi ( Gulbarga ) and Bidar.
National Parks or Tiger Reserve
Karnataka state as a part of conservation efforts of both wildlife and forests has five national parks or tiger reserves. They are Bandipur National Park, Nagarhole National Park, Bhadra Tiger Reserve, Anshi National Park, Kudremukh National Park, Bannerghata National Park. All these parks are part of Nilgiri biosphere. Also there are many wildlife sanctuaries like Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary.
The parks have wild animals like tiger, elephants, leopards, black panther, gaur (Indian bison), dhole (wild dogs ), fox etc.
Pigeon Island ( Netrani Island ) lies about 12 Nm off the coast of Murudeshwar in Karnataka. It is a 4 hour drive from Goa, or can be reached by Konkan Railway, with Murudeshwar and Bhatkal being the nearest stations. The Dreamz Diving is the only local dives centers here. Please check in advance with them as quite a few times due to Navy training the place is closed for scuba diving.
The visibility here is generally in the 15-20m range and the dive sites are between 10 to 30m. Marine life is spectacular, with huge schools of Jacks, Barracuda, Triggerfish and Fusiliers. Many times giant Groupers, Black Tip Sharks, Kobias and Giant Tunas are spotted here, even Whales, Whale Sharks, Orcas, Dolphins, have been spotted by many divers at Netrani Island.
Netrani is considered to be the best dive location from main land India which is accessible within a day's trip to Murudeshwar.
There are plenty of companies in Bangalore who arrange for weekend scuba diving trips to Netrani.
Karnataka is trekker's paradise. There are many popular trekking spots within Karnataka.The western ghats here which consists of dense,evergreen forests crisscrossed by streams, rivers and grasslands offers lot of trekking opportunity. Popular among them are Pushpagiri or Kumara Parvata, Brahmagiri, Mullayanagiri, Narasimha Parvata, Kudremukha, Kodachadri, Ombattu Gudde, Amedikkalu, Etinabhuja, Yana. Most of these spots or places are inside wildlife sanctuaries or reserve forests which means trekkers have to get permission from forest department of Karnataka state. Also in many places camping is not allowed due to presence of wild animals, forest fire and poaching activity. Hunting of wild animals is prohibited by Indian laws. Also there are trekking places near to Bengaluru city like Savanadurga, Makalidurga, Skandagiri (Kalawarabetta) and Nandibetta. There are also many spots in and around the historical, ancient town of Hampi near Hosapete which offer rock climbing opportunities.
These are a few specialty dishes you can feast on in Karnataka:
Filter Coffee is very famous and unique about Karnataka. People also drink Badam Milk (crushed almond powder mixed with milk served hot and cold.)
The people of Karnataka are friendly and they will help you in many ways, however common crimes can happen like theft, snatching etc. Avoid traveling in villages late at night and if you have to go, go in group.Medical care facilities in villages are either inadequate or sometimes not available especially in case of mishaps or emergency. Some interior places in Karnataka do not have mobile ( cellular ) phone signals. In some places only B.S.N.L (Cellone) mobile service signals are available.