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The main mosque in Kandahar, adjacent to it is the mausoleum of Ahmad Shah Durrani and the site of the Prophet's Cloak.

Kandahar is a major city in the South of Afghanistan.


Kandahār or Qandahār (Pashto: کندهار ) (Persian: قندهار) is one of the largest of Afghanistan's thirty-four provinces and is located in the southern region of the country. Kandahār is a border province connecting the southern region to Pakistan's Balouchistan province through Chaman and used to be the capital of Afghanistan until the late 17th century. It is considered to be an economic and political hub of Afghanistan and has always played a major role in the history of Afghanistan.

Most of its inhabitants are Pashtuns (Pashto: پښتون Paṣ̌tun, Pax̌tun). Many Afghan rulers such as; Ahmad Shah Durrani, Mirwais Khan Hotak, King Abdul Rehman Khan, King Amir Habibullah Khan, King Amanullah Khan, King Nadar Khan, and King Zahir Shah have originated from Kandahar. Many Afghan famous singers such as, Ustad Zaland, Ustad Sarban, Nashenas, Obaidullah jan kandahari were from Kandahar.

Kandahar is surrounded by mountains. The capital is Kandahār, located in the south of the country at about 1,005 m (3,297 feet) above sea level. The Arghandab River runs along the west of the city. The Ring of Rivers lies alongside the city and lush green gardens enhance the natural beauty of the city.

The majority of Kandahār people are engaged in agricultural endeavour. The province has a population of nearly 2 millions, with over 1.1 million living in its capital city.

Kandahār is a major trading center for sheep, wool, cotton, silk, felt, food grains, dried fruit, fresh fruit including pomegranates and grapes, and tobacco.The city has canning plants and facilities for drying, and packing fruit.

There is an international airport in Kandahār and roads provide links to Tareen Kot in the north, Quetta in Pakistan in the south. Farah and Herat toward the west, and Ghazni and Kabul to the northeast.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Kandahar International Airport (IATA: KDH) now has flights on Ariana Afghan Airlines [] & Kam Air between Kandahar, Dubai every Wednesday Ariana & Monday Kam Air; as well as three domestic flights per week between Kabul and Kandahar and one Domestic flight from Kandahar-Herat-Kandahar every Tuesday by KamAir. Pamir Airways has daily morning flights from Kabul which is cheaper than Kam Air and Ariana Airlines. Flights are also available by the UN (UNAMA and UNHAS) and the ICRC but are only open to UN staff and other approved organisations. Kandahar Airport is quite primitive and low-tech. It is well secured, being adjacent to a large ISAF base. Approaching the departure terminal requires passing through several vehicle and pedestrian checkpoints, which is not scary or unpleasant, but can involve delays. All baggage is x-rayed and checked by sniffer dogs at a checkpoint a considerable distance from the terminal; passengers must leave vehicles for this procedure.

By car[edit]

A good highway, the A01, links Kandahar to Kabul. However, passing through Zabul province is not safe. The Highway from Kabul to Kandahar is nowadays quite safe apart from regular patrolling of security forces. Total drive is of 6 hours but can take 12 hours if there is patrolling as US Forces do not allow cars to overtake them. The highway from Herat is also being improved, again it is very dangerous where it passes through Helmand and Farah. Highway A75 which runs south towards Spin Boldak and the border with Pakistan, then continuing to Quetta is also very dangerous. Afghan police are known to force payments or steal from vehicles along the roads, especially if you are not known to them.

Dirt roads are highly likely to have landmines or explosives.

By bus[edit]

By boat[edit]

Get around[edit]

See[edit][add listing]

Mausoleum of Baba Wali, located in the Baba Saab neighborhood on the northern edge of the city.
  • Kandahar Museum, (Western end of the Eidgah Durwaza). Contains the paintings of Ghiyassuddin, regarded as one of the most important Afghan painters of all time.  edit
  • Mausoleum of Baba Wali (Baba Saab). Baba Wali is buried at this site, he is believed to be a notable person but not much is known.  edit
  • Mosque of the Cloak of the Prophet Mohammed. One of the holiest sites in Afghanistan, contains what is said to be a cloak used by Prophet Mohammed. The cloak is locked away inside and has not been taken out since 1996.  edit

Do[edit][add listing]



Buy[edit][add listing]

  • Afghanistan International Bank (AIB), Kabul Bank, Azizi Bank and Western Union all have branches in town with cash machines.

Eat[edit][add listing]

There are plenty of food choices in Kandahar, however most of them only serve Afghan cuisine. The popular items include roasted chicken, lamb, and beef, along with Afghani rice dishes, cooked vegetables, and plenty of fine fresh fruits.



Pizza Hut, Subway and Tim Horton's all have outlets inside the military airbase if you're looking for a taste of America. You need an ISAF access badge to get on the base.

  • Kandahar Coffee Shop, In Madad Chowk, +93 700300169. Coffee shop with fast food service, snooker and internet cafe. Located in the central Kandahar. A nice outlet for evening gathering  edit
  • Mumtaz Restaurant, (In Shaheedan-Chowk). Indian, Chinese and Afghan cusine, located in a large hotel.  edit


  • Lamar Restaurant, (In Shahra-e-Naw), +93 700363636. 5 star rated restaurant with Indian, Continental and Afghan cuisine.  edit

Drink[edit][add listing]

Sleep[edit][add listing]


  • Armani Hotel, (Two miles from city center, six miles from airport), (). checkin: 12 PM. B&B accommodation, provides own transport for a charge From US$22 per night.  edit


  • Continental Guest House, Shar-e Nau Road, Herat Darwaza (near Zarghoona Anna Lisa), +93 303001924, +93 70302613. In center of city, has air conditioning and Internet access inside rooms. Food is avalible from own restaurant. From US$55 per night..  edit



Stay safe[edit]

As of 2013, the city centre of Kandahar is quite safe. Bomb attacks or other mass-casualty incidents are very rare. Targeted assassinations are only a danger to those associated with the government.

Dirt roads are very dangerous and should be avoided as land mines are not necessary clear of many rural areas.


Get out[edit]

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