This is one of the few still-existing cities in the world which was founded by, and indeed gets its name from Alexander the Great (who is known as Büyük İskender in Turkish), with Alexandria in Egypt being the other notable example. İskenderun today has a population of about 300,000 people and is an industrialized city, surrounded by petrochemical plants and steelworks, although the city centre is still enjoyable with its lovely palm-lined promenade on the shore of the sea.
Nearest airport for international flights is located in Adana to the north. For domestic flights, Hatay Airport located in the outskirts of Antakya to the south (45 min. driving) is another possibility alongside Adana Airport.
There is a train station in the city, normally with many daily services from/to Adana and Mersin. However, as of August 2009, there is a renovation work on the railway leading to Iskenderun, so all train service to the city is temporarily suspended.
The city is connected to the rest of Turkey by the motorway numbered O-53 (toll-road). The southward road towards Antakya and Syria is also well-paved but windy when crossing the mountain range inbetween.
The telephone code of İskenderun is 326 (dial +90 326 when calling from out of Turkey).