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Irkutsk Oblast

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Irkutsk Oblast
Irkutsk in Russia.svg
Flag of Irkutsk Oblast.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Irkutsk(Administrative center)
Government Russian Oblast
Currency Russian Ruble (Pуб.)
Area 767,9002
Population 2,428,750(2010 est)
Language Official:Russian
Religion Russian Orthodox 28.1%, Non-Religious Spirituality 37%, Atheist 17%, Other 19.9%
Electricity 220V/60Hz (European plug)
Time Zone UTC +8
An old wooden house in Listvyanka on the shores of Lake Baikal

Irkutsk Oblast (Russian: Ирку́тская о́бласть eer-KOOTS-kuh-yuh OH-blust’) is a region in Eastern Siberia, which borders Krasnoyarsk Krai to the west, Yakutia to the northeast, Zabaykalsky Krai to the east, Buryatia to the south, and Tuva to the southwest.



  • Irkutsk — the attractive capital and largest city; one of the principal stops on the Trans-Siberian Railway and the gateway to Lake Baikal
  • Angarsk — the second largest regional city is home to the Museum of Clocks
  • Bratsk — a relatively large city on the Baikal-Amur Mainline
  • Listvyanka — located on the shores of Lake Baikal
  • Slyudyanka - southmost point of the Baikal
  • Nizhneudinsk — a small city on the Trans-Siberian with a pretty church; located near some interesting caves and a waterfall along the Uda River
  • Tayshet — nothing much to see, but many stop at this important rail junction to begin the Baikal-Amur Mainline
  • Usolye-Sibirskoye — a medium sized city on the Trans-Siberian with a mudbath spa and many archaeological sites
  • Ust-Orda — the center of the Ust-Orda region contains a museum of regional history featuring the indigenous Buryat culture

Other destinations[edit]

  • Baikalo-Lensky Nature Reserve
  • Lake Baikal. Located between Buryatia and Irkutsk Oblast, is the the deepest and oldest lake in the world and also the planet's largest body of freshwater.
  • Circum-Baikal Railway.
  • Olkhon. The largest island in lake Baikal is a real jewel, and worthy of the effort it takes to reach it.
  • Pribaikalsky National Park
  • Vitimsky Nature Reserve


Irkutsk Oblast, in particular the capital Irkutsk and the shores of Lake Baikal, is likely Siberia's top travel destination.


Russian is understood and spoken by all; some members of ethnic minorities (especially the Buryat) are bilingual and speak their native languages with one another.

Get in[edit]

By air[edit]

Irkutsk Airport is one of Russia's most important and receives international flights from Mongolia, China, South Korea, Thailand, and Uzbekistan. Domestic flights are available from most major Russian airports, including: Saint Petersburg, Moscow, Khabarovsk, Yekaterinburg, Vladivostok, and many others.

By train[edit]

Despite the importance of Irkutsk Airport, most travellers still arrive via the Trans-Siberian Railway, which stops at (from west to east): Taishet (junction with the Baikal-Amur Mainline), Nizhneudinsk, Usolye-Sibirskoe, Angarsk, Irkutsk, among other less frequented settlements.

By car[edit]

Baikal Highway crosses the region from west to east. A bus from Ulan-Ude connects Irkutsk with Buryatia.

Get around[edit]

Bratsk and Ust-Orda are accessible via the Baikal-Amur Mainline from the Trans-Siberian Railway junction at Taishet.

See[edit][add listing]


  • The Baikal Highway (Байкальский тракт), a route from Irkutsk to Listvyanka village usually taken by marshrutka. One-hour trip starts from Irkutsk reservoir and is 68km long. The road is in some distance from the Reservoir that can be seen by rare glimpses as the road goes up and down along the hills covered with pines, burches and bush.
  • The Circum-Baikal Railway (Кругобайкальская железная дорога), a memorial railway in Pribaikalsy National Park. It was a part of Trans-Siberian Railway in active exploitation till 1950s. When the main bypass was constructed the Railway lost its importance and is used now for tourist and emergency purposes. A few carriages depart from Slyudyanka, the southmost station and 4h 40min later arrive in Baikal station, wich is also a port up north. Enjoy panoramic views full of beautiful nature as the train moves along the shoreline. There are four stops and 38 tunnels during the trip. Retro trains (№988/987 Байкальский круиз) shuttle on special dates.

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Camping out on one of Lake Baikal's islands
  • Fishing galore
  • Rafting on Irkut river. It's a trip to real Taiga river. The best time for rafting is July and August. Usually, 2 or 3-day tours available. Trip starting from Irkutsk - Anchuk bus transfer. It's 120 km road. In this way you can stop at the most south point of Lake Baikal at Kultuk village, make photos with lake and eat hot smocked kharius, just cooking by locals. Next stop is Irkut river not far from Anchuk village. In this place you seating on rafts and paddling through white water. Grades of white water from 1 to 3. There is a one 3 grade place - Bolshoy porog (Big drop). Another drops are 1 or 2 grade. River flows through mountains, covered by wild forest. There are no much people here. You can meet only few fishermеn in all you trip. You can use flyfishing or spinning to catch kharius. Sometimes best bites are real grasshopper or gadfly from banks of the river. In the evening you may be attacked by small bloodsucking flying insects - use reppelents for solve this problem. Also you must use antiixodes reppelent (sold in any local supermarket in the summer) against tick-borne encephalitis, wich sometimes occurs in this region. There are no 5-hotels on this river - only campings, because this is a Barguzin national park. Nights are cold, so you must have dry warm clothes. The trip finishing near Shamanka village, near high red rock. Then transfer back to Irkutsk. More informatoin you can find in Google using @rafting [email protected] words. Most of tourist companies have an English speaking guides.


  • Michel Strogoff by Jules Verne.
  • Plays by Alexander Vampilov.[1]
  • Writings by Valentin Rasputin.[2]

Eat[edit][add listing]

Drink[edit][add listing]

Local vodka produced by OAO "Kedr": «Baik», «Слава», «Байкальская», «Звезда Байкала».

Stay safe[edit]

  • While being in woods, beware of snakes that are commonly warming in the sun on the stones. There is not many of them but some may be vipers.
  • The other problem of this (and other regions of the North Hemisphere) is ticks. Their bites may be infectious. Usually vaccinations are taken beforehand.

Get out[edit]

Irkutsk Airport is a useful hub to jump off to different parts of the country.

For closer destinations, most will travel by the Trans-Siberian Railway, which leads to Kansk and further Krasnoyarsk in the west and to Ulan Ude in the east.

The Baikal-Amur Mainline, which runs on a parallel track to north of the Trans-Siberian, begins at Taishet in western Irkutsk Oblast and on to Severobaikalsk.

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