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Iban phrasebook

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Iban phrasebook

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Iban is a tribal language of western Borneo, spoken in Malaysia's state of Sarawak, the Indonesian state of West Kalimantan, and Brunei. There are many dialects; this phrasebook uses the Kuching dialect.

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Common diphthongs[edit]

grammar[edit]

Basic Iban grammar is easy to study. Some of the grammar is closely related to Malay grammar. Word order can be either subject-verb-object or verb-object-subject.

subject-verb-object order is as follows:

I am reading a book.
"Aku benung macha bup."

Another example:

I am shopping with my friends.
"Aku benung raun enggau bala bakih aku."
I am searching for something.
"Aku benung ngiga utai."


verb-object-subject order is as follows:

I am so tired.
"Lelak amai aku."

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics[edit]

  • Aku - I
  • Nuan/Di - You
  • Au - Yes
  • Enda - No
  • Iti - Piece(s)
  • Aku deka ngena jamban dulu. - I Would Like To Go To The Toilet
  • Nuan/Di ari dini? - Where Are You From?
  • Nyamai amai utai empak tu. - This Food Is Quite Tasty
  • Aku mupuk dulu. - I'm going to leave first
Hello. 
Halo
Hello. (informal
Hi
How are you? 
Nama berita nuan?
Fine, thank you. 
Manah
What is your name? 
Sapa nama nuan?
My name is ______ . 
Nama aku _____
Nice to meet you. 
Selamat bekelala
Please. 
Minta
Could you...? 
Ulih nuan...?
Thank you. 
Terima kasih
You're welcome. 
Sama-sama meh
Yes. 
Au
No. 
Enda
Hold on. 
Anang guai dulok
Wait for a while. 
Nganti dulu
Excuse me.
Nyeliah ke aku dulu
Excuse me. (When you want to pass).
Mansak
I'm sorry. 
Minta ampun
Goodbye 
Selamat jalai
Take care 
Jaga manah-manah nuan/Bejimat nuan
I can't speak name of language well. 
Aku enda entu nemu jaku *name of language*.
Do you speak English? 
Nuan nemu jako ribai / urang putih / inggeris?
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Bisi urang nemu jaku English/Orang Putih ditu?
Help! 
Tulung!
Look out! 
Anang dia nuan!/Jimat/ Bepeda diak nuan!
Good morning. 
Selamat pagi
Good afternoon. 
Selamat ngalih ari
Good evening. 
Selamat lemai
Good night. 
Selamat malam
Good night (to sleep
Tinduk meh nuan
Do you understand?. 
Nemu nuan jaku aku?
I understand. 
Nemu aku jaku nuan
I don't understand. 
Enda aku nemu nya.
Did you know what does it mean? 
Nuan nemu reti nya?
Yes, I do. 
Nemu aku
No, I don't. 
Enda nemu aku reti nya
Where is the toilet? 
Dini endor jamban?
The toillet is in... 
Jamban ba...
Foods. 
Utai Empa
Drinks. : Utai ngirup/Ai

Gender[edit]

Male. 
Laki
Female. 
Indu

Family[edit]

Family. 
Sebilik
Grandfather. 
Aki
Grandmother. 
Ini
Father. 
Apai
Mother. 
Indai
Father-in-law. 
Apai mentua
Mother-in-law. 
Indai mentua
Son-in-law. 
Menantu laki
Daughter-in-law. 
Menantu indu
Calling for a boy. 
Igat/Bujang
Calling for a girl. 
Endu
Cousin. 
Menyadi/Kazen(Modern way)


Clock time[edit]

"Pukul brapa diatu?" 
- What time is it?
"Diatu pukul ___." 
- It is currently __ o'clock

Days[edit]

"Ari berapa saritu?" 
What day is it?
"Saritu ari ___." 
Today is ____
"Kemari" 
Yesterday
"Saritu" 
Today
"Pegila" 
Tomorrow
"Ensana" 
The day before yesterday
"Lusa" 
The day after tomorrow
"Minggu nyin ila" 
Next week
"Minggu nyin lalu" 
Last week
"Ari satu" 
Monday
"Ari dua" 
Tuesday
"Ari tiga" 
Wednesday
"Ari empat" 
Thursday
"Ari lima" 
Friday
"Ari enam" 
Saturday
"Ari minggu" 
Sunday

Months[edit]

"Bulan berapa diatu?" 
What month is it?
"Bulan satu" 
January
"Bulan dua" 
February
"Bulan tiga" 
March
"Bulan empat" 
April
"Bulan lima" 
May
"Bulan enam" 
June
"Bulan tujuh" 
July
"Bulan lapan" 
August
"Bulan sembilan" 
September
"Bulan sepuluh" 
October
"Bulan sebelas" 
November
"Bulan dua belas" 
December

Colors[edit]

Red

"Mirah"

Black

"Celum"

White

"Burak"

Gray

"Kelabu"

Yellow

"Kuning"

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

Directions[edit]

dictionary[edit]