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Gunung Leuser National Park

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Gunung Leuser National Park is a large national park covering 950,000 hectares in northern Sumatra, Indonesia, straddling the border of the provinces of North Sumatra and Aceh.


Entrance to the national park

There are two main entrance points to the park. Bukit Lawang and Ketambe. As Bukit Lawang is near Medan, it can get crowded during the week-end, especially during the public holiday period (June-beginning of July). Try to avoid the week-ends (full guesthouses, crowded feeding platform, large and numerous trekking groups).


The park is named after one the peak Mount Leuser (Gunung Leuser - 3,154 m). The highest point in the park is "Puncak Tanpa Nama" ("peak without a name"), 3,476 m.

Along with the two other National Parks (Kerinci Seblat and Bukit Barisan Selatan) on the island, it comprises the UNESCO World Heritage site of 'The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra' (status since 2004).


There is a research station at Ketembe. It is not open to the public.

Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre[edit]

In 1973 a Swiss organization set up an orangutan rehabilitation centre in Bukit Lawang. The purpose of the centre was to rehabilitate orangutans released from captivity. The rangers at the centre teach the orangutan all the necessary skills to survive in the wild. After an intense period of quarantine, readjustment to the natural habitat and reintegration into the (semi-)wild population, the orangutan is released back into the jungle. All orangutans released are still monitored by the rangers and they still provide them with supplementary food at the feeding platform until they become fully self reliant.


Part of the Barisan mountain range lies within the park. The highest peak, and the park's namesake, Gunung Leuser can be climbed. Much of the park is steep and inaccessible.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Seeing the orangutan is a magical experience. In Bukit Lawang, you can usually see them near the rehabilitation centre.

The best experience is an encounter in the jungle where there are many semi-wild and wild animals. The wild orangutan can be difficult to spot unless you go deep into the jungle but there are many options for spot/depending on our condition and situation. To see these it is best to go to bukit lawang where the wild Orangutans live in an easily accessible area. There are also white and black gibbons that make an amazing noise calling out to each other, and Thomas Leaf monkeys. If you are lucky, you may be able to see hornbills, moon snakes, monitor lizards. But it is still wildlife so nothing is guaranteed.

Since there are very few still alive, it is very improbable that either the Sumatran Tiger or the Sumatran Rhinoceros will be encountered, although footprints and droppings have been reported. For elephants, go to Tangkahan or near bukit lawang you can trek further into the jungle to try and spot wild elephants.


During the wet season, October to March, expect rain at least daily towards the late afternoon and early evening. Intensity varies, but invariably the monsoonal rains always arrive. Worst time Nov/Dec, much better the other months. Nonetheless this is the best season to spot the Orang Utans as fruits grow plentiful and Orang Utans tend to stick around the same places for a while. Climate is always very humid, so pack a lot of drinking water if you are trekking.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Medan holds the nearest big airport for accessing the region.

For Ketembe or hiking Gunung Leuser, you could fly to Kutacane from Medan (30 mins) or Banda Aceh (on Wednesdays and Fridays). [1]

Note the flights fill very quickly so make sure you book as soon as you can. Note also that the airline flying is on a contract basis and from time to time when the contract finishes there are times when there are no flights until a new contract is signed.

From Kutacane you'll need to continue by road.

By bus[edit]

  • To/fro Bukit Lawang - Medan - a one-way bus fare on large, non air-conditioned buses from Medan (Pinang Baris Bus Terminal) to Bukit Lawang, 86 km by road to the north-west, was Rp 10,000 per person (in October 2008), 3-4 hours. There should be buses every 30 minutes, but sometimes some are skipped. Back to Medan, you can take a minibus (Rp 12,000 per person (October 2008)) or a large bus (Rp 10,000, but they might ask for more). They alternate every 15 minutes from Bukit Lawang Bus Terminal.
  • To/fro Kutacane - Medan - the companies BTN and Karsima run several public minibuses a day (and one overnight) between the two (7 hours, Rp 50,000, January 2011). They leave from their ticket offices. They usually go via Berastagi where you can flag them down or hop off if you wish to make the detour.
  • To Ketambe from Kutacane - take a local mobil from the station by the market in Kutacane (about 1 hour, Rp 10,000, January 2011).

By car[edit]

  • To/fro Bukit Lawang - Medan - If you prefer the convenience of an air-conditioned transfer - a private car can be arranged for Polonia Airport or your Medan hotel pick-up. Many Bukit Lawang hotels will arrange this service for you in conjunction with an accommodation booking. See website [2] for one reliable example.

If you are a little more adventurous car rentals are also readily available in Medan for approximately Rp 350,000 a day

Get around[edit]

The villages consist of little more than the guesthouses, a few local residences and the odd shop or cafe. You can walk around but there's not much to see or do!

  • To Tangkahan from Bukit Lawang - it is about 2 hours by motorbike over dirt roads. Rates for arranging guides to drive you by motorbike to Tangkahan from Bukit Lawang were Rp 220,000 for 3 motorbikes and 3 guides to drive the bikes there and take them back. The rainy season can make sections of this route impassable. In Bukit Lawang as of July 2007 there are two guides namely Romi and Wanda who do jeep trips down to Tangkahan.
  • To get to Kedah from Ketembe you must go via Blangkejeren. It takes about 3 hours.


Permits need to be arranged at a Gunung Leuser National Park office before entering the park. The fee is Rp 150,000,- (foreigner) and Rp 5.000,- (Indonesian) per person. This fee applied since August 14th 2014 based on [Government Regulation Number 12 of 2014][3].

In Bukit Lawang this can also be paid at the orangutan feeding ground. The permit should be included in all treks and jungle activities, but check with the guide to be sure.

In Ketambe your guesthouse may ask for your passport to register you with the authorities. If you have copies of your passport (including the visa page) you can give them those instead.

See[edit][add listing]

Orangutan trek in Bukit Lawang
  • Orangutan trek in Bukit Lawang. Entering the National Park area costs Rp 150,000,- (foreigner) and Rp 5.000,- (Indonesian) per person. The Guides([email protected]) are highly qualified and can tell you a lot about orangutans and the project.
  • Elephant Camp at Tangkahan
  • Various waterfalls in the jungle

Do[edit][add listing]

The number one reason to go to Gunung Leuser National Park is for a trek, whether that's mountain trekking or trekking to spot wildlife.


Wildlife trekking[edit]

A wide range of treks into the jungle looking for wildlife are available in Bukit Lawang, Ketembe, Kedah and Tangkahan. There are many tours from 1 to 3 days (sleeping in the jungle) but more or less can probably be arranged too.

  • Bukit Lawang - it's highly recommended to do a trek with one of the official rangers from the Orangutan Rehabilitation Centre as there can be problems with guides feeding the orangutans to ensure tourists get a sighting. For more details see Bukit Lawang and see [Bukit Lawang][4].
  • Ketambe - you will see real wild living orangutans (not like in Bukit Lawang, were you can even feed them), monkeys and many kind of birds. On a 2 to 3 day trip you can go to a hot spring beside the Alas river and camp over there. The treks are not very strenuous as the emphasis is on finding wildlife not hiking. Ketambe developed for orangutans research, there is research station at Ketambe. In order to minimize disturbance, visiting this area for mass tourism is not recommended. Opposite to Ketambe, there is another place for tourism namely [Lawe Gurah][5].
  • Kedah - you can go trekking with Pak Jali, a very experienced, licensed guide, on day walks, one or two nights or for longer treks. You can expect to see orangutans in the wild as well as black gibbons,Thomas Leaf monkeys and other animals and birds.
  • Tangkahan has about 7 elephants and very few tourists. Guides there charge Rp.180,000 for guided jungle treks, though just seeing the elephants is very cheap and rides on the elephants are negotiable. Elephant trekking through the jungle in Tangkahan basically to promote environmental education for visitor through participative patrol program.

Mountain trekking[edit]

These are all multi-day treks.

  • Gunung Leuser - the best starting points are the villages near Blangkejeren. The trek from Kedah to the Gunung Leuser peak and back takes 10 days in total. Guides charge Rp 350.000,-/day/person. Since the trek is about 70% in alpine regions, you will not see too much wildlife, but exciting flora. For wildlife you better choose a trek to Gunung Angkosan (2 days) or to upper Alas valley (4 days).
  • Gunung Kemiri - the best starting point is Ketambe.

River activities[edit]

  • Rafting along the Alas River, Ketembe
  • Bathe in hot springs in the jungle near Ketembe

Buy[edit][add listing]

For souvenirs see Bukit Lawang: Buy.

There are only very small shops in Ketembe selling not much more than packets of biscuits and bottles of water. Buy everything you need in Kutacane or elsewhere.

Eat[edit][add listing]

All of the guesthouses have restaurants, usually with both Indonesian and Western food available. When trekking, your guide should provide all your food.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Guesthouses sell a range of drinks and when trekking your guide should bring enough water but you may wish to check this.

Sleep[edit][add listing]


Arranged by your guide when wildlife trekking.


Arranged by your guide when wildlife trekking.


Your guide should cover all your requirements for accommodation in the jungle, even right down to leech socks if required. Just make sure you take enough dry clothes as it's so humid nothing will dry once wet.

In the Kutacane region the electricity supply can be a bit variable so don't leave charging your camera until the morning you head out to the jungle!


  • Tangkahan
    • Bamboo River. Owned by an English woman Jane and her Indonesian husband Wayan Rp 50,000-70,000.  edit
    • Jungle Lodge. Owned by a German woman Sylvia and her Indonesian husband Alex Rp 50,000-70,000.  edit
    • Mega Inn. A third smaller, cheaper, backpacker place owned by one of the English speaking guides Mega. Mega's 3 rooms are next door to Bamboo River.  edit
  • Ketembe
    • All the guesthouses are very similar, have restaurants and can arrange tours. They are all along the main road and offer accommodation in wooden bungalows with bathroom from about Rp 50,000.
    • Friendship Guesthouse.  edit
    • Gurah Bungalows.  edit
    • Pak Mus Homestay.  edit
    • Pondok Wisata.  edit
    • Sadar Wisata.  edit
    • Wisma Cinta Alam. Guide: Johan  edit
  • Kedah
    • Rainforest Lodge.  edit
  • Kutacane - if you arrive too late for onward travel, there are a handful of options in the town.
    • Hotel Maroon, Jalan Ahmad Yani, No. 15-17 (signposted from the main road), (0629) 21078. Has four different quality rooms from basic rooms with a shared bathroom to much nicer rooms. Ekonomi: Rp 60,000; Standard: Rp 90,000/95,000.  edit

Stay safe[edit]

Some guides can get quite flirtatious/annoying with the girls during trekking trips esp in Bukit Lawang so team up with a larger group during a hike if travelling as a single female or pair.

Any woman who experiences sexual harassment in any form in Bukit Lawang should report the incident immediately to the Guides Association at +62-813-70730151 (Bahrum the leader). Also make sure you get a photo of the guide as well.

Get out[edit]

  • From Bukit Lawang, Tangkahan could be an interesting delve further into the National Park. Otherwise head back to Medan for connections elsewhere.
  • From Ketambe, you could go on to Kedah to switch from wildlife trekking to mountain climbing.
  • There are regular buses from Kutacane to Medan which pass through mountain town Berastagi (home to Sibayak and Sinabung volcanoes). Or change direction and head up to Banda Aceh.

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This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!