Giethoorn is a picturesque village in Overijssel in the Netherlands. It is known as Venice of the North because of its extensive network of canals and 180 bridges. While Amsterdam and Bruges also claim this title, Giethoorn does not just have the canals, but they are still actively used as the main mode of transport (albeit only along the central axis).
Giethoorn was founded around 1230 by the Flagellants. Flagellants were fugitives from the Mediterranean that practitioned an extreme form of mortification of their own flesh by whipping it with various instruments. The Flagellants made it the first village built on peatland in the Netherlands. Around the 16th century the villagers started digging the first canals to transport peat. A lot of farmers built their farms at these canals. Most farms are built on small islands that can only be reached by bridges. Over the centuries, the villagers dug so much peat that lakes were created in the surrounding region.
The village is small and has only 2,620 inhabitants. There are no roads in the centre, all transport is done by water over one of the many canals (but nowadays there is a cycling path). Venice has gondolas, Giethoorn has punters, traditional flatbottom boats that are used for transport over the canals. Giethoorn has a long shape and is separated in three tiny settlements: Noordeinde, Middenbuurt and Zuideinde. The Dorpsgracht is the central canal that connects these separate settlements. The farms and houses are separated from each other by small canals. The bultrugboerderij is a common type of farm in Giethoorn. It seems to have a large bump because the barn is larger than the house in front.
The village became nationally famous in 1958 when Dutch film maker Bert Haanstra shot his famous comedy Fanfare here. In the 2010s there has been a strong increase in visitors from China. Bus signs and time tables have been translated in Mandarin Chinese.
First you have to go to Steenwijk by train. If you come from Amsterdam, this usually means that you have to get onto the Intercity to Lelystad Centrum and then switch onto the Intercity to Leeuwarden (get off at Steenwijk). Then switch onto bus 70 to Giethoorn. Bus 249 is an alternative that is only available in high season. This bus also operates on weekends.
You can also go to Meppel (which has more train connections) and then rent a bike from the railway station there to go to Giethoorn.
If you're coming by car, keep in mind that you cannot drive in the centre of Giethoorn. From Amsterdam, follow the signs to Almere, Lelystad and Emmeloord. Ttake exit 15 of the A6, drive onto the N331 in the direction of Marknesse. Take the exit in the direction Blokzijl/Steenwijk and continue your route along the N333. Follow the signs to Giethoorn.
You get around by boat. Hire a punter and navigate the canals. Anyone can do this, it is not difficult.
Bus 70 connects the centre of Giethoorn with the surrounding area.
There are many small museums in Giethoorn.
Free Wi-Fi in restaurant Fanfare, but a beverage is required.
There are some other highlights in the surrounding area. The villages Vollenhove en Blokzijl can be explored or you can visit the town of Meppel. Weerribben-Wieden National Park also makes an excellent onward destination.