Galkacyo is located in Central Somalia, and remains one of the most developed cities in the region.
The city has a north/south divide and a small airport, which has been the center of controversy for many years. During the time of the Italian occupation, the city was referred to as Gallacaio, and later, as Rocca Littorio.
Galkacyo is also home to several media outlets. These include Radio Gaalkacyo (formerly Radio Free Somalia), which is affiliated with the Puntland government and with the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF), as well as Radio Codka Nabadda, Radio Daljir, Radio Hikma and Radio Codka Mudug, the latter of which is affiliated with the the Galmudug sub-region and the former United Somali Congress (USC).
Districts: Galkacyo consists of the following districts:
Galkacyo has an International Airport (Abdullahi Yusuf International Airport) on the border between Puntland and the Galmudug Administration. Typically, this is the safest way to enter the city. The airport connects with other major cities in Somalia, and sometimes with Addis Ababa, Dubai, Wajir, and Nairobi. The airport has a paved runway, and not much is known for how the airport interior looks.
There are roads that connect South Galkayo with the Ethiopian border, and go on to reach Jijiga and the Somaliland border. The roads that lead out of North Galkayo are generally not safe because of the territorial dispute between Somaliland and Puntland in that region. As a rule of thumb in Somalia, it is NOT SAFE to drive.