Fushun (抚顺; Fǔshùn) is a city in Liaoning Province of China.
Fushun is a prefecture level city in the east of Liaoning. Within the area is Xing City (In Manchurian: Hetu Ala). This was the former capital of the Manchurian Late Jin Dynasty, founded in 1616 which later became the Qing Dynasty of China. Nearby is the Yongling Tomb where members of the royal household were laid to rest. Both Xing City and Yongling Tomb are now preserved as tourist attractions and are UNESCO world heritage sites.
In the early 20th century, the area came under first Russian and then Japanese control. Fushun was developed as a major coal mining and heavy industrial area. This city was called 'Coal Capital of China'. Fushun was also the site of China's first non-ferrous metal production plant - Fushun Aluminium Plant. During the 1980's, a significant petrochemical industry was developed. It is now the largest petrochemical and refined chemical producer in China. With these industries came inevitable pollution. In 2001, the city launched a drive to improve its environment, introducing new equipment into the factories, especially the Aluminium Plant.
Lei Feng is little known to the wider world, but in China, he is a household name. Lei Feng was held up by Mao Zedong and other leaders of China as an example for the whole country to copy, a model of the communist idea. Fushun was the city of his military career and a museum here tells his life story.
The nearest airport is Shenyang Taoxian International. It is about 30 to 40 minutes drive by road to Fushun form this airport. Shenyang Taoxian has frequent flights to destinations all over China as well as Japan, North and South Korea, Russia and other international routes.
The Shenfu Express Way connects Fushun with the nearby provincial capital, Shenyang. The journey takes about 30 minutes. From Shenyang, a number of express ways radiate out to other cities in Liaoning as well as neighbouring provinces.
Regular buses or coaches run the route between Shenyang (from Minzhu Lu, oposit the south railway station) to Fushun South railway station form 5AM till 7PM every day. They leave when full which may be as frequently as every 10 minutes. The fare is ¥10 and journey time is about 60 to 90 minutes. On route the bus will stop at various tourist sites (Dongling, Garden Expo, Royal Ocean World) to pick up or drop off. On entering Fushun city, the bus passes Fushun south station then takes a circuitous route round the whole city before stopping back at the south station again. Bus company tel: +86 413 7614552.
Other less frequent buses run to other cities in Liaoning and Jilin. There is also a direct bus to and from Beijing.
There are two train stations in Fushun - the North and the South stations. Trains run through this station from locations such as Shenyang, Beijing, Tumen and Tonghua and other cities en route between these points. Fushun South Station Tel: +86 41 3262 4816.
There are two bus stations neighboring the North and South train stations. Routes run throughout the city. The Yongling tomb and Hetu Ala City (Xing City) world heritage sites can be reached by bus from Fushun South station. This route runs every half an hour between 7:30AM and 4:30PM and the fair is ¥16.
- Zhonghua Temple (中华寺; Zhōnghuásì). edit
- Manchu Imperial temple - Xianyou Temple. edit
- Manchu Imperial Temple - Dizang Temple. edit
- Luotai Mountain Villa. edit
- Nanshan Scenic Area. edit
Wanghua District (望花区; Wànghuāqū)
These sites are to the south and west of Fushun city, within the urban area.
- Leifeng Memorial Hall (雷锋纪念馆; Léifēng Jìniànguǎn), 61 Huping Road, Wanghua District (望花区和平路东段61号; Wànghuāqū Hépínglùdōngduàn), ☎ +86 41 3665 8818. 8:30AM-4:30PM. Originally built as a museum in 1964, the building was converted to the Lei Feng Memorial Hall in 1992. The park mimics in miniature, the royal tombs. It is beautifully set out. Inside the hall are modern, well-presented displays in both English and Chinese. Lei Feng was born in Fushun and became famous throughout the country. His life is seen as an example of how every Chinese person should conduct themselves. The memorial hall contains an exhibit which tells the story of Lei Feng's life and works. Here you can see some of his personal belongings, photographs, and his own writings. This site is an AAAA rated tourist attraction on China's national scale. Dress regulations apply, no flip-flops. Free. edit
- Royal Ocean World (皇家极地海洋世界; Huángjiājídehǎiyángshìjiè), Wanghua District (抚顺高湾(沈吉高速抚顺西出口)) (Off the Shenfu highway midway between Shenyang and Fushun cities. From Fushun take bus No.811. A taxi from Fushun city will cost ¥30-40 (negotiable). Bus No.2 from Shenyang South railway station or No.3 from Shenyang North railway station on route to Fushun stop on the expressway near the park. The bus fare is ¥10), ☎ +86 41 3611 8888 or +86 24 8271 1236 ([email protected], fax: +86 41 3620 1660 or +86 24 8271 1239). A family theme park opened in 2008 and still under expansion, it claims to house the largest aquarium in Asia. It offers the following attractions: Ocean World contains sea and freshwater aquariums filled with all manner of aquatic life. Century Forest focuses on reptiles, lizards, snakes and crocodiles. Narnian Castle, a theatre where animal shows are performed several times throughout the day (show times may vary throughout the year). Susu world is a soft play centre for children. Hawaii Waterpark is a large water park with an indoor artificial beach with wave pool. It also has many water slides, a spa area and several water activities for children. Each of these attractions can be purchased separately or on a combined ticket. ¥70-140. edit
- Xilutian Mine (西露天矿; Xīlùtiānkuàng), Wanghua District (Just south of the city), ☎ +86 41 3254 8859. This National Industrial Tourist Exemplary Spot is the largest open cast coal mine in Asia. It is 6.6 kilometers from east to west, north to south it is 2 km wide, with a total area of 13.2 square kilometers. The vertical depth is 388 meters mining. The site opened in 1914 and continues in use to this day. edit
Shuncheng District (顺城区; Shùnchéngqū) and Xinfu District (新抚区; Xīnfǔqū)
These sites are on the north and east side of the river within Fushun City urban area or within easy travel of the city.
- Dahuofang Reservoir (National Water Conservancy Scenic Area) (大伙房水库; Dàhuǒfáng Shuǐkù), (Eastern outskirts of Fushun City). Covering 110 square kilometres and with a capacity of 2.2 billion cubic metres, this is the largest reservoir in the north of China. edit
- Fushun War Criminals Management Centre (抚顺战犯管理所; Fǔshùn Zhànfànguǎnlǐsuǒ), Below Gaoer Mountain, Ningyuan Street, Xinfu District (新抚区宁远街高尔山下; Xīnfǔqū Níngyuǎnjiē Gāoěrshānxià) (This is on the north edge of the city. Take bus 9 form Fushun South Station or a short taxi ride), ☎ +86 41 3768 4346 (fax: +86 41 3767 2507). It was here that the last emperor, Puyi, along with other Japanese and Kuomintang war criminals, were detained after the end of World War II. The site is now open for tourists to view. The galleries show the transformation of the war criminals and their living conditions. ¥15. edit
- Gao'er Mountain Park (高尔山古塔; Gāoěrshān Gǔtǎ), (On the north edge of town on the other side of the railway line from the Fushun War Criminals Management Centre), ☎ +86 41 3767 3079. A beautiful area of mountainous parkland dotted with Buddhist temples, statues and pagodas. The tall pagoda at the top of the hill dates to 1088 making it the oldest extant pagoda in China. It is 14.1 metres high with a diameter of 6.8 metres. edit
Dongzhou District (东洲区; Dōngzhōuqū) and Fushun County (抚顺县; Fǔshùnxiàn)
These sites are outside of Fushun city to the east but still within easy travelling distance.
- Saerhu Scenic Area (萨尔浒风景区; Sàěrhǔfēngjǐngqū), Dongzhou District (东洲区; Dōngzhōuqū) (Southeast side of Dahuofang Reservoir (抚顺东郊的萨尔浒风景区)), ☎ +86 413 4460562. 8:30AM-5PM. This park of 268 square kilometres surrounds Dahuofang Reservoir which is itself 110 square kilometres and the largest man-made lake in Liaoning. It was in these surroundings that the Nuzhen tribes first settled before going on to united the Manchu and become the Qing rules of China. The mountains were the scene of Sar Hu Battle in 1619 between the fledgeling Manchu kingdom and the mighty Ming Dynasty of China. The Ming sent a 480,000 strong army to crush the Manchurians but were defeated by the superior tactics of the Manchu arm which numbered no more than 70,000. This is an AAA rated tourist site on the National Chinese scale. edit
- Yuanshuailin National Forest Park (元帅林国家森林公园; Yuánshuàilín Guójiāsēnlín Gōngyuán), Fushun County (抚顺县; Fǔshùnxiàn) (About 32km from Fushun city centre.), ☎ +86 413 3480628 (fax: +86 413 4074678). This park, created in 1992, covers an area of 10.44 hectares. It is located northeast of Fushun city on a promontory on the north side of Dahuafang Lake. edit
- Guanshanhu National Water Conservancy Scenic Area (关山湖国家水利风景区; Guānshānhú Guójiāshuǐlìfēngjǐngqū), Fushun County (抚顺县; Fǔshùnxiàn) (23 km southeast of Fushun City). This reservoir, also known as Beihu (north lake) is a popular beauty spot with dense forest, mountain and lake. edit
- Sankuaishi Forest Park (三块石森林公园; Sānkuàishí Sēnlíngōngyuán; lit. Three Stone Forest Park), Fushun County (辽东山区腹地的抚顺县) (Near Liaodong mountain about 53 km from Fushun City), ☎ +86 413 2650174. 8:30AM-5PM. Here you can hike through forest covered mountains which abound in wildlife. Within the area is the site of a revolutionary base during the war again Japan and the following Chinese Civil War. Preserved trenches can still be seen. ¥8. edit
Xinbin and Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous Counties
These sites are some distance east from Fushun city centre and should be given adequate time for travel.
- Hetuala City or Xing City (赫图阿拉城址; Hètúālāchéngzhǐ), Near Yongling in Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (About 70km east of Fushun city centre), ☎ +86 413 5154706, 5170024 ([email protected], fax: +86 413 5170057). 8AM-5PM. This nationally rated AAAA-class scenic area is near to the Yongling Tomb UNESCO world heritage site. It was here that in 1616, Nurhachu set up his capital city founding the Late Jin Dynasty of the Manchurian people that would later become the ruling Qing Dynasty of China. The site preserves the remains of this former capital and displays unique Manchurian architecture, customs and culture. ¥20. edit
- Qingyong Tomb (清永陵; Qīngyǒnglíng), Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (新宾满族自治县永陵镇西北起连山脚下), ☎ +86 413 5154318 (fax: +86 413 5154318). 8:30AM-4:30PM. One of the three tombs of the Qing dynasty 'North of the wall'. Dating to the 17th century, the buildings are a fine example fo Manchu architecture. This is a UNESCO world heritage site. ¥10. edit
- Pingdingshan Tragedy Memorial Hall Ruins (平顶山惨案遗址纪念馆; Píngdǐngshāncǎnànyízhǐjìniànguǎn), Pingdingshan Village in Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County. In 1932, Japan invaded the northeast of China. In an event known to history as the Pingdingshan Tragedy, 3000 people were killed by the Japanese. This site marks a mass grave where, in 1972, the bodies of 800 victims were found. edit
- Houshi National Forest Park (猴石森林公园; Hóushísēnlíngōngyuán; lit. Stone Monkey Forest Park), Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (新宾满族自治县西南) (55km from Fushun city centre.), ☎ +86 413 5150119 (fax: +86 413 5161085). 8AM-4PM. On the national scale, this is a National AAAA-class scenic area. 30RMB. edit
- Qingyun Temple (青云寺; Qīngyúnsì), (Near Qingyuan city in Qingyuan Manchu Autonymous County). edit
- Hunhe River Source Forest Park (浑河源森林公园; Húnéyuánsēnlíngōngyuán), Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County. A 8240 hectare park. edit
- Xiahu Senic Area (夏湖风景区; Xiàhúfēngjǐngqū), Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County (Off of Highway 202 15km from Qingyuan city train station). This is 700 hectares of mountains, forests and rivers. edit
- Honghu Red River Canyon rafting (红河峡谷漂流; Hónghéxiágǔpiāoliú), Red River Valley, Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County, Fushun. (清原满族自治县大苏河红河谷漂流), ☎ +86 413 3029169. Open all year, peak season: J, A and S.. Explore down a 12.8km section of river in a small, four to six seater, rubber raft passing through unique mountain scenery. This attraction has acquired AAAA ratings in China's national tourist attraction scale. The river has a catchment of 784 square kilometre catchment area with sparse population, so there is plenty of water which is clean and free of pollution. The route takes you over some white water sections rated somewhere between easy and moderate. The river is between 20 to 50 metres wide and generally 1m deep. The route starts in of the original Su-Tuen Shahe he Xiang, in Red River Valley, Manchu Autonomous County, Fushun, and runs down to Red River Reservoir. It takes about three hours to complete the route. ¥125. edit
- Su River rafting (苏子河漂流; Sūzǐhépiāoliú), Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County, Fushun. (Off of National Highway 202). This 13km stretch of unspoiled river is 90km from any urban area. It takes about 3 hours to complete the route. edit
Fushun is home to China's biggest open cast coal mine, so it isn't surprising that you can buy coal here. What may surprise you is that the coal can be carved and polished into ornaments and jewelry. The area also produces large amounts of amber which also is used in jewelry. A traditional Manchu product available locally is deer musk. In Xinbin County they produce Cashmere wool products of high quality. Another local art form is tree root art. The contorted roots of trees are polished and turned into artworks.
Fushun's nightlife is not fancy. Not many people will stay out past mid-night. The largest night club is "F1 Club" located just closed to "Imperial palace bath" in the central district of city. In front of which there is a statue of Chairman Mao. The club is large and modern style and various shows will be on sometimes. "F1 Club" has been closed, new club in its place is called "H.K. MILK club".
- Fushun Friendship Hotel (抚顺友谊宾馆; Fǔshùnyǒuyìbīnguǎn), 4 Yongning Street, Xinfu District (新抚区永宁街4号; Xīnfǔqū Yǒngníngjiē (20 minutes walk east of the south train/bus station), ☎ +86 413 2810000 (fax: +86 413 2426773). checkin: 2PM; checkout: 12PM. A four star hotel on the south bank of the Huang River. This is a large hotel complex containing leisure facilities such as sauna, swimming pool, gym, 10 pin bowling, KTV, bars and restaurants. The staff can speak some English and the rooms are modern and clean. Nearby there is a large park and the neighbourhood is mainly residential. ¥442. edit
- Fushun Coal Hotels (抚顺煤都宾馆; Fǔshùnméidūbīnguǎn), 1 Ying Street, Xinfu District (新抚区迎街l号; Xīnfǔqū Yíngjiē), ☎ +86 413 2534590. A three star hotel. edit
- Jinsui Hotel (金穗宾馆; Jīnsuìbīnguǎn), 25 Biaonian Road, Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (新宾镇表年路25号; Xīnbīnzhèn Biǎoniánlù), ☎ +86 413 5081500. edit
- Sanyu Floor Hotel (煜圣楼酒店; Yùshènglóujiǔdiàn), Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (新宾镇; Xīnbīnzhèn), ☎ +86 413 5027857. edit