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Fukui (prefecture)

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Fukui (prefecture)
Fukui in Japan.svg
Flag of Fukui Prefecture.svg
Quick Facts
Capital Fukui
Government Japanese Prefecture
Currency Japanese Yen (¥)
Area 4,188.99 km2
Population 795,437
Language Japanese(No official language)
Religion n/a
Electricity 100V/50 or 60Hz (U.S. plug, commonly 2-prong without ground)
Time Zone UTC +9(No DST)

Fukui (福井, [1]) is the southernmost prefecture in the Hokuriku (北陸) part of the Chubu area of Honshu, Japan.


  • Fukui - seat of government in the northern part of the prefecture and an important crossroads historically and today
  • Echizen - second largest city in the prefecture and ancient capital of the prefecture. Famous as the one-time home of the celebrate author Murasaki Shikibu
  • Obama - renowned for having the same name as the US President, as well as a large marketing campaign based on that coincidence
  • Ono - historic castle town. Often referred to as 'Little Kyoto'.
  • Tsuruga - a small harbor city on both the Hokuriku Toll Road and the Hokuriku Rail Line, and home to two of the JAPCO Nuclear Power Stations
  • Sakai - re-oganized in 2006 to incorporate the towns of Harue, Maruoka, Mikuni and Awara; Awara is famous for its onsens
  • Sabae
  • Katsuyama - mountainous city with popular ski slopes and a very nice dinosaur museum; two dinosaurs, Fukuiraptor and Fukuisaurus, were discovered in Katsuyama

Other destinations[edit]

  • Echizen Coast - Echizen's rocky coastline is famous it's beauty and for delicious crab, as well as other seafood
  • Tojimbo - a beautiful rock formation located in the north of the prefecture; sadly also a popular suicide location and rumored to be haunted
  • Eiheiji Temple - the head temple of the Soto Zen school of Buddhism, established in 1244
  • Mihama - literally "Beautiful Beach", a small ancient fishing village near Tsuruga also where apparently Oda Nobunaga, who is famous for uniting almost all of Japan under one rule, spent a night after a rough battle and thanked the locals by having a garden placed in the backyard of the fief lord's house


Fukui is directly across the Sea of Japan from the Korean Peninsula. Its harbors are frequented by Russian and Korean cargo vessels.

Although the present characters for Fukui means "lucky well" (福 = lucky or fortunate 井 = well - ie. water hole), the city was originally given the name "福居" in 1623 by its daimyo Matsudaira Tadamasa. The name was changed during the Genroku era for uncertain reasons -- one theory even claims that it was due to a clerical error.


The dialect spoken in Fukui is widely different between south and north. The southern dialect, called Wakasa-ben, is near to the Kansai dialect, however the northern dialect, called Fukui-ben, has a sing-song-y rural feeling to it. The Mihama dialect in southern is like many country dialects in Chubu.

Get in[edit]

By train[edit]

Fukui is on the Hokuriku Rail Line from Osaka and Kyoto.

By car[edit]

If you are able to travel by car or by bus, Fukui is accessible via the Hokuriku Tollway by car from all parts of Chubu, and several different bus lines make stops at Tsuruga and Fukui City from places like the new Chubu International Airport and Nagoya home of the 2005 World Expo.

Get around[edit]

Fukui has the largest rate of car ownership in all of Japan, and for good reason. The public transport is not as well developed as in other areas of Japan, such as the Tokyo or Kansai areas. However, it is possible to access most areas by train or bus.

There are two types of trains running through the prefecture: JR and private train line. The JR line runs north-south (coming from Kyoto/Osaka in the south and Kanazawa in the north) and most stop at Tsuruga, Takefu (Echizen City), Fukui City, and Awara. There are a few private train line with their own stations that are better for shorter distances, though more expensive than the local JR trains. One runs through Echizen City, Sabae, and Fukui City (Transfer on foot from JR at Takefu/Echizentakefu, Sabae/Nishisabae, or Fukui/Fukuiekimae). Another line runs north from Fukui station. There is also a line east to Ono City.

Buses are another way to get around, though they are most frequent around Fukui City. Buses do reach most smaller towns, but there are usually only a few per day. Check on last bus times, since buses do no run late at night.

See[edit][add listing]

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Beach Activities
  • Historical Sites - the city of Obama promotes itself as Nara by the Sea, as there are lots of historical sites, temples and shrines
  • Skiing and Snow boarding - Ski Jam Katsuyama, Izumi, Imajo 365, Ono

Eat[edit][add listing]

Fukui is well know for its beef grown in the Wakasa area of Western Fukui Prefecture, its crabs (越前蟹 echizen-gani) which are prized for their guts called kani-miso, and for soba buckwheat noodles.

Drink[edit][add listing]

Water in Fukui comes from mountain springs, and the rice claimed as the best in Japan (although Niigata next door might dispute that). Add these two together and you'll get some excellent sake.

Get out[edit]

Don't ever leave.Create category

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