Favignana is the largest of the three principal Aegadian Islands just off the coast of northwestern Sicily. It is served by frequent ferry services from the nearby port of Trapani.
With a history stretching back to ancient times, a decisive battle between the Romans and Carthegenians was fought off its coast in 241 BC.
Starting in the 18th century Favignana's main industry was tuna fishing, for which the area is still renowned. A former tuna processing center owned by the influential Florio family today serves as a museum and tourist attraction.
It has become a popular tourist destination due to its surrounding turqoise waters, plentiful sun and slower pace of life.
Ustica lines (tel +39 0923 873813) operates a ferry service from Trapani and from Marsala to the three Aegean islands (Favignana, Levanzo, and Marettimo). The first ferries leave for Favignana between 7:00 and 7:30 am. The last ferry departs Favignana for Trapani at 20:00. The last ferry to Marsalla leaves at 17:00. Tickets can be purchased from kiosks at the port. Arrive early for the evening return ferries, particularly on the weekends, as they can be sold-out at times. Fares run between 5 EUR and 9 EUR each way.
A local bus line makes a circuit of the island three times a day, while local taxi services offer tours and trips to beaches at a relatively low cost.
Bicycle around the flat sections of the island and visit some of the beautiful swimming areas such as the Cala Rossa or the Cala Azzurra. Many companies rent bicycles (for a cost of about 4 euro a day) and with little traffic on the island riding is a breeze.
There is a local medical clinic, but the closest real hospital is across the bay in Trapani. Locals say medical helecopters are a daily sight in the August high season. Care should be taken on bicycles and along the cliffs that line some beaches.