A brief introduction: At an elevation of 8,848.13 meters, Mount Everest, or Mount Qomolangma is the main peak of the Himalayas. This world’s No. 1 peak rises high on the border of China and Nepal. It’s northern slope lies in the Tingri County of Tibet. Commanding reverence from fellow giant peaks nearby, Mount Everest is shaped just like a majestic pyramid propping up the sky for the Earth. Surrounding Mt. Everest, 4 (Mt. Makalu, Mt. Lhotse, Mt. Cho Oyu and Mt. Shishapangma) of the world’s 14 peaks above 8,000 meters stand guard within a sphere of 200 square kilometers. They are escorted by another 38 peaks above 7,000 meters above sea level. Together they form one of the world’s most grandiose landscapes.
For foreign travelers, Everest Base Camp has become one of the most popular trekking destinations in Tibet, offering the chance to gaze on the magnificent north face of the world’s highest peak-- Mount Everest.
Analyses of geological structure indicate that in the Mesozoic Era about 230 million to 70 million years ago, the region where Mt. Everest stands now was part of the ancient Mediterranean Sea. Beginning from the late Tertiary Period of the Cenozoic Era, the region gradually rose. Chinese scientists have concluded that Mt. Everest is still rising at a speed of 3.2 to 12.7 millimeters per year.
At the top of Mt. Everest, there always hangs a wisp of cloud. It flies eastward in the fast western wind just like a flapping flag. This is the unique phenomenon of the area-- the “Cloud Flag of Mt. Everest”. At times, the cloud will change from surging waves into a thin cooking smoke, or from galloping steeds into the mysterious veil of a goddess. Gazing at Mt. Everest, one will immerse in a solemn ethereal mood.
In recent years, mountain climbers and explorers have focused on Mt. Everest. It has become many brave people’s dreams to demonstrate their courage and skills by climbing onto this world’s highest peak. The weather is relatively mild and steady with less rain or snow in early Mar. to late May, and again so from early Sept. to late Oct.. These are the 2 best seasons for tourists and mountain climbers.