Etosha National Park
Etosha National Park is the 2nd largest of Namibia's game reserves (after Namib-Naukluft National Park, Africa's largest and the worlds 4th largest nature reserve). It spans 20,000km² in Northern Namibia.
Etosha National Park name means "big white place", referring to the Etosha Salt Pan.
Namuntoni: The waterhole in the camp first came to notice of Europeans as the place where travelers John Anderson and Francis Galton camped at the time that they discovered the Etosha Pan in 1851. From 1897 Namutoni served as a control post during the "rinderpest" epidemic. When the epidemic abated it remained a frontier post which supervised trade with Owamboland.
Etosha landscape is quite unique, has different sizes of salt pans and the lush grasslands, which attracts animals, particularly in the drier winter months, because it is a source of water in a very dry land.
Flora and fauna
Wildlife that can be seen here include: Rhinos, Lions, Zebra, Giraffes, Gemsbok, Springbok, Wildebeest, Elephants, and Jackals.
The Etosha National Park has a savanna desert climate. The annual mean average temperature is 24 °C (75 °F). In winter, the mean nighttime lows are around 10 °C (50 °F), while in summer temperatures often hover around 40 °C (104 °F).
To visit Etosha, one needs a vehicle. Rent a car at the airport.
Visitors are not permitted to wander around the park (except in the enclosed camping/hotel areas) on foot. The B1 (from either Oshakati or Tsumeb) brings you to the park's eastern gate at Namutoni. The C38, from Outjo bring you to the park's southern gate.
There are also several safari companies operating from Windhoek and Swakopmund, which offer tours of varying length in Etosha. Safari companies are also allowed to enter the western part of the park, which is closed to private visitors.
Fees is subject to change.
As mentioned above, you need a vehicle to get around the park. The roads are all well-graded gravel, so there is no need to have a four-wheel drive. Since the dust generated by traffic is damaging to the environment, the speed limit is 60 km/h (37 mph). Be careful when driving on gravel roads especially, when braking as there is very little traction available and one can skid very easily. Remember to fuel up in advance as the fueling stations are only at the camps and distances in Namibia are deceptive.
A good map that has all the water holes that tells you where to see the animals you may want to see.
All facilities inside the park are run by Namibia Wildlife Resorts , a company owned by the Namibian Government.
There are designated rest camps for visitors, enclosed by walls and fences. All campings have permanent accommodation, petrol stations, pools and shops for those things you forgot. The gates for camps open at sunrise and close at sunset. You are not allowed outside of a camp during night. Bush camping is not permitted. Camps have waterholes with floodlights.
Stay in your car; wild animals can be dangerous. There are plenty of picnic spots around the park where one can alight from your vehicle, but these are not all fenced so be on the lookout for animals. At night, jackals may walk around your campsite, they will usually flee when they see you but be careful, some jackals carry rabies.
Although all campsites are fenced, do not sleep outside, especially not on the benches surrounding the waterholes. The fence is not high there and not really an obstacle for a lion.
Etosha is in the malaria zone, so take appropriate precautions.