Enna is a city in central Sicily, Italy. It's about 1000m above sea level, so be prepared for the chill winds, even in the middle of a scorching Sicilian summer.
Enna is situated near the center of the high and wide mountain ridge, in Sicily. Enna was a city with many names and nicknames. The current name is of Latin origin.
From Palermo, Siracusa and Aeolian Islands with Amphibious aircrafts you can reach Enna Water Aerodrome at the Nicoletti Lake.
The nearest airport is in Catania (CTA) at 82km.
Palermo airport (PMO) is at 162km.
Ragusa Comiso Airport (CIY) is the nearest airport.
Several trains a day run to Palermo, Catania, Caltanissetta and Agrigento. However, beware, the railway station is 5km away well below the Enna, with only hourly buses into the centre.
Frequent buses run to Palermo (the main cities crossed are Gela, Caltagirone and Piazza Armerina), and Catania (more than 20 times a day), and less frequently to the nearby towns and to many other destinations in all Sicily. Although it's very close there are only 2 buses or so a day to Caltanissetta. The main bus station is 10 minutes walk from the center of Enna Alta, but more buses run from Enna Bassa (146 bus lines are available here), because university is placed there. However, these 2 terminal buses are strongly connected, and you may get one from the other thanks to many buses which run every few minutes. The local bus company SAIS Autolinee S.p.A, which runs all urban and intercity buses in Enna, also provides some buses a week to get Rome, Tuscany, or other regions in central Italy and in southern Europe.
There are 6 urban bus lines for getting around the city. One is between western and eastern parts of Enna Alta, crossing the city centre, other 4 are between Enna Alta and Enna Bassa, the last one is to Pergusa. City centre is not so large, and you can easy go on foot, so that you will better appreciate the beauties of the old, charming streets which compose it. Not many tourists use the car to get around, because traffic is heavy and finding a free parking may be hard during hours when offices and shops close.
Castles, walls, towers and archaeology sites
- Janniscuru Gate (Porta di Janniscuru), 94100 Enna. The Janniscuru Gate was built in the Arab-Norman period and is the only one saved from the seven gates, that once gave entrance through the city wall. It is a fine 17th century massive Roman arch, positioned in an area of rock grottoes under the ancient, traditional city quarter. These nearby grottoes were used as necropolis by the ancient people thousands of years ago.
- Lombardy Castle (Castello di Lombardìa), Via Lombardia, 24, 94100 Enna. It is the symbol of the city and one of the largest medieval castles in Italy built by Sicanians, which over the times rebuilt. The castle was named for the garrison of Lombard troops, that defended it in Norman times. It has an irregular plan with the six remaining towers. The castle itself was divided into three different spaces separated by walls, first courtyard is occupied by the theater, second one situates a large green park and the third one includes the earlier royal apartments, bishop's chapel, medieval prisons and the well preserved Pisan Tower. The location of the castle offers a wide panorama, ranging from Madonie to Etna, lake Pergusa and central-eastern part of Sicily. Especially here features the castle tower of the Eagles (Torre delle Aquile del Castello), rising up over 1000 m and opening a stunning panorama around.
- Tower of Federico II (Torre di Federico II), Via Flora, 17, 94100 Enna. It is an octagonal ancient tower, that was used as summer residence. Also, it was a defense tower to control the side of the city of Enna. So, it was part of a bigger complex, named Old castle, but destroyed by Arabs. Remnants include some pieces of the old, imposing walls on the top of the green hill, where the Tower rises. A gaze from the tower summit spans over the entire upper city and the valleys below, up to Etna.
- Via Porta Palermo or Porta Reale. It is an arch, to be find making turn from Via Roma into Via Porta Palermo.
- Church of Saint Leonard 'in Montesalvo' (Chiesa Parrocchiale di San Leonardo In Montesalvo), Via Montesalvo, 103, 94100 Enna. The interior single nave is very simple and consists of a high altar and four-sided niches. There is celebrated the feast of Palm Sunday and the feast of Our Lady of Fatima (on May 13th). During the Holy Week it is a pilgrimage destination.
- Church of San Domenico (Chiesa di San Giovanni), Piazza S. Domenico, 94100 Enna. Initially church was dedicated to San Domenico, later renamed. The church of San Giovanni destroyed and was rebuilt in 20th century. Only bell tower left from the old church. The church of San Domenico has a three-nave structure built in Romanesque style. Inside it features by pointed arches with finely shaped archivolts and three-light mullioned window with Catalan-style decorations.
- Church of the Holy Spirit (Chiesa e Confraternita dello Spirito Santo), Via Spirito Santo 119, 94100 Enna. This church is part of an ancient Byzantine complex. It was reopened to the worship in 2009. On a rock near the church, there is a sail bell tower, where in the rear part was placed a watchtower, giving a position to watch the city and the nearby Janniscuru Gate for the defense purposes.
- Church of San Tommaso (Chiesa San Tommaso), Piazza F. Sco Paolo Neglia, 94100 Enna. It is notable by its belfry in three orders and Gothic-Catalan style portico from the 15th century, inside it has shaped barrel vaults.
- Enna Cathedral (Duomo Maria Santissima della Visitazione), Piazza Duomo 1, 94100 Enna. It was built in the 14th century, later remodeled and renovated. The great Baroque façade of yellow tufa-stone is surmounted by a massive campanile and old arched portals from 14th-16th century. It is decorated by pilasters, triglyphs, volutes and different stuccos. The main entrance is accessible by the impressive stairs. The interior has a nave and two aisles, splendid wooden coffered ceiling, precious canvases and chandeliers. The cathedral's treasures are housed in the Alessi Museum and include precious ornaments, the gold crown with diamonds known as the "Crown of the Virgin", Byzantine icons, thousands of ancient coins and other collections. The Cathedral is the highlight of the celebrations of the Holy Week of Enna.
- San Marco’s Church (Chiesa San Marco), Via Roma, 346, 94100 Enna. Church with the adjacent cloistered convent of Discalced Carmelites, dates back to the first half of the 16th century and was built on the ruins of a synagogue. The façade is strictly linear, but in contrast a single nave of interior is laid out in the Baroque style. The most striking work is the magnificent wooden altar, covered with gold.
- Sanctuary of Papardura (Santuario di Papardura), Via Santuario di Papardura, 95030 Enna. This sanctuary is perched on a rocky place full of caves, some of which can be visited. It has a strict façade with the placed rose window, but inside it is arranged in Sicilian Baroque style.
Fountains and monuments
- Obelisk of Enna (Obelisco Di Enna), Str. Panoramica Monte Cantina, 163, 94100 Enna. It is located on the one of the highest points of Enna and indicates the geographical centre of Sicily.
- Alessi Museum (Museo Alessi), Via Roma, 475, 94100 Enna. It is located in the impressive Gothic-Catalan style rooms. The museum shows the cathedral treasure, a coin collection and the medieval works of art.
- Museum Musical Art 3M (Museo Musical Art 3M), Via Roma, 533, 94100 Enna, tel. +39 339 200 2463. The museum collects virtual musical works and exhibits the paintings of Sicilian artists, photographic exhibitions and is home to the cultural initiatives concerning local art and traditions.
Palaces and villas
- Municipal Library (Biblioteca Comunale), Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, 6, 94100 Enna. It is located in the former San Francesco church. Library has a notable bell tower and the painted Cross from the 15th century.
- Pollicarini Palace (Palazzo Pollicarini), Via Roma, 439, 94100 Enna. Fortified palace in Gothic-Catalan style traced back to the early 16th century overlooks the Piazza Napoleone Colajanni. It is organized on the several levels. Main floor has the representative and dwelling rooms, ground floor - the service rooms; the attic room was dedicated to servitude. Frames, arabesques and coats of arms decorates this great palace.
- Varisano palace (Palazzo Varisano), Piazza Giuseppe Mazzini, 8, 94100 Enna. It houses the Regional Archaeological Museum of Enna and displays material from the Copper Age to the 6th century AD from the suburban archaeological areas. The building itself is from the 18th century, built on the remains on the earlier structure, what is visible in the premises of the ground floors.
Streets and squares
- Belvedere Marconi, Viale Guglielmo Marconi, 94100 Enna. This belvedere opens the northern part of landscape from Etna to the Madonie.
- Cerere rock (Rocca di Cerere). It is one of the most representative places of Enna located on the last eastern spur of Enna acropolis, from which the view opens to the north, east and south, while to the west you have a view of the Castle of Lombardy. In ancient times Rocca di Cerere was a place of a worship.
- Roma street (Via Roma). It is a main street of the center, which crosses six main squares of the city (Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, Piazza Pascoli, Piazza Umberto I, Piazza Maestro Coppola, Piazza Napoleone Colaianni and Piazza Giuseppe Mazzini) and is full of palaces and monuments, such as Duomo, an impressive testimony of medieval architecture of Sicily. There is reachable Castle of Lombardy from the street end following by Via Lombardia, what is undoubtedly the most famous and important attraction of the city. The view offered from this majestic castle is really enchanting by the stretching views from the Madonie to Etna, from Lake Pergusa to the entire countryside of the central-eastern part of Sicily.
- Vittorio Emanuele square (Piazza Vittorio Emanuele). It is the central square of Enna with a monastery and the church of San Francesco situated there.
- Centuripe. It has very interesting location point suitable for the aerial photo. Also, it has Roman mausoleum from the Imperial age. edit
- Municipal Theater G. Garibaldi (Teatro Comunale G. Garibaldi Enna), Via S. Giuseppe, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 093 540 540, . Performing arts theater. edit
- Sunsets. Go to Monte quarter, nearby municipal stadium (the exact street is Via dello Stadio) to see the unique sunset, which makes Enna famous in this region. You will remain fascinated by multicolored sky and the red sun, when it sets over vast hilly areas. edit
- Tour of a cheese factory in Enna, +39 348 833 9720, ([email protected] turytrip.com), . Find out more about cheese making traditions. edit
- Walking tour in Enna, Via Valdossola, 8, 97100 Ragusa, ☎ +39 388 87 26 610, . Tour with private guide edit
- Feast of Our Lady of Valverde. The feast of Our Lady of Valverde has very ancient origins (about 1300). The Virgin of Valverde was the first patroness of the Ennese people, until 1412, the year of the arrival of the simulacrum of Our Lady of visitation in the city, patron saint of the city. The festival is highlighted on the last Sunday of August between the processions, illuminations, fireworks and concerts. edit
- Feast of the Holy Crucifix of Papardura. In the perched sanctuary of Papardura it takes place on 13-14 September and is one of the oldest festivals in the city, with the tastings of the "Cudduredde", the blessings of a relic of the Holy Cross and takes place with the traditional fair in Piazza Europa. edit
- Holy Week of Enna, . March or April. The festivities of Enna Holy Week culminate by the solemn Good Friday procession, during which thousands of hooded confreres walk through the streets of the city. edit
- Patronal Feast of Maria SS. of the Visitation. on July 2. On this occasion the barefoot members of the homonymous brotherhood on their shoulders carry the golden ship with the statue of Our Lady through the streets of the city until arriving them at the Franciscan Church of Montesalvo, where it stops for two weeks. The statue of our Lady is adorned with gold jewelry offered by devoted people over centuries. edit
- Ariston, Piazza Napoleone Colajanni, 6, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 093 526 038, . Restaurant Pizzeria in the historic centre of the city 20 meter from Belvedere Marconi Tipycal sicilian food and very good pizza. edit
- Baglio Balata, Via Alcide de Gasperi, 6, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 093 550 4124, . Restaurant Pizzeria edit
- Cofano, Via Libertà, 95, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 348 117 6062. Trattoria edit
- Sciabbè, Piazza Vittorio Emanuele, 23, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 348 743 2150, . Restaurant Pizzeria edit
- Campanella Massimo, Via Vittorio Emanuele, 22, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 093 550 2386. Bar edit
- Relax Cafè Enna, Via Sant'Agata, 107, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 320 753 8410. Espresso bar edit
- Vanity Cafè, Viale Armando Diaz, 69, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 328 138 2626. edit
- A Casa dei Nonni, Via Sant'Agata, 127, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 366 500 4468, . B&B edit
- Il Nottetempo, Via Napoleone Colajanni, 26, 94100 Enna (Enna Centro), ☎ +39 320 614 2671. Holiday apartment edit
- Spampinato Srl, Piazza Arcangelo Ghisleri, 13, 94100 Enna, ☎ +39 093 519 60591, . Hotel edit
- Floristella Grottacalda Mineral Park (Ente Parco Minerario Floristella Grottacalda), Contrada Floristella, 94100 Valguarnera Caropepe. As an open-air museum, the site includes two abandoned sulphur mines carrying the same name. It’s a typical example of the settlements of industrial archaeology of southern Italy and offers the opportunity to discover the techniques of extracting and melting sulphur over the various periods.
- Piazza Armerina
- Santa Caterina Villarmosa