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El Mirador

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Petén : El Mirador
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El Mirador' is a large site of Mayan ruins in the Petén region of Guatemala.


The reasons that El Mirador is not swamped with tourists are its inaccessibility and, although a lot of work being done here, most of this huge site involves many unrestored mounds and pyramids in the jungle. Structure 34 is an exception, where some interesting figures were unearthed and an entire wall has been laid bare. Danta is another exception, where work to stabilize it was done. Once a person has hiked to the top of El Tigre, the view that awaits is mostly of jungle and other ruins, such as Calakmul and Nakbé in the distance. However, any mound or group of mounds that you can see as far to the horizon are former cities. It is the idea of lost cities the jungle that brings people to see it.

Because of serious ongoing work, this site will become more and more visibly intriguing as time goes on.


El Mirador flourished as a trading center from around 200 BCE to 150 CE during the Maya Pre-Classic Period. With a population as high as 80,000, it was one of the first large cities in North America. In the mid second century CE the entire Mirador Basin with its numerous other cities and villages became rapidly depopulated. There is little evidence of a population until there was a modest one in the Late Classic Period, and there is no permanent population today.

On April 18th, 2002, President Alfonso Portillo signed legislation, which established the Mirador Basin National Monument as a Special Archaeological Zone. This is intended to provide for the permanent protection of 600,000 acres of tropical rainforest in this area, which surrounds the oldest and largest Maya archaeological sites in Mesoamerica. The Mirador Basin National Monument is designed as a wilderness preserve without roads.

However, events of 2005 in Guatemala have pitted ranching and logging interests against this effort. Even some locals who do not see how tourism in the area will benefit them yet are in favor of what will result in roads, short term logging, non-sustainable swidden agriculture and ranches where once there was rain forest. See


It's not a rain forest for at least half of the year. However, there are are a good number of bajos en route that are muddy through much of the year.

The good news is that the portion from Tintal to El Mirador is now primarily atop the ancient causeway between them, so there is a lot less traversing bajos.

Flora and fauna[edit]

Animals and insects were surprisingly sparse in January, but were fairly common in an earlier July trip. It is very dry for enough of the year to make survival a problem. You will most likely hear birds, but may see them from time to time. There are some monkeys, both howler and spider. The area has some interesting butterflies, spiders and an occasional snake.


Tropical, but it will get cool toward morning. In December and January, you will be glad that your guide brought blankets for sleeping on your solid cloth hammock. In August it starts raining heavily. Make sure to have some sort of rain gear. The guides will sell you a poncho for Q5 (very handy). You can also use the poncho as a blanket to sit on the the ground while eating lunch, it will protect you from ants and bugs crawling up. You will enjoy a hot drink in the morning year around.

Getting in[edit]

Virtually all trips in go via the village of Carmelita, but these can be arranged in Flores or Santa Elena.

Go via mule train with a guide. The wetter it is, the better it is to also pay for another mule for riding. The driest months are March and April. The more hikers with you, the better an idea it is for you to pay for one riding mule in case anyone gets hurt.

Travel lightly. Only bring a large ribbed backpack if you plan to carry it yourself all day. Your duffel or soft bodied backpack should be small enough to easily be of such a size that it could be a legal carry on if you took it onto an airline.

Many agencies in Flores and Santa Elena can arrange it for you and this will include transportation to Carmelita and back. Generally speaking, the more people in the group, the cheaper it is per person. At present, the least expensive place to arrange a trip is Hostel Los Amigos [1]. The tour packages you can buy in Flores however are atleast 100 USD more expensive than if you book directly with the tour organisers in Carmelita. It also allows the people in Carmelita to charge fair prices for the work they are doing as you skip the middleman.

Another possibility is to deal directly with people in Carmelita or the local cooperative. To arrange directly instead of through some agency, after calling in Spanish and arranging your trip ahead of time, you would take the afternoon bus to Carmelita the day before departure, then stay in the inexpensive and basic rooms behind the comedor. In the morning you would have an early start and there would be no rush to get back your final trip day, because you would be taking the bus back to Flores the next morning.

The village of Carmelita is organised as a cooperative i.e. the guides, the mule guides, the cooks, the guards at the archaeological sites and any other job is rotated amongst the villagers allowing the entire community to profit from the tourism. Decisions are made by consensus and try to find a balance between economic development and sustainable ecological practices.

If you are a keen hiker, it is also possible to walk there on your own. For a short description of the hike see i.e. [

Helicopter trip

Now it is possible to make this trip by helicopter from flowers Peten or Guatemala city you can see the specifications at [2]


Effective July 20th, 2007, officially there has been a 60Q entry fee per visitor mandated. This fee is usually included in the price you pay to the agency or your guide. For more info on prices, agencies, guides and contacts, as well as independent information on the hike check out the El Mirador Hike Blog [(] Effective August 2017: Do not go hike on your own. You will be stopped at the entrance and be asked to hire a guide from Carmelita. This is because they want to ensure your safety (wild animals, snakes) and also make sure the ruins is not destroyed/looted etc.

Get around[edit]

It is best to do this trip with a sixth day to see Nakbé, which is 3 1/2 to 4 hours away and just a bit closer to Carmelita. Much of the route there will take you along an ancient causeway, which you can still see the edges of. Going this route also makes you head back in such a way that you will travel through more lost cities along your way back to Carmelita. If you are smart, you will make sure that the extra day includes a short detour to the ruins of Wakná, where work has just begun.

See[edit][add listing]

The city's main group of buildings covers two square kilometers and many were built on a grand scale. The largest pyramid at El Mirador, El Tigre, has six times the surface area as Temple IV at Tikal and is 55 meters tall.

The Danta Complex is about 300 meters wide on each side of the bottom base, which is 7 meters high and supports a series of buildings. The next and smaller platform rises another 7 meters. Above that is another platform around 21 meters high, which is topped off by three pyramids, the tallest of which is 21 meters high. The total height is 70 meters, making it taller than Temple IV at Tikal.

Recent finds include a now reconstructed frieze, showing the Hero Twins of the Popul Vuh and a mural.

Do[edit][add listing]

Current tours also can involve visiting Nakbé and will take longer than seeing just the one site. They require a lot of stamina and involve riding horses (or more often mules) or walking for around 27-30 hours over the course of five days. Saddle horses or mules are good to have along, but if you are not going in the rainy season, you will probably alternate walking with riding and may want to share a ride among two of you. Given a choice of horse and mule, keep in mind that the mule is far more likely to obey your reined demands to avoid scraping you against some thorny tree on a trip.

The trips to El Mirador and surrounding archaeological sites can be made in five to seven days, depending on the amount of time and energy of the participants.

Buy[edit][add listing]

Buy what you need beforehand. The guards at any Guatemalan ruin rotate in for 21 days at a time, so consider buying and bringing "items" for them. Food treats or cigarettes would be enjoyed. DO NOT bring liquor to give them. Any worker in the Mirador Basin caught with alcohol will be banned for life from ever working there again.

Be sure to bring and use insect repellent containing 100% deet. Also spray pants legs and socks with Permethrin.

Eat[edit][add listing]

Food is included in any outfitted trip to El Mirador, but protein may be in short supply for most meals. Bring snacks and granola bars. Bring Chocolate, cookies to share with your group too! You will be eating a lot of corn tortillas and beans!

Drink[edit][add listing]

BYO, except for water. On cool mornings, unless you really like instant coffee every day, hot chocolate or latte mixes will hit the spot.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

Tent, sleeping mat, mattress, hammocks, mosquito nets and blanket provided. If rain is possible, your guide should put a tarp overhead. This is all included in your guided trip. Having a sweatshirt will come in handy on rainy nights and chilly mornings.


Hammocks with mosquito netting and a blanket (included in all trips) are great. The First campsite is well set up. They have these sites set up for the archaeological team to do their work. But as you go in further inside the jungle the campsites are very basic. At Nakbe a shower consists of a bucket of water with a bowl (if you are lucky enough to have water for bathing).


Any trip with a guide includes solid cloth hammocks, mosquito netting and a blanket. If it is winter in the Northern Hemisphere, you might want a light sweater to sleep in.

Any time of year you are likely to enjoy a hot drink in the morning. Hint - a chai latte from a powder mix tastes wonderful there, but you need to bring it.

It is now possible to have a quick cold shower, but you may need to pay the guards 10 Quetzals.

Stay safe[edit]

The last thing that almost anyone connected with these trips wants is for anything bad to happen to travelers. The local economy depends on good trips happening. Cooks are very careful to cook in such a way that no one gets sick and I think that thieves would receive a cold and dangerous reception there.


1. Imagination: BRING YOUR IMAGINATION!! The Mayan country is well preserved and protected by the jungle!

2. Bug repellent (make sure it works! 100% deet is your best bet they are relentless!!)

2.Extra pair of socks for each day(better to have extra socks than hike in wet or muddy socks)of hiking and a separate warm pair that you only use for night while sleeping.

3. Blister patches.

4. Backup power for phone (so you can take as many pictures as you want). Audio recorder if you want to record jungle sounds!

5. Light warm jacket or sweatshirt for chilly mornings and nights (in rainy season).

6. Wet Wipes, anti itch creme(for bugbites), alcohol/antibiotic (for any wounds or scratches)

7. Long pants (they protect your legs). Hiking in shorts and sleveless shirts is ok but be prepared for the bug attack!!

Always have a flashlight handy when leaving your hammock in the dark. Just going a little way to urinate might turn you around. A very small one that you always keep in the same pocket is good for this.

Probably the best flashlight you can have in the evening is one you can wear on your head. Just don't point it so it is in people's eyes.

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