The Eisack Valley (German: Eisacktal, Italian: Valle Isarco, Ladin: Val dl Isarch)  is a South Tyrolean district located in the central part of the region which borders to the South Tyrolean Wipp Valley (northern part of the valley of the Eisack) in the north-west, to the Puster Valley to the north-east and to the east and to Salten-Schlern to the west and to the south (with the southern part of the valley of the Eisack). Its capital is Brixen, the third largest town in South Tyrol. The district has a population of about 50,000.
This article is about the district of the Eisack Valley and not about the geographical valley:
Part of the Eisack Valley district territory was under the direct control of the Bishop of Brixen in that state which was known as Bishopric of Brixen but that was under protection of the Counts of Tyrol before and of the Hapsburgs after. The first capital of the Bishopric was Säben near Klausen (during Roman times known as Sabione - Klausen was Subsabione). In 901 Brixen was founded and in 980 it became the bishopric centre. Since then Brixen has been the religious capital of Tyrol. The diocese was founded in the 6th century, and gradually received more secular powers. The Bishopric of Brixen was elevated to an immediate principality of the Holy Roman Empire in 1179, and lost its worldly powers in 1803, when its territory was annexed by Austria. The Bishopric of Brixen existed until 1964, when it became part of the Diocese of Bolzano-Brixen. The seat of the diocese is now in Bolzano but the Cathedral in Brixen remains to held this title while the Cathedral in Bolzano is officially a Co-Cathedral. From 1803 to 1919 the area from between Klausen and Brixen to some kilometers northern to the Brenner Pass was part of the district of Brixen, while Klausen was part of the district of Bolzano. The district of the Eisack Valley was born in 1968 and until 1980 it included the municipalities of the Wipp Valley.
The climate in the low valley is continental with strong Alpine influences while in the upper lateral valleys the climate is strongly Alpine.
The Eisack Valley is mostly German-speaking - 86% of the district population speaks German as mother tongue. Only 13% is Italian-speaking while Ladins are a small minority - but stronger than in other districts (1%). The Italian-speaking population lives primarily in the towns of Brixen and Klausen. All road signs are bilingual, though.
The Eisack Valley German dialect (Eisacktalerisch, or in dialect Eisacktolerisch) is a typical Tyrolean dialect in transition between that of the Innsbruck and of the Bolzano area and it's quite homogeneous. Only in Brixen the dialect could sound a bit differently (e.g. in the word usage more than in the spelling) also because the Brixen dialect is an urban dialect which shares similarities to that of Bolzano and Meran.
The Eisack Valley is very well connected by public transportation and international connections.
The Eisack Valley is on the international Brenner rail line which connects Southern and Northern Europe. Brixen is the major hub and all the train stop there.
Brixen is the major hub for international connections with the whole Central Europe. In the article about South Tyrol all information about coach agency is written.
The motorway A22 is the simplest way in order to reach the Eisack Valley. There are two motorway exits: one in Brixen and one in Klausen.
If you want to travel inside South Tyrol and so inside the Eisack Valley by bus or by train you can buy the "Value Card" ("Wertkarte" or "Carta valore") for EUR 5.00, 10.00 or 25.00 and you will pay less with this card. In Brixen this tickets can be bought also in general shops like bakeries, bars, restaurants, supermarkets, other retail stores and in the tourist offices. All dealers have identification stickers. In smaller places you can find them at bus stations. For more information check on the web site of the regional transport system web site .
Only three places in the Eisack Valley can be reached directly by train.
The rail service is operated by the Italian Railway Company Trenitalia . For information about timetables the web site for local transportation powered by the regional government  is the most detailed.
Brixen is the major local hub for connections to other places in the Eisack Valley. On regional buses you can buy your ticket on board too. In the Brixen city buses you can't buy the ticket on board.
Also the most isolated village is well connected by the well-kept road system. Also without maps is possible to reach small places. However, if you get a map it's better. Pay attention on mountain roads.
The Eisack Valley has a well-developed bike trail system inside the district but it's not connected to Bolzano. On the web site of the regional government you can find the maps of the bike trail systems in South Tyrol divided by districts  (German and Italian).
The most impressive highlights are to be found between Brixen and Klausen.
The Eisack Valley is full of summer and winter activities.
The Eisack Valley cuisine is a typical Tyrolean cuisine. The most typical local dish is the Eisack Valley Wine Soup which is particularly creamy. The in Brixen located Brimi  produces a lot of export dairy products like mozzarella, mascarpone and local butter. Typical speck can be found everywhere.
In the Eisack Valley you will find expecially typical Gasthäuser - even in Brixen. International, cuisine and ethnic restaurants tend to be more expensive here.
In the Eisack Valley there is a small but high-quality production of wine. During the Törggelen season fresh wine most with chestnuts is served. Beer is also popular expecially during local parties. Night life is to be found only in Brixen.
Eisack Valley is a tourist region and all options for accommodation are provided. You can find without problems hotels, B&Bs, youth hostels, campings and farm holidays. Tourist offices (, ) can help you in finding your ideal accommodation.
Quality is very high also in small 1-star pensions, so price are not the cheapest in Europe. Category is given in stars (from 1 to 5 where the 5-stars are the most expensive).
B&Bs, Garni and Residence
B&Bs are more common as Garnis which are very closed but they are more similar to small hotels. Residence are small apartment houses which offer most times also breakfast.
The Eisack Valley is a very safe area.