The Dolomites are also known as the Pale Mountains they got their name from the rock dolomite, named after french mineralogist Déodat de Dolomieu who was the first to study it in the 18th century. The chemical composition of the rocks gives rise to the phenomenon known as enrosadira or alpenglow, it can be seen at dawn or sunset when the mountains look orange-reddish (or pink-purple).
Dolomites are divided into Western Dolomites and Eastern Dolomites by the Cordevole creek (a tributary of the Piave river) which flows through the province of Belluno. Dolomites are also divided into many other ranges, the most famous are Marmolada (the highest peak, 3,343m), Antelao (the second highest 3,263m. and close to Cortina d'Ampezzo. It is nicknamed “King of the Dolomites”), Sella, Tofane, Sorapiss, Cristallo group and Sexten Dolomites (Dolomiti di Sesto in Italian).
Dolomites are natural habitat for a wide range of mammals and birds such as deers, martens, groundhogs, boars, wolves, eagles, hawks and many other species.
The best option is travelling by car, just pay attention when driving because the roads can be narrow and traffic in high season can be mental, especially if you’re trying to reach Cortina from Belluno.